The Theme refers to the underlying technologies and components that come together to deliver the visual design and functionality of a WordPress website. It encompasses the server-side components that power WordPress, as well as the architecture and files specific to WordPress themes.

Understanding the technology behind WordPress themes on the server is fundamental to building and maintaining successful WordPress websites. Whether you’re a developer, designer, or administrator, this knowledge empowers you to create and manage themes effectively, ensuring a secure, high-performing, and visually appealing web presence.

Technology of Themes

Web Servers

Web servers (e.g., Apache, Nginx) handle incoming HTTP requests and serve web pages. They play a critical role in delivering WordPress themes to users.


PHP is the server-side scripting language that WordPress is built upon. It processes requests, connects to the database, and generates dynamic content based on theme files and user input.


WordPress relies on databases, typically MySQL, to store content, settings, and theme data. It retrieves information from the database to dynamically generate web pages.

File Systems

File systems are used to store theme files, images, JavaScript, and CSS. Understanding the structure and organization of theme files is essential for theme development.

Theme Architecture

WordPress themes consist of PHP template files, CSS stylesheets, JavaScript files, and other assets. Themes are organized within the wp-content/themes directory on the server.

Template files determine the layout and structure of web pages. Key templates include header.php, footer.php, and various content-specific templates like single.php and page.php.

Style Sheets (CSS)

CSS files control the visual presentation of the theme. Styles are defined in CSS files and determine elements like colors, fonts, and layout.


JavaScript files enhance website interactivity and functionality. These files can be included in themes for tasks like form validation, animations, and AJAX functionality.


The functions.php file contains PHP functions and code for theme-specific features and customizations. It’s where you can add actions, filters, and custom functions to modify how the theme behaves.

Workflow on your Webserver

User Requests

When a user visits a WordPress site, the web server processes their request and forwards it to WordPress.

WordPress Core

WordPress core, which includes PHP scripts and database queries, interprets the user’s request and retrieves content and settings.

Theme Integration

The selected theme’s template files and styles are integrated into the content, and the final HTML, CSS, and JavaScript are generated and sent to the user’s browser.

Customization and Optimization

Child Themes

Child themes are used to extend and customize existing themes without modifying the original theme files. This allows you to make changes without losing updates or risking theme conflicts.


Optimizing themes for performance includes minimizing server requests, reducing image sizes, and optimizing CSS and JavaScript. Caching techniques can also enhance loading speed.

Security Considerations

Proper security practices include keeping themes and WordPress core up-to-date, securing database access, and sanitizing user input to prevent vulnerabilities.


  • 2023-11-06: Added Update Theme Informationen.
  • 2022-08-16: Nothing here, yet.