image_downsize( int $id, string|int[] $size = ‘medium’ ): array|false

Scales an image to fit a particular size (such as ‘thumb’ or ‘medium’).

Description

The URL might be the original image, or it might be a resized version. This function won’t create a new resized copy, it will just return an already resized one if it exists.

A plugin may use the ‘image_downsize’ filter to hook into and offer image resizing services for images. The hook must return an array with the same elements that are normally returned from the function.

Parameters

$idintrequired
Attachment ID for image.
$sizestring|int[]optional
Image size. Accepts any registered image size name, or an array of width and height values in pixels (in that order). Default 'medium'.

Default:'medium'

Return

array|false Array of image data, or boolean false if no image is available.
  • string
    Image source URL.
  • 1 int
    Image width in pixels.
  • 2 int
    Image height in pixels.
  • 3 bool
    Whether the image is a resized image.

Source

function image_downsize( $id, $size = 'medium' ) {
	$is_image = wp_attachment_is_image( $id );

	/**
	 * Filters whether to preempt the output of image_downsize().
	 *
	 * Returning a truthy value from the filter will effectively short-circuit
	 * down-sizing the image, returning that value instead.
	 *
	 * @since 2.5.0
	 *
	 * @param bool|array   $downsize Whether to short-circuit the image downsize.
	 * @param int          $id       Attachment ID for image.
	 * @param string|int[] $size     Requested image size. Can be any registered image size name, or
	 *                               an array of width and height values in pixels (in that order).
	 */
	$out = apply_filters( 'image_downsize', false, $id, $size );

	if ( $out ) {
		return $out;
	}

	$img_url          = wp_get_attachment_url( $id );
	$meta             = wp_get_attachment_metadata( $id );
	$width            = 0;
	$height           = 0;
	$is_intermediate  = false;
	$img_url_basename = wp_basename( $img_url );

	/*
	 * If the file isn't an image, attempt to replace its URL with a rendered image from its meta.
	 * Otherwise, a non-image type could be returned.
	 */
	if ( ! $is_image ) {
		if ( ! empty( $meta['sizes']['full'] ) ) {
			$img_url          = str_replace( $img_url_basename, $meta['sizes']['full']['file'], $img_url );
			$img_url_basename = $meta['sizes']['full']['file'];
			$width            = $meta['sizes']['full']['width'];
			$height           = $meta['sizes']['full']['height'];
		} else {
			return false;
		}
	}

	// Try for a new style intermediate size.
	$intermediate = image_get_intermediate_size( $id, $size );

	if ( $intermediate ) {
		$img_url         = str_replace( $img_url_basename, $intermediate['file'], $img_url );
		$width           = $intermediate['width'];
		$height          = $intermediate['height'];
		$is_intermediate = true;
	} elseif ( 'thumbnail' === $size && ! empty( $meta['thumb'] ) && is_string( $meta['thumb'] ) ) {
		// Fall back to the old thumbnail.
		$imagefile = get_attached_file( $id );
		$thumbfile = str_replace( wp_basename( $imagefile ), wp_basename( $meta['thumb'] ), $imagefile );

		if ( file_exists( $thumbfile ) ) {
			$info = wp_getimagesize( $thumbfile );

			if ( $info ) {
				$img_url         = str_replace( $img_url_basename, wp_basename( $thumbfile ), $img_url );
				$width           = $info[0];
				$height          = $info[1];
				$is_intermediate = true;
			}
		}
	}

	if ( ! $width && ! $height && isset( $meta['width'], $meta['height'] ) ) {
		// Any other type: use the real image.
		$width  = $meta['width'];
		$height = $meta['height'];
	}

	if ( $img_url ) {
		// We have the actual image size, but might need to further constrain it if content_width is narrower.
		list( $width, $height ) = image_constrain_size_for_editor( $width, $height, $size );

		return array( $img_url, $width, $height, $is_intermediate );
	}

	return false;
}

Changelog

VersionDescription
2.5.0Introduced.

User Contributed Notes

  1. Skip to note 2 content

    Add a function to select medium attachment images

    Maybe you already know wp_get_attachment_thumb_url() ;. Now I’m showing how to do the same thing to return the url for the medium sized attachment.

    function wp_get_attachment_medium_url( $id )
    {
        $medium_array = image_downsize( $id, 'medium' );
        $medium_path = $medium_array[0];
    
        return $medium_path;
    }

    $id is the ID of the attachment. This can be really useful for plugins like WP-Choose-Thumb. With this function you can get the medium sized previews.

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