date_i18n( string $dateformatstring, bool|int $unixtimestamp = false, bool $gmt = false )

Retrieve the date in localized format, based on timestamp.

Description Description

If the locale specifies the locale month and weekday, then the locale will take over the format for the date. If it isn’t, then the date format string will be used instead.

Parameters Parameters


(string) (Required) Format to display the date.


(bool|int) (Optional) Unix timestamp.

Default value: false


(bool) (Optional) Whether to use GMT timezone.

Default value: false

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Return Return

(string) The date, translated if locale specifies it.

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Source Source

File: wp-includes/functions.php

function date_i18n( $dateformatstring, $unixtimestamp = false, $gmt = false ) {
	global $wp_locale;
	$i = $unixtimestamp;

	if ( false === $i ) {
		$i = current_time( 'timestamp', $gmt );

	 * Store original value for language with untypical grammars.
	 * See
	$req_format = $dateformatstring;

	if ( ( !empty( $wp_locale->month ) ) && ( !empty( $wp_locale->weekday ) ) ) {
		$datemonth = $wp_locale->get_month( date( 'm', $i ) );
		$datemonth_abbrev = $wp_locale->get_month_abbrev( $datemonth );
		$dateweekday = $wp_locale->get_weekday( date( 'w', $i ) );
		$dateweekday_abbrev = $wp_locale->get_weekday_abbrev( $dateweekday );
		$datemeridiem = $wp_locale->get_meridiem( date( 'a', $i ) );
		$datemeridiem_capital = $wp_locale->get_meridiem( date( 'A', $i ) );
		$dateformatstring = ' '.$dateformatstring;
		$dateformatstring = preg_replace( "/([^\\\])D/", "\\1" . backslashit( $dateweekday_abbrev ), $dateformatstring );
		$dateformatstring = preg_replace( "/([^\\\])F/", "\\1" . backslashit( $datemonth ), $dateformatstring );
		$dateformatstring = preg_replace( "/([^\\\])l/", "\\1" . backslashit( $dateweekday ), $dateformatstring );
		$dateformatstring = preg_replace( "/([^\\\])M/", "\\1" . backslashit( $datemonth_abbrev ), $dateformatstring );
		$dateformatstring = preg_replace( "/([^\\\])a/", "\\1" . backslashit( $datemeridiem ), $dateformatstring );
		$dateformatstring = preg_replace( "/([^\\\])A/", "\\1" . backslashit( $datemeridiem_capital ), $dateformatstring );

		$dateformatstring = substr( $dateformatstring, 1, strlen( $dateformatstring ) -1 );
	$timezone_formats = array( 'P', 'I', 'O', 'T', 'Z', 'e' );
	$timezone_formats_re = implode( '|', $timezone_formats );
	if ( preg_match( "/$timezone_formats_re/", $dateformatstring ) ) {
		$timezone_string = get_option( 'timezone_string' );
		if ( $timezone_string ) {
			$timezone_object = timezone_open( $timezone_string );
			$date_object = date_create( null, $timezone_object );
			foreach ( $timezone_formats as $timezone_format ) {
				if ( false !== strpos( $dateformatstring, $timezone_format ) ) {
					$formatted = date_format( $date_object, $timezone_format );
					$dateformatstring = ' '.$dateformatstring;
					$dateformatstring = preg_replace( "/([^\\\])$timezone_format/", "\\1" . backslashit( $formatted ), $dateformatstring );
					$dateformatstring = substr( $dateformatstring, 1, strlen( $dateformatstring ) -1 );
	$j = @date( $dateformatstring, $i );

	 * Filters the date formatted based on the locale.
	 * @since 2.8.0
	 * @param string $j          Formatted date string.
	 * @param string $req_format Format to display the date.
	 * @param int    $i          Unix timestamp.
	 * @param bool   $gmt        Whether to convert to GMT for time. Default false.
	$j = apply_filters( 'date_i18n', $j, $req_format, $i, $gmt );
	return $j;

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Changelog Changelog

Version Description
0.71 Introduced.

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User Contributed Notes User Contributed Notes

  1. Skip to note 1 content

    The date_i18n() function basically behaves exactly like the normal PHP date() function, except that it also translates things like month names and weekdays and similar into the current locale for the site. You can replace a call to date() with a call to date_i18n(), using the same arguments that date() normally takes.

    The date_i18n() function also takes an additional argument, which should be used only if you’re specifying GMT (UTC) time and not a local time.

    The core of WordPress includes the necessary pieces to translate months and days and so forth in the core code, so this function is one translation function which does not need a text-domain when used in plugins and themes. The translations will always be included in the core language packs.

    Note that the “format”, however, is not converted to a local one if you manually specify it. If you need a localized format, then you should use get_option('date_format') if you need the format set by the user in Settings->General, and thus one of their choosing. Alternatively, you can wrap your predefined format in __() in order to allow translators to adjust the date to the proper local format. If you do so, then you should also include a translator comment, to let the translators know what the date format is referring to and where it is used, so they can convert it accurately.

  2. Skip to note 3 content

    It is important to note that date_i18n():

    1. does not have full feature parity with date(), not all formats are supported (such as shorthands);
    2. does not accept Unix timestamp (despite documented to), the expected value is “WordPress timestamp” (offset by time zone);
    3. has issues with certain timezone settings, such as numerical ones;
    4. does nothing with $gmt argument under normal circumstances;

    Any use of this function must be carefully audited for correctness, especially in regards to output of time zones.

  3. Skip to note 4 content
    Contributed by Dave Liske

    To get both the date and time within a single string, use date_i18n twice with a separator. At the same time, you can also retrieve the local Date and Time formats that are set within the General Settings page.

    For example, to return: ‘March 3, 2018 @ 7:18 am’ (formatted for the US, Eastern Standard Time in the General Settings page):

    $datetime = date_i18n(get_option('date_format'), current_time('timestamp')) .' @ '. date_i18n(get_option('time_format'), current_time('timestamp'));
  4. Skip to note 5 content
    Contributed by vee
    $dt_gmt = '2018-12-03 00:00:00';
    echo 'date_i18n GMT, gmt=false: ' . date_i18n($settings_datetime_format, strtotime($dt_gmt)) . '<br>';
    echo 'date_i18n GMT, gmt=true: ' . date_i18n($settings_datetime_format, strtotime($dt_gmt), true) . '<br>';


    date_i18n GMT, gmt=false: December 3, 2018 12:00 am
    date_i18n GMT, gmt=true: December 3, 2018 12:00 am

    The third argument has no effect if second argument was set.

    To display translated date/time based on WP settings (time zone, format). The $unixtimestamp argument must be convert from GMT like this.

    $dt_gmt = '2018-12-03 00:00:00';
    $dt = get_date_from_gmt($dt_gmt, 'Y-m-d H:i:s');// convert from GMT to local date/time based on WordPress time zone setting.
    echo date_i18n(get_option('date_format') . ' ' . get_option('time_format') . ' (P)', strtotime($dt));// get format from WordPress settings.

    The result will be:

    ธันวาคม 3, 2018 7:00 am (+07:00)

    This is based on Thai language, Bangkok time zone.

    More examples are on [moderated]

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