add_image_size ( string $name, int $width, int $height, bool|array $crop = false )

Register a new image size.

Cropping behavior for the image size is dependent on the value of $crop:

  1. If false (default), images will be scaled, not cropped.
  2. If an array in the form of array( x_crop_position, y_crop_position ):
    • x_crop_position accepts ‘left’ ‘center’, or ‘right’.
    • y_crop_position accepts ‘top’, ‘center’, or ‘bottom’. Images will be cropped to the specified dimensions within the defined crop area.
  3. If true, images will be cropped to the specified dimensions using center positions.

Source file: wp-includes/media.php

View source



(string) (Required) Image size identifier.


(int) (Required) Image width in pixels.


(int) (Required) Image height in pixels.


(bool|array) (Optional) Whether to crop images to specified height and width or resize. An array can specify positioning of the crop area.

Default value: false


Reserved Image Size Names

‘thumb’, ‘thumbnail’, ‘medium’, ‘large’, ‘post-thumbnail’

The names “thumb” & “thumbnail” are just aliases- they are exactly the same.

For a detailed explanation and “why”, read further inside the image_downsize() article.

However, if needed, you can always set the options yourself:

update_option( 'thumbnail_size_w', 160 );
update_option( 'thumbnail_size_h', 160 );
update_option( 'thumbnail_crop', 1 );

Crop Mode

Set the image size by resizing the image proportionally (without distorting it):

add_image_size( 'custom-size', 220, 180 ); // 220 pixels wide by 180 pixels tall, soft proportional crop mode

Set the image size by cropping the image (not showing part of it):

add_image_size( 'custom-size', 220, 180, true ); // 220 pixels wide by 180 pixels tall, hard crop mode

Set the image size by cropping the image and defining a crop position:

add_image_size( 'custom-size', 220, 220, array( 'left', 'top' ) ); // Hard crop left top

When setting a crop position, the first value in the array is the x axis crop position, the second is the y axis crop position.

  • x_crop_position accepts ‘left’ ‘center’, or ‘right’.
  • y_crop_position accepts ‘top’, ‘center’, or ‘bottom’.

By default, these values default to ‘center’ when using hard crop mode.

You can find examples of the various crop types here.

Using the New Image Sizes

Now that you’ve defined some custom image sizes, there are a variety of ways that you can use them.
For Featured Images

To use your custom image sizes for a post’s featured image, you can use the_post_thumbnail() in the appropriate theme template file…

Note: To enable featured images the current theme must include add_theme_support( ‘post-thumbnails’ ); in its functions.php file. See also Post Thumbnails.

if ( has_post_thumbnail() ) { 
	the_post_thumbnail( 'your-custom-size' ); 

For Media Library Images (Admin)

You can also make your custom sizes selectable from your WordPress admin. To do so, you have to use the image_size_names_choose hook to assign them a normal, human-readable name…

add_filter( ‘image_size_names_choose’, ‘my_custom_sizes’ );

function my_custom_sizes( $sizes ) {
return array_merge( $sizes, array(
‘your-custom-size’ => __( ‘Your Custom Size Name’ ),
) );

For General Media (PHP/Templates)

You can output images (by size) directly from the WordPress Media Library using PHP as well. To do this, simply use wp_get_attachment_image().

// Assuming your Media Library image has a post id of 42...
<?php echo wp_get_attachment_image( 42, 'your-custom-size' ); ?>

Note: If you just want the image URL instead of a pre-built tag, you can use wp_get_attachment_image_src() instead.

Other Notes:

Using the ‘false’ setting will fail to produce a new image in the upload directory if one of the image dimensions of the uploaded image are equal to the new image size.

If a registered image size is removed from functions.php, then any image uploaded before that point and then deleted from the media library afterwards, does not have those auto-generated sizes deleted too. Only image sizes that exist in functions.php are deleted.

Although height and width are not required parameters, their default values (0) will lead to unwanted behavior, so bear in mind that you should always define them. As mentioned before, use a value of 9999 to define the other dimension as the one to be considered when image resize is executed.



function add_image_size( $name, $width = 0, $height = 0, $crop = false ) {
	global $_wp_additional_image_sizes;

	$_wp_additional_image_sizes[ $name ] = array(
		'width'  => absint( $width ),
		'height' => absint( $height ),
		'crop'   => $crop,


User Contributed Notes

  1. In a theme’s functions.php file. Always use the “after_setup_theme” action hook.

    add_action( 'after_setup_theme', 'wpdocs_theme_setup' );
    function wpdocs_theme_setup() {
    	add_image_size( 'category-thumb', 300 ); // 300 pixels wide (and unlimited height)
    	add_image_size( 'homepage-thumb', 220, 180, true ); // (cropped)

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