wp_get_archives( string|array $args = '' )

Display archive links based on type and format.


Description Description


Parameters Parameters

$args

(string|array) (Optional) Default archive links arguments. Optional.

  • 'type'
    (string) Type of archive to retrieve. Accepts 'daily', 'weekly', 'monthly', 'yearly', 'postbypost', or 'alpha'. Both 'postbypost' and 'alpha' display the same archive link list as well as post titles instead of displaying dates. The difference between the two is that 'alpha' will order by post title and 'postbypost' will order by post date. Default 'monthly'.
  • 'limit'
    (string|int) Number of links to limit the query to. Default empty (no limit).
  • 'format'
    (string) Format each link should take using the $before and $after args. Accepts 'link' (<link> tag), 'option' (<option> tag), 'html' (<li> tag), or a custom format, which generates a link anchor with $before preceding and $after succeeding. Default 'html'.
  • 'before'
    (string) Markup to prepend to the beginning of each link.
  • 'after'
    (string) Markup to append to the end of each link.
  • 'show_post_count'
    (bool) Whether to display the post count alongside the link. Default false.
  • 'echo'
    (bool|int) Whether to echo or return the links list. Default 1|true to echo.
  • 'order'
    (string) Whether to use ascending or descending order. Accepts 'ASC', or 'DESC'. Default 'DESC'.
  • 'post_type'
    (string) Post type. Default 'post'.

Default value: ''


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Return Return

(string|void) String when retrieving.


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Source Source

File: wp-includes/general-template.php

function wp_get_archives( $args = '' ) {
	global $wpdb, $wp_locale;

	$defaults = array(
		'type' => 'monthly', 'limit' => '',
		'format' => 'html', 'before' => '',
		'after' => '', 'show_post_count' => false,
		'echo' => 1, 'order' => 'DESC',
		'post_type' => 'post'
	);

	$r = wp_parse_args( $args, $defaults );

	$post_type_object = get_post_type_object( $r['post_type'] );
	if ( ! is_post_type_viewable( $post_type_object ) ) {
		return;
	}
	$r['post_type'] = $post_type_object->name;

	if ( '' == $r['type'] ) {
		$r['type'] = 'monthly';
	}

	if ( ! empty( $r['limit'] ) ) {
		$r['limit'] = absint( $r['limit'] );
		$r['limit'] = ' LIMIT ' . $r['limit'];
	}

	$order = strtoupper( $r['order'] );
	if ( $order !== 'ASC' ) {
		$order = 'DESC';
	}

	// this is what will separate dates on weekly archive links
	$archive_week_separator = '&#8211;';

	$sql_where = $wpdb->prepare( "WHERE post_type = %s AND post_status = 'publish'", $r['post_type'] );

	/**
	 * Filters the SQL WHERE clause for retrieving archives.
	 *
	 * @since 2.2.0
	 *
	 * @param string $sql_where Portion of SQL query containing the WHERE clause.
	 * @param array  $r         An array of default arguments.
	 */
	$where = apply_filters( 'getarchives_where', $sql_where, $r );

	/**
	 * Filters the SQL JOIN clause for retrieving archives.
	 *
	 * @since 2.2.0
	 *
	 * @param string $sql_join Portion of SQL query containing JOIN clause.
	 * @param array  $r        An array of default arguments.
	 */
	$join = apply_filters( 'getarchives_join', '', $r );

	$output = '';

	$last_changed = wp_cache_get_last_changed( 'posts' );

	$limit = $r['limit'];

	if ( 'monthly' == $r['type'] ) {
		$query = "SELECT YEAR(post_date) AS `year`, MONTH(post_date) AS `month`, count(ID) as posts FROM $wpdb->posts $join $where GROUP BY YEAR(post_date), MONTH(post_date) ORDER BY post_date $order $limit";
		$key = md5( $query );
		$key = "wp_get_archives:$key:$last_changed";
		if ( ! $results = wp_cache_get( $key, 'posts' ) ) {
			$results = $wpdb->get_results( $query );
			wp_cache_set( $key, $results, 'posts' );
		}
		if ( $results ) {
			$after = $r['after'];
			foreach ( (array) $results as $result ) {
				$url = get_month_link( $result->year, $result->month );
				if ( 'post' !== $r['post_type'] ) {
					$url = add_query_arg( 'post_type', $r['post_type'], $url );
				}
				/* translators: 1: month name, 2: 4-digit year */
				$text = sprintf( __( '%1$s %2$d' ), $wp_locale->get_month( $result->month ), $result->year );
				if ( $r['show_post_count'] ) {
					$r['after'] = '&nbsp;(' . $result->posts . ')' . $after;
				}
				$output .= get_archives_link( $url, $text, $r['format'], $r['before'], $r['after'] );
			}
		}
	} elseif ( 'yearly' == $r['type'] ) {
		$query = "SELECT YEAR(post_date) AS `year`, count(ID) as posts FROM $wpdb->posts $join $where GROUP BY YEAR(post_date) ORDER BY post_date $order $limit";
		$key = md5( $query );
		$key = "wp_get_archives:$key:$last_changed";
		if ( ! $results = wp_cache_get( $key, 'posts' ) ) {
			$results = $wpdb->get_results( $query );
			wp_cache_set( $key, $results, 'posts' );
		}
		if ( $results ) {
			$after = $r['after'];
			foreach ( (array) $results as $result) {
				$url = get_year_link( $result->year );
				if ( 'post' !== $r['post_type'] ) {
					$url = add_query_arg( 'post_type', $r['post_type'], $url );
				}
				$text = sprintf( '%d', $result->year );
				if ( $r['show_post_count'] ) {
					$r['after'] = '&nbsp;(' . $result->posts . ')' . $after;
				}
				$output .= get_archives_link( $url, $text, $r['format'], $r['before'], $r['after'] );
			}
		}
	} elseif ( 'daily' == $r['type'] ) {
		$query = "SELECT YEAR(post_date) AS `year`, MONTH(post_date) AS `month`, DAYOFMONTH(post_date) AS `dayofmonth`, count(ID) as posts FROM $wpdb->posts $join $where GROUP BY YEAR(post_date), MONTH(post_date), DAYOFMONTH(post_date) ORDER BY post_date $order $limit";
		$key = md5( $query );
		$key = "wp_get_archives:$key:$last_changed";
		if ( ! $results = wp_cache_get( $key, 'posts' ) ) {
			$results = $wpdb->get_results( $query );
			wp_cache_set( $key, $results, 'posts' );
		}
		if ( $results ) {
			$after = $r['after'];
			foreach ( (array) $results as $result ) {
				$url  = get_day_link( $result->year, $result->month, $result->dayofmonth );
				if ( 'post' !== $r['post_type'] ) {
					$url = add_query_arg( 'post_type', $r['post_type'], $url );
				}
				$date = sprintf( '%1$d-%2$02d-%3$02d 00:00:00', $result->year, $result->month, $result->dayofmonth );
				$text = mysql2date( get_option( 'date_format' ), $date );
				if ( $r['show_post_count'] ) {
					$r['after'] = '&nbsp;(' . $result->posts . ')' . $after;
				}
				$output .= get_archives_link( $url, $text, $r['format'], $r['before'], $r['after'] );
			}
		}
	} elseif ( 'weekly' == $r['type'] ) {
		$week = _wp_mysql_week( '`post_date`' );
		$query = "SELECT DISTINCT $week AS `week`, YEAR( `post_date` ) AS `yr`, DATE_FORMAT( `post_date`, '%Y-%m-%d' ) AS `yyyymmdd`, count( `ID` ) AS `posts` FROM `$wpdb->posts` $join $where GROUP BY $week, YEAR( `post_date` ) ORDER BY `post_date` $order $limit";
		$key = md5( $query );
		$key = "wp_get_archives:$key:$last_changed";
		if ( ! $results = wp_cache_get( $key, 'posts' ) ) {
			$results = $wpdb->get_results( $query );
			wp_cache_set( $key, $results, 'posts' );
		}
		$arc_w_last = '';
		if ( $results ) {
			$after = $r['after'];
			foreach ( (array) $results as $result ) {
				if ( $result->week != $arc_w_last ) {
					$arc_year       = $result->yr;
					$arc_w_last     = $result->week;
					$arc_week       = get_weekstartend( $result->yyyymmdd, get_option( 'start_of_week' ) );
					$arc_week_start = date_i18n( get_option( 'date_format' ), $arc_week['start'] );
					$arc_week_end   = date_i18n( get_option( 'date_format' ), $arc_week['end'] );
					$url            = add_query_arg( array( 'm' => $arc_year, 'w' => $result->week, ), home_url( '/' ) );
					if ( 'post' !== $r['post_type'] ) {
						$url = add_query_arg( 'post_type', $r['post_type'], $url );
					}
					$text           = $arc_week_start . $archive_week_separator . $arc_week_end;
					if ( $r['show_post_count'] ) {
						$r['after'] = '&nbsp;(' . $result->posts . ')' . $after;
					}
					$output .= get_archives_link( $url, $text, $r['format'], $r['before'], $r['after'] );
				}
			}
		}
	} elseif ( ( 'postbypost' == $r['type'] ) || ('alpha' == $r['type'] ) ) {
		$orderby = ( 'alpha' == $r['type'] ) ? 'post_title ASC ' : 'post_date DESC, ID DESC ';
		$query = "SELECT * FROM $wpdb->posts $join $where ORDER BY $orderby $limit";
		$key = md5( $query );
		$key = "wp_get_archives:$key:$last_changed";
		if ( ! $results = wp_cache_get( $key, 'posts' ) ) {
			$results = $wpdb->get_results( $query );
			wp_cache_set( $key, $results, 'posts' );
		}
		if ( $results ) {
			foreach ( (array) $results as $result ) {
				if ( $result->post_date != '0000-00-00 00:00:00' ) {
					$url = get_permalink( $result );
					if ( $result->post_title ) {
						/** This filter is documented in wp-includes/post-template.php */
						$text = strip_tags( apply_filters( 'the_title', $result->post_title, $result->ID ) );
					} else {
						$text = $result->ID;
					}
					$output .= get_archives_link( $url, $text, $r['format'], $r['before'], $r['after'] );
				}
			}
		}
	}
	if ( $r['echo'] ) {
		echo $output;
	} else {
		return $output;
	}
}

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Changelog Changelog

Changelog
Version Description
4.4.0 $post_type arg was added.
1.2.0 Introduced.


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User Contributed Notes User Contributed Notes

  1. Skip to note content
    Contributed by Codex

    Display the titles of the last 20 posts
    Uses custom as the value for the format argument and specifies before and after values (so, in this example, prints the titles within span tags and separated by commas):

    <?php wp_get_archives( array( 'type' => 'postbypost', 'limit' => 20, 'format' => 'custom', 'before' => '<span class="my-post-title">', 'after' => '</span>, ' ) ); ?>
  2. Skip to note content
    Contributed by Codex

    Dropdown Box
    Displays a dropdown menu of monthly archives, in option tags, with the post count (uses JavaScript to navigate to the selected archive page).

    <select name="archive-dropdown" onchange="document.location.href=this.options[this.selectedIndex].value;">
    	<option value=""><?php esc_attr( _e( 'Select Month', 'textdomain' ) ); ?></option> 
    	<?php wp_get_archives( array( 'type' => 'monthly', 'format' => 'option', 'show_post_count' => 1 ) ); ?>
    </select>

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