get_page_by_path( string $page_path, string $output = OBJECT, string|array $post_type = 'page' )

Retrieves a page given its path.


Description Description


Parameters Parameters

$page_path

(string) (Required) Page path.

$output

(string) (Optional) The required return type. One of OBJECT, ARRAY_A, or ARRAY_N, which correspond to a WP_Post object, an associative array, or a numeric array, respectively.

Default value: OBJECT

$post_type

(string|array) (Optional) Post type or array of post types.

Default value: 'page'


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Return Return

(WP_Post|array|null) WP_Post (or array) on success, or null on failure.


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Source Source

File: wp-includes/post.php

function get_page_by_path( $page_path, $output = OBJECT, $post_type = 'page' ) {
	global $wpdb;

	$last_changed = wp_cache_get_last_changed( 'posts' );

	$hash = md5( $page_path . serialize( $post_type ) );
	$cache_key = "get_page_by_path:$hash:$last_changed";
	$cached = wp_cache_get( $cache_key, 'posts' );
	if ( false !== $cached ) {
		// Special case: '0' is a bad `$page_path`.
		if ( '0' === $cached || 0 === $cached ) {
			return;
		} else {
			return get_post( $cached, $output );
		}
	}

	$page_path = rawurlencode(urldecode($page_path));
	$page_path = str_replace('%2F', '/', $page_path);
	$page_path = str_replace('%20', ' ', $page_path);
	$parts = explode( '/', trim( $page_path, '/' ) );
	$parts = esc_sql( $parts );
	$parts = array_map( 'sanitize_title_for_query', $parts );

	$in_string = "'" . implode( "','", $parts ) . "'";

	if ( is_array( $post_type ) ) {
		$post_types = $post_type;
	} else {
		$post_types = array( $post_type, 'attachment' );
	}

	$post_types = esc_sql( $post_types );
	$post_type_in_string = "'" . implode( "','", $post_types ) . "'";
	$sql = "
		SELECT ID, post_name, post_parent, post_type
		FROM $wpdb->posts
		WHERE post_name IN ($in_string)
		AND post_type IN ($post_type_in_string)
	";

	$pages = $wpdb->get_results( $sql, OBJECT_K );

	$revparts = array_reverse( $parts );

	$foundid = 0;
	foreach ( (array) $pages as $page ) {
		if ( $page->post_name == $revparts[0] ) {
			$count = 0;
			$p = $page;

			/*
			 * Loop through the given path parts from right to left,
			 * ensuring each matches the post ancestry.
			 */
			while ( $p->post_parent != 0 && isset( $pages[ $p->post_parent ] ) ) {
				$count++;
				$parent = $pages[ $p->post_parent ];
				if ( ! isset( $revparts[ $count ] ) || $parent->post_name != $revparts[ $count ] )
					break;
				$p = $parent;
			}

			if ( $p->post_parent == 0 && $count+1 == count( $revparts ) && $p->post_name == $revparts[ $count ] ) {
				$foundid = $page->ID;
				if ( $page->post_type == $post_type )
					break;
			}
		}
	}

	// We cache misses as well as hits.
	wp_cache_set( $cache_key, $foundid, 'posts' );

	if ( $foundid ) {
		return get_post( $foundid, $output );
	}
}

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Changelog Changelog

Changelog
Version Description
2.1.0 Introduced.


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User Contributed Notes User Contributed Notes

  1. Skip to note content
    Contributed by Codex

    Page Path
    This is the equivalent of the pagename query, as in: index.php?pagename=parent-page/sub-page.

    Code for the above could be written as (assuming parent-page/sub-page is actually the path to a page):

    get_page_by_path('parent-page/sub-page');
    

    For non-hierarchical custom post types, you need to use just the slug in tandem with the post_type parameter.

    //Returns nothing, assumes animals is the rewrite slug for the animal CPT
    get_page_by_path('animals/cat', OBJECT, 'animal');
    
    //Returns the animal with the slug 'cat'
    get_page_by_path('cat', OBJECT, 'animal');
    

    The functions basename() and untrailingslashit() are handy for grabbing the last part of the URL for this:

    $page_path = 'animals/cat/';
    get_page_by_path( basename( untrailingslashit( $page_path ) ) , OBJECT, 'animal');
    

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