wpdb

WordPress Database Access Abstraction Object


Description Description

It is possible to replace this class with your own by setting the $wpdb global variable in wp-content/db.php file to your class. The wpdb class will still be included, so you can extend it or simply use your own.


Source Source

File: wp-includes/wp-db.php

class wpdb {

	/**
	 * Whether to show SQL/DB errors.
	 *
	 * Default behavior is to show errors if both WP_DEBUG and WP_DEBUG_DISPLAY
	 * evaluated to true.
	 *
	 * @since 0.71
	 * @access private
	 * @var bool
	 */
	var $show_errors = false;

	/**
	 * Whether to suppress errors during the DB bootstrapping.
	 *
	 * @access private
	 * @since 2.5.0
	 * @var bool
	 */
	var $suppress_errors = false;

	/**
	 * The last error during query.
	 *
	 * @since 2.5.0
	 * @var string
	 */
	public $last_error = '';

	/**
	 * Amount of queries made
	 *
	 * @since 1.2.0
	 * @access public
	 * @var int
	 */
	public $num_queries = 0;

	/**
	 * Count of rows returned by previous query
	 *
	 * @since 0.71
	 * @access public
	 * @var int
	 */
	public $num_rows = 0;

	/**
	 * Count of affected rows by previous query
	 *
	 * @since 0.71
	 * @access private
	 * @var int
	 */
	var $rows_affected = 0;

	/**
	 * The ID generated for an AUTO_INCREMENT column by the previous query (usually INSERT).
	 *
	 * @since 0.71
	 * @access public
	 * @var int
	 */
	public $insert_id = 0;

	/**
	 * Last query made
	 *
	 * @since 0.71
	 * @access private
	 * @var array
	 */
	var $last_query;

	/**
	 * Results of the last query made
	 *
	 * @since 0.71
	 * @access private
	 * @var array|null
	 */
	var $last_result;

	/**
	 * MySQL result, which is either a resource or boolean.
	 *
	 * @since 0.71
	 * @access protected
	 * @var mixed
	 */
	protected $result;

	/**
	 * Cached column info, for sanity checking data before inserting
	 *
	 * @since 4.2.0
	 * @access protected
	 * @var array
	 */
	protected $col_meta = array();

	/**
	 * Calculated character sets on tables
	 *
	 * @since 4.2.0
	 * @access protected
	 * @var array
	 */
	protected $table_charset = array();

	/**
	 * Whether text fields in the current query need to be sanity checked.
	 *
	 * @since 4.2.0
	 * @access protected
	 * @var bool
	 */
	protected $check_current_query = true;

	/**
	 * Flag to ensure we don't run into recursion problems when checking the collation.
	 *
	 * @since 4.2.0
	 * @access private
	 * @see wpdb::check_safe_collation()
	 * @var bool
	 */
	private $checking_collation = false;

	/**
	 * Saved info on the table column
	 *
	 * @since 0.71
	 * @access protected
	 * @var array
	 */
	protected $col_info;

	/**
	 * Saved queries that were executed
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access private
	 * @var array
	 */
	var $queries;

	/**
	 * The number of times to retry reconnecting before dying.
	 *
	 * @since 3.9.0
	 * @access protected
	 * @see wpdb::check_connection()
	 * @var int
	 */
	protected $reconnect_retries = 5;

	/**
	 * WordPress table prefix
	 *
	 * You can set this to have multiple WordPress installations
	 * in a single database. The second reason is for possible
	 * security precautions.
	 *
	 * @since 2.5.0
	 * @access public
	 * @var string
	 */
	public $prefix = '';

	/**
	 * WordPress base table prefix.
	 *
	 * @since 3.0.0
	 * @access public
	 * @var string
	 */
	 public $base_prefix;

	/**
	 * Whether the database queries are ready to start executing.
	 *
	 * @since 2.3.2
	 * @access private
	 * @var bool
	 */
	var $ready = false;

	/**
	 * Blog ID.
	 *
	 * @since 3.0.0
	 * @access public
	 * @var int
	 */
	public $blogid = 0;

	/**
	 * Site ID.
	 *
	 * @since 3.0.0
	 * @access public
	 * @var int
	 */
	public $siteid = 0;

	/**
	 * List of WordPress per-blog tables
	 *
	 * @since 2.5.0
	 * @access private
	 * @see wpdb::tables()
	 * @var array
	 */
	var $tables = array( 'posts', 'comments', 'links', 'options', 'postmeta',
		'terms', 'term_taxonomy', 'term_relationships', 'termmeta', 'commentmeta' );

	/**
	 * List of deprecated WordPress tables
	 *
	 * categories, post2cat, and link2cat were deprecated in 2.3.0, db version 5539
	 *
	 * @since 2.9.0
	 * @access private
	 * @see wpdb::tables()
	 * @var array
	 */
	var $old_tables = array( 'categories', 'post2cat', 'link2cat' );

	/**
	 * List of WordPress global tables
	 *
	 * @since 3.0.0
	 * @access private
	 * @see wpdb::tables()
	 * @var array
	 */
	var $global_tables = array( 'users', 'usermeta' );

	/**
	 * List of Multisite global tables
	 *
	 * @since 3.0.0
	 * @access private
	 * @see wpdb::tables()
	 * @var array
	 */
	var $ms_global_tables = array( 'blogs', 'signups', 'site', 'sitemeta',
		'sitecategories', 'registration_log', 'blog_versions' );

	/**
	 * WordPress Comments table
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access public
	 * @var string
	 */
	public $comments;

	/**
	 * WordPress Comment Metadata table
	 *
	 * @since 2.9.0
	 * @access public
	 * @var string
	 */
	public $commentmeta;

	/**
	 * WordPress Links table
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access public
	 * @var string
	 */
	public $links;

	/**
	 * WordPress Options table
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access public
	 * @var string
	 */
	public $options;

	/**
	 * WordPress Post Metadata table
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access public
	 * @var string
	 */
	public $postmeta;

	/**
	 * WordPress Posts table
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access public
	 * @var string
	 */
	public $posts;

	/**
	 * WordPress Terms table
	 *
	 * @since 2.3.0
	 * @access public
	 * @var string
	 */
	public $terms;

	/**
	 * WordPress Term Relationships table
	 *
	 * @since 2.3.0
	 * @access public
	 * @var string
	 */
	public $term_relationships;

	/**
	 * WordPress Term Taxonomy table
	 *
	 * @since 2.3.0
	 * @access public
	 * @var string
	 */
	public $term_taxonomy;

	/**
	 * WordPress Term Meta table.
	 *
	 * @since 4.4.0
	 * @access public
	 * @var string
	 */
	public $termmeta;

	//
	// Global and Multisite tables
	//

	/**
	 * WordPress User Metadata table
	 *
	 * @since 2.3.0
	 * @access public
	 * @var string
	 */
	public $usermeta;

	/**
	 * WordPress Users table
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 * @access public
	 * @var string
	 */
	public $users;

	/**
	 * Multisite Blogs table
	 *
	 * @since 3.0.0
	 * @access public
	 * @var string
	 */
	public $blogs;

	/**
	 * Multisite Blog Versions table
	 *
	 * @since 3.0.0
	 * @access public
	 * @var string
	 */
	public $blog_versions;

	/**
	 * Multisite Registration Log table
	 *
	 * @since 3.0.0
	 * @access public
	 * @var string
	 */
	public $registration_log;

	/**
	 * Multisite Signups table
	 *
	 * @since 3.0.0
	 * @access public
	 * @var string
	 */
	public $signups;

	/**
	 * Multisite Sites table
	 *
	 * @since 3.0.0
	 * @access public
	 * @var string
	 */
	public $site;

	/**
	 * Multisite Sitewide Terms table
	 *
	 * @since 3.0.0
	 * @access public
	 * @var string
	 */
	public $sitecategories;

	/**
	 * Multisite Site Metadata table
	 *
	 * @since 3.0.0
	 * @access public
	 * @var string
	 */
	public $sitemeta;

	/**
	 * Format specifiers for DB columns. Columns not listed here default to %s. Initialized during WP load.
	 *
	 * Keys are column names, values are format types: 'ID' => '%d'
	 *
	 * @since 2.8.0
	 * @see wpdb::prepare()
	 * @see wpdb::insert()
	 * @see wpdb::update()
	 * @see wpdb::delete()
	 * @see wp_set_wpdb_vars()
	 * @access public
	 * @var array
	 */
	public $field_types = array();

	/**
	 * Database table columns charset
	 *
	 * @since 2.2.0
	 * @access public
	 * @var string
	 */
	public $charset;

	/**
	 * Database table columns collate
	 *
	 * @since 2.2.0
	 * @access public
	 * @var string
	 */
	public $collate;

	/**
	 * Database Username
	 *
	 * @since 2.9.0
	 * @access protected
	 * @var string
	 */
	protected $dbuser;

	/**
	 * Database Password
	 *
	 * @since 3.1.0
	 * @access protected
	 * @var string
	 */
	protected $dbpassword;

	/**
	 * Database Name
	 *
	 * @since 3.1.0
	 * @access protected
	 * @var string
	 */
	protected $dbname;

	/**
	 * Database Host
	 *
	 * @since 3.1.0
	 * @access protected
	 * @var string
	 */
	protected $dbhost;

	/**
	 * Database Handle
	 *
	 * @since 0.71
	 * @access protected
	 * @var string
	 */
	protected $dbh;

	/**
	 * A textual description of the last query/get_row/get_var call
	 *
	 * @since 3.0.0
	 * @access public
	 * @var string
	 */
	public $func_call;

	/**
	 * Whether MySQL is used as the database engine.
	 *
	 * Set in WPDB::db_connect() to true, by default. This is used when checking
	 * against the required MySQL version for WordPress. Normally, a replacement
	 * database drop-in (db.php) will skip these checks, but setting this to true
	 * will force the checks to occur.
	 *
	 * @since 3.3.0
	 * @access public
	 * @var bool
	 */
	public $is_mysql = null;

	/**
	 * A list of incompatible SQL modes.
	 *
	 * @since 3.9.0
	 * @access protected
	 * @var array
	 */
	protected $incompatible_modes = array( 'NO_ZERO_DATE', 'ONLY_FULL_GROUP_BY',
		'STRICT_TRANS_TABLES', 'STRICT_ALL_TABLES', 'TRADITIONAL' );

	/**
	 * Whether to use mysqli over mysql.
	 *
	 * @since 3.9.0
	 * @access private
	 * @var bool
	 */
	private $use_mysqli = false;

	/**
	 * Whether we've managed to successfully connect at some point
	 *
	 * @since 3.9.0
	 * @access private
	 * @var bool
	 */
	private $has_connected = false;

	/**
	 * Connects to the database server and selects a database
	 *
	 * PHP5 style constructor for compatibility with PHP5. Does
	 * the actual setting up of the class properties and connection
	 * to the database.
	 *
	 * @link https://core.trac.wordpress.org/ticket/3354
	 * @since 2.0.8
	 *
	 * @global string $wp_version
	 *
	 * @param string $dbuser     MySQL database user
	 * @param string $dbpassword MySQL database password
	 * @param string $dbname     MySQL database name
	 * @param string $dbhost     MySQL database host
	 */
	public function __construct( $dbuser, $dbpassword, $dbname, $dbhost ) {
		register_shutdown_function( array( $this, '__destruct' ) );

		if ( WP_DEBUG && WP_DEBUG_DISPLAY )
			$this->show_errors();

		/* Use ext/mysqli if it exists and:
		 *  - WP_USE_EXT_MYSQL is defined as false, or
		 *  - We are a development version of WordPress, or
		 *  - We are running PHP 5.5 or greater, or
		 *  - ext/mysql is not loaded.
		 */
		if ( function_exists( 'mysqli_connect' ) ) {
			if ( defined( 'WP_USE_EXT_MYSQL' ) ) {
				$this->use_mysqli = ! WP_USE_EXT_MYSQL;
			} elseif ( version_compare( phpversion(), '5.5', '>=' ) || ! function_exists( 'mysql_connect' ) ) {
				$this->use_mysqli = true;
			} elseif ( false !== strpos( $GLOBALS['wp_version'], '-' ) ) {
				$this->use_mysqli = true;
			}
		}

		$this->dbuser = $dbuser;
		$this->dbpassword = $dbpassword;
		$this->dbname = $dbname;
		$this->dbhost = $dbhost;

		// wp-config.php creation will manually connect when ready.
		if ( defined( 'WP_SETUP_CONFIG' ) ) {
			return;
		}

		$this->db_connect();
	}

	/**
	 * PHP5 style destructor and will run when database object is destroyed.
	 *
	 * @see wpdb::__construct()
	 * @since 2.0.8
	 * @return true
	 */
	public function __destruct() {
		return true;
	}

	/**
	 * Makes private properties readable for backward compatibility.
	 *
	 * @since 3.5.0
	 *
	 * @param string $name The private member to get, and optionally process
	 * @return mixed The private member
	 */
	public function __get( $name ) {
		if ( 'col_info' === $name )
			$this->load_col_info();

		return $this->$name;
	}

	/**
	 * Makes private properties settable for backward compatibility.
	 *
	 * @since 3.5.0
	 *
	 * @param string $name  The private member to set
	 * @param mixed  $value The value to set
	 */
	public function __set( $name, $value ) {
		$protected_members = array(
			'col_meta',
			'table_charset',
			'check_current_query',
		);
		if (  in_array( $name, $protected_members, true ) ) {
			return;
		}
		$this->$name = $value;
	}

	/**
	 * Makes private properties check-able for backward compatibility.
	 *
	 * @since 3.5.0
	 *
	 * @param string $name  The private member to check
	 *
	 * @return bool If the member is set or not
	 */
	public function __isset( $name ) {
		return isset( $this->$name );
	}

	/**
	 * Makes private properties un-settable for backward compatibility.
	 *
	 * @since 3.5.0
	 *
	 * @param string $name  The private member to unset
	 */
	public function __unset( $name ) {
		unset( $this->$name );
	}

	/**
	 * Set $this->charset and $this->collate
	 *
	 * @since 3.1.0
	 */
	public function init_charset() {
		$charset = '';
		$collate = '';

		if ( function_exists('is_multisite') && is_multisite() ) {
			$charset = 'utf8';
			if ( defined( 'DB_COLLATE' ) && DB_COLLATE ) {
				$collate = DB_COLLATE;
			} else {
				$collate = 'utf8_general_ci';
			}
		} elseif ( defined( 'DB_COLLATE' ) ) {
			$collate = DB_COLLATE;
		}

		if ( defined( 'DB_CHARSET' ) ) {
			$charset = DB_CHARSET;
		}

		$charset_collate = $this->determine_charset( $charset, $collate );

		$this->charset = $charset_collate['charset'];
		$this->collate = $charset_collate['collate'];
	}

	/**
	 * Determines the best charset and collation to use given a charset and collation.
	 *
	 * For example, when able, utf8mb4 should be used instead of utf8.
	 *
	 * @since 4.6.0
	 * @access public
	 *
	 * @param string $charset The character set to check.
	 * @param string $collate The collation to check.
	 * @return array The most appropriate character set and collation to use.
	 */
	public function determine_charset( $charset, $collate ) {
		if ( ( $this->use_mysqli && ! ( $this->dbh instanceof mysqli ) ) || empty( $this->dbh ) ) {
			return compact( 'charset', 'collate' );
		}

		if ( 'utf8' === $charset && $this->has_cap( 'utf8mb4' ) ) {
			$charset = 'utf8mb4';
		}

		if ( 'utf8mb4' === $charset && ! $this->has_cap( 'utf8mb4' ) ) {
			$charset = 'utf8';
			$collate = str_replace( 'utf8mb4_', 'utf8_', $collate );
		}

		if ( 'utf8mb4' === $charset ) {
			// _general_ is outdated, so we can upgrade it to _unicode_, instead.
			if ( ! $collate || 'utf8_general_ci' === $collate ) {
				$collate = 'utf8mb4_unicode_ci';
			} else {
				$collate = str_replace( 'utf8_', 'utf8mb4_', $collate );
			}
		}

		// _unicode_520_ is a better collation, we should use that when it's available.
		if ( $this->has_cap( 'utf8mb4_520' ) && 'utf8mb4_unicode_ci' === $collate ) {
			$collate = 'utf8mb4_unicode_520_ci';
		}

		return compact( 'charset', 'collate' );
	}

	/**
	 * Sets the connection's character set.
	 *
	 * @since 3.1.0
	 *
	 * @param resource $dbh     The resource given by mysql_connect
	 * @param string   $charset Optional. The character set. Default null.
	 * @param string   $collate Optional. The collation. Default null.
	 */
	public function set_charset( $dbh, $charset = null, $collate = null ) {
		if ( ! isset( $charset ) )
			$charset = $this->charset;
		if ( ! isset( $collate ) )
			$collate = $this->collate;
		if ( $this->has_cap( 'collation' ) && ! empty( $charset ) ) {
			$set_charset_succeeded = true;

			if ( $this->use_mysqli ) {
				if ( function_exists( 'mysqli_set_charset' ) && $this->has_cap( 'set_charset' ) ) {
					$set_charset_succeeded = mysqli_set_charset( $dbh, $charset );
				}

				if ( $set_charset_succeeded ) {
					$query = $this->prepare( 'SET NAMES %s', $charset );
					if ( ! empty( $collate ) )
						$query .= $this->prepare( ' COLLATE %s', $collate );
					mysqli_query( $dbh, $query );
				}
			} else {
				if ( function_exists( 'mysql_set_charset' ) && $this->has_cap( 'set_charset' ) ) {
					$set_charset_succeeded = mysql_set_charset( $charset, $dbh );
				}
				if ( $set_charset_succeeded ) {
					$query = $this->prepare( 'SET NAMES %s', $charset );
					if ( ! empty( $collate ) )
						$query .= $this->prepare( ' COLLATE %s', $collate );
					mysql_query( $query, $dbh );
				}
			}
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Change the current SQL mode, and ensure its WordPress compatibility.
	 *
	 * If no modes are passed, it will ensure the current MySQL server
	 * modes are compatible.
	 *
	 * @since 3.9.0
	 *
	 * @param array $modes Optional. A list of SQL modes to set.
	 */
	public function set_sql_mode( $modes = array() ) {
		if ( empty( $modes ) ) {
			if ( $this->use_mysqli ) {
				$res = mysqli_query( $this->dbh, 'SELECT @@SESSION.sql_mode' );
			} else {
				$res = mysql_query( 'SELECT @@SESSION.sql_mode', $this->dbh );
			}

			if ( empty( $res ) ) {
				return;
			}

			if ( $this->use_mysqli ) {
				$modes_array = mysqli_fetch_array( $res );
				if ( empty( $modes_array[0] ) ) {
					return;
				}
				$modes_str = $modes_array[0];
			} else {
				$modes_str = mysql_result( $res, 0 );
			}

			if ( empty( $modes_str ) ) {
				return;
			}

			$modes = explode( ',', $modes_str );
		}

		$modes = array_change_key_case( $modes, CASE_UPPER );

		/**
		 * Filters the list of incompatible SQL modes to exclude.
		 *
		 * @since 3.9.0
		 *
		 * @param array $incompatible_modes An array of incompatible modes.
		 */
		$incompatible_modes = (array) apply_filters( 'incompatible_sql_modes', $this->incompatible_modes );

		foreach ( $modes as $i => $mode ) {
			if ( in_array( $mode, $incompatible_modes ) ) {
				unset( $modes[ $i ] );
			}
		}

		$modes_str = implode( ',', $modes );

		if ( $this->use_mysqli ) {
			mysqli_query( $this->dbh, "SET SESSION sql_mode='$modes_str'" );
		} else {
			mysql_query( "SET SESSION sql_mode='$modes_str'", $this->dbh );
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Sets the table prefix for the WordPress tables.
	 *
	 * @since 2.5.0
	 *
	 * @param string $prefix          Alphanumeric name for the new prefix.
	 * @param bool   $set_table_names Optional. Whether the table names, e.g. wpdb::$posts, should be updated or not.
	 * @return string|WP_Error Old prefix or WP_Error on error
	 */
	public function set_prefix( $prefix, $set_table_names = true ) {

		if ( preg_match( '|[^a-z0-9_]|i', $prefix ) )
			return new WP_Error('invalid_db_prefix', 'Invalid database prefix' );

		$old_prefix = is_multisite() ? '' : $prefix;

		if ( isset( $this->base_prefix ) )
			$old_prefix = $this->base_prefix;

		$this->base_prefix = $prefix;

		if ( $set_table_names ) {
			foreach ( $this->tables( 'global' ) as $table => $prefixed_table )
				$this->$table = $prefixed_table;

			if ( is_multisite() && empty( $this->blogid ) )
				return $old_prefix;

			$this->prefix = $this->get_blog_prefix();

			foreach ( $this->tables( 'blog' ) as $table => $prefixed_table )
				$this->$table = $prefixed_table;

			foreach ( $this->tables( 'old' ) as $table => $prefixed_table )
				$this->$table = $prefixed_table;
		}
		return $old_prefix;
	}

	/**
	 * Sets blog id.
	 *
	 * @since 3.0.0
	 * @access public
	 *
	 * @param int $blog_id
	 * @param int $site_id Optional.
	 * @return int previous blog id
	 */
	public function set_blog_id( $blog_id, $site_id = 0 ) {
		if ( ! empty( $site_id ) )
			$this->siteid = $site_id;

		$old_blog_id  = $this->blogid;
		$this->blogid = $blog_id;

		$this->prefix = $this->get_blog_prefix();

		foreach ( $this->tables( 'blog' ) as $table => $prefixed_table )
			$this->$table = $prefixed_table;

		foreach ( $this->tables( 'old' ) as $table => $prefixed_table )
			$this->$table = $prefixed_table;

		return $old_blog_id;
	}

	/**
	 * Gets blog prefix.
	 *
	 * @since 3.0.0
	 * @param int $blog_id Optional.
	 * @return string Blog prefix.
	 */
	public function get_blog_prefix( $blog_id = null ) {
		if ( is_multisite() ) {
			if ( null === $blog_id )
				$blog_id = $this->blogid;
			$blog_id = (int) $blog_id;
			if ( defined( 'MULTISITE' ) && ( 0 == $blog_id || 1 == $blog_id ) )
				return $this->base_prefix;
			else
				return $this->base_prefix . $blog_id . '_';
		} else {
			return $this->base_prefix;
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Returns an array of WordPress tables.
	 *
	 * Also allows for the CUSTOM_USER_TABLE and CUSTOM_USER_META_TABLE to
	 * override the WordPress users and usermeta tables that would otherwise
	 * be determined by the prefix.
	 *
	 * The scope argument can take one of the following:
	 *
	 * 'all' - returns 'all' and 'global' tables. No old tables are returned.
	 * 'blog' - returns the blog-level tables for the queried blog.
	 * 'global' - returns the global tables for the installation, returning multisite tables only if running multisite.
	 * 'ms_global' - returns the multisite global tables, regardless if current installation is multisite.
	 * 'old' - returns tables which are deprecated.
	 *
	 * @since 3.0.0
	 * @uses wpdb::$tables
	 * @uses wpdb::$old_tables
	 * @uses wpdb::$global_tables
	 * @uses wpdb::$ms_global_tables
	 *
	 * @param string $scope   Optional. Can be all, global, ms_global, blog, or old tables. Defaults to all.
	 * @param bool   $prefix  Optional. Whether to include table prefixes. Default true. If blog
	 *                        prefix is requested, then the custom users and usermeta tables will be mapped.
	 * @param int    $blog_id Optional. The blog_id to prefix. Defaults to wpdb::$blogid. Used only when prefix is requested.
	 * @return array Table names. When a prefix is requested, the key is the unprefixed table name.
	 */
	public function tables( $scope = 'all', $prefix = true, $blog_id = 0 ) {
		switch ( $scope ) {
			case 'all' :
				$tables = array_merge( $this->global_tables, $this->tables );
				if ( is_multisite() )
					$tables = array_merge( $tables, $this->ms_global_tables );
				break;
			case 'blog' :
				$tables = $this->tables;
				break;
			case 'global' :
				$tables = $this->global_tables;
				if ( is_multisite() )
					$tables = array_merge( $tables, $this->ms_global_tables );
				break;
			case 'ms_global' :
				$tables = $this->ms_global_tables;
				break;
			case 'old' :
				$tables = $this->old_tables;
				break;
			default :
				return array();
		}

		if ( $prefix ) {
			if ( ! $blog_id )
				$blog_id = $this->blogid;
			$blog_prefix = $this->get_blog_prefix( $blog_id );
			$base_prefix = $this->base_prefix;
			$global_tables = array_merge( $this->global_tables, $this->ms_global_tables );
			foreach ( $tables as $k => $table ) {
				if ( in_array( $table, $global_tables ) )
					$tables[ $table ] = $base_prefix . $table;
				else
					$tables[ $table ] = $blog_prefix . $table;
				unset( $tables[ $k ] );
			}

			if ( isset( $tables['users'] ) && defined( 'CUSTOM_USER_TABLE' ) )
				$tables['users'] = CUSTOM_USER_TABLE;

			if ( isset( $tables['usermeta'] ) && defined( 'CUSTOM_USER_META_TABLE' ) )
				$tables['usermeta'] = CUSTOM_USER_META_TABLE;
		}

		return $tables;
	}

	/**
	 * Selects a database using the current database connection.
	 *
	 * The database name will be changed based on the current database
	 * connection. On failure, the execution will bail and display an DB error.
	 *
	 * @since 0.71
	 *
	 * @param string        $db  MySQL database name
	 * @param resource|null $dbh Optional link identifier.
	 */
	public function select( $db, $dbh = null ) {
		if ( is_null($dbh) )
			$dbh = $this->dbh;

		if ( $this->use_mysqli ) {
			$success = mysqli_select_db( $dbh, $db );
		} else {
			$success = mysql_select_db( $db, $dbh );
		}
		if ( ! $success ) {
			$this->ready = false;
			if ( ! did_action( 'template_redirect' ) ) {
				wp_load_translations_early();

				$message = '<h1>' . __( 'Can&#8217;t select database' ) . "</h1>\n";

				$message .= '<p>' . sprintf(
					/* translators: %s: database name */
					__( 'We were able to connect to the database server (which means your username and password is okay) but not able to select the %s database.' ),
					'<code>' . htmlspecialchars( $db, ENT_QUOTES ) . '</code>'
				) . "</p>\n";

				$message .= "<ul>\n";
				$message .= '<li>' . __( 'Are you sure it exists?' ) . "</li>\n";

				$message .= '<li>' . sprintf(
					/* translators: 1: database user, 2: database name */
					__( 'Does the user %1$s have permission to use the %2$s database?' ),
					'<code>' . htmlspecialchars( $this->dbuser, ENT_QUOTES )  . '</code>',
					'<code>' . htmlspecialchars( $db, ENT_QUOTES ) . '</code>'
				) . "</li>\n";

				$message .= '<li>' . sprintf(
					/* translators: %s: database name */
					__( 'On some systems the name of your database is prefixed with your username, so it would be like <code>username_%1$s</code>. Could that be the problem?' ),
					htmlspecialchars( $db, ENT_QUOTES )
				). "</li>\n";

				$message .= "</ul>\n";

				$message .= '<p>' . sprintf(
					/* translators: %s: support forums URL */
					__( 'If you don&#8217;t know how to set up a database you should <strong>contact your host</strong>. If all else fails you may find help at the <a href="%s">WordPress Support Forums</a>.' ),
					__( 'https://wordpress.org/support/' )
				) . "</p>\n";

				$this->bail( $message, 'db_select_fail' );
			}
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Do not use, deprecated.
	 *
	 * Use esc_sql() or wpdb::prepare() instead.
	 *
	 * @since 2.8.0
	 * @deprecated 3.6.0 Use wpdb::prepare()
	 * @see wpdb::prepare
	 * @see esc_sql()
	 * @access private
	 *
	 * @param string $string
	 * @return string
	 */
	function _weak_escape( $string ) {
		if ( func_num_args() === 1 && function_exists( '_deprecated_function' ) )
			_deprecated_function( __METHOD__, '3.6.0', 'wpdb::prepare() or esc_sql()' );
		return addslashes( $string );
	}

	/**
	 * Real escape, using mysqli_real_escape_string() or mysql_real_escape_string()
	 *
	 * @see mysqli_real_escape_string()
	 * @see mysql_real_escape_string()
	 * @since 2.8.0
	 * @access private
	 *
	 * @param  string $string to escape
	 * @return string escaped
	 */
	function _real_escape( $string ) {
		if ( $this->dbh ) {
			if ( $this->use_mysqli ) {
				return mysqli_real_escape_string( $this->dbh, $string );
			} else {
				return mysql_real_escape_string( $string, $this->dbh );
			}
		}

		$class = get_class( $this );
		if ( function_exists( '__' ) ) {
			/* translators: %s: database access abstraction class, usually wpdb or a class extending wpdb */
			_doing_it_wrong( $class, sprintf( __( '%s must set a database connection for use with escaping.' ), $class ), '3.6.0' );
		} else {
			_doing_it_wrong( $class, sprintf( '%s must set a database connection for use with escaping.', $class ), '3.6.0' );
		}
		return addslashes( $string );
	}

	/**
	 * Escape data. Works on arrays.
	 *
	 * @uses wpdb::_real_escape()
	 * @since  2.8.0
	 * @access public
	 *
	 * @param  string|array $data
	 * @return string|array escaped
	 */
	public function _escape( $data ) {
		if ( is_array( $data ) ) {
			foreach ( $data as $k => $v ) {
				if ( is_array( $v ) ) {
					$data[$k] = $this->_escape( $v );
				} else {
					$data[$k] = $this->_real_escape( $v );
				}
			}
		} else {
			$data = $this->_real_escape( $data );
		}

		return $data;
	}

	/**
	 * Do not use, deprecated.
	 *
	 * Use esc_sql() or wpdb::prepare() instead.
	 *
	 * @since 0.71
	 * @deprecated 3.6.0 Use wpdb::prepare()
	 * @see wpdb::prepare()
	 * @see esc_sql()
	 *
	 * @param mixed $data
	 * @return mixed
	 */
	public function escape( $data ) {
		if ( func_num_args() === 1 && function_exists( '_deprecated_function' ) )
			_deprecated_function( __METHOD__, '3.6.0', 'wpdb::prepare() or esc_sql()' );
		if ( is_array( $data ) ) {
			foreach ( $data as $k => $v ) {
				if ( is_array( $v ) )
					$data[$k] = $this->escape( $v, 'recursive' );
				else
					$data[$k] = $this->_weak_escape( $v, 'internal' );
			}
		} else {
			$data = $this->_weak_escape( $data, 'internal' );
		}

		return $data;
	}

	/**
	 * Escapes content by reference for insertion into the database, for security
	 *
	 * @uses wpdb::_real_escape()
	 *
	 * @since 2.3.0
	 *
	 * @param string $string to escape
	 */
	public function escape_by_ref( &$string ) {
		if ( ! is_float( $string ) )
			$string = $this->_real_escape( $string );
	}

	/**
	 * Prepares a SQL query for safe execution. Uses sprintf()-like syntax.
	 *
	 * The following directives can be used in the query format string:
	 *   %d (integer)
	 *   %f (float)
	 *   %s (string)
	 *   %% (literal percentage sign - no argument needed)
	 *
	 * All of %d, %f, and %s are to be left unquoted in the query string and they need an argument passed for them.
	 * Literals (%) as parts of the query must be properly written as %%.
	 *
	 * This function only supports a small subset of the sprintf syntax; it only supports %d (integer), %f (float), and %s (string).
	 * Does not support sign, padding, alignment, width or precision specifiers.
	 * Does not support argument numbering/swapping.
	 *
	 * May be called like {@link https://secure.php.net/sprintf sprintf()} or like {@link https://secure.php.net/vsprintf vsprintf()}.
	 *
	 * Both %d and %s should be left unquoted in the query string.
	 *
	 *     $wpdb->prepare( "SELECT * FROM `table` WHERE `column` = %s AND `field` = %d", 'foo', 1337 );
	 *     $wpdb->prepare( "SELECT DATE_FORMAT(`field`, '%%c') FROM `table` WHERE `column` = %s", 'foo' );
	 *
	 * @link https://secure.php.net/sprintf Description of syntax.
	 * @since 2.3.0
	 *
	 * @param string      $query    Query statement with sprintf()-like placeholders
	 * @param array|mixed $args     The array of variables to substitute into the query's placeholders if being called like
	 *                              {@link https://secure.php.net/vsprintf vsprintf()}, or the first variable to substitute into the query's placeholders if
	 *                              being called like {@link https://secure.php.net/sprintf sprintf()}.
	 * @param mixed       $args,... further variables to substitute into the query's placeholders if being called like
	 *                              {@link https://secure.php.net/sprintf sprintf()}.
	 * @return string|void Sanitized query string, if there is a query to prepare.
	 */
	public function prepare( $query, $args ) {
		if ( is_null( $query ) )
			return;

		// This is not meant to be foolproof -- but it will catch obviously incorrect usage.
		if ( strpos( $query, '%' ) === false ) {
			_doing_it_wrong( 'wpdb::prepare', sprintf( __( 'The query argument of %s must have a placeholder.' ), 'wpdb::prepare()' ), '3.9.0' );
		}

		$args = func_get_args();
		array_shift( $args );
		// If args were passed as an array (as in vsprintf), move them up
		if ( isset( $args[0] ) && is_array($args[0]) )
			$args = $args[0];
		$query = str_replace( "'%s'", '%s', $query ); // in case someone mistakenly already singlequoted it
		$query = str_replace( '"%s"', '%s', $query ); // doublequote unquoting
		$query = preg_replace( '|(?<!%)%f|' , '%F', $query ); // Force floats to be locale unaware
		$query = preg_replace( '|(?<!%)%s|', "'%s'", $query ); // quote the strings, avoiding escaped strings like %%s
		array_walk( $args, array( $this, 'escape_by_ref' ) );
		return @vsprintf( $query, $args );
	}

	/**
	 * First half of escaping for LIKE special characters % and _ before preparing for MySQL.
	 *
	 * Use this only before wpdb::prepare() or esc_sql().  Reversing the order is very bad for security.
	 *
	 * Example Prepared Statement:
	 *
	 *     $wild = '%';
	 *     $find = 'only 43% of planets';
	 *     $like = $wild . $wpdb->esc_like( $find ) . $wild;
	 *     $sql  = $wpdb->prepare( "SELECT * FROM $wpdb->posts WHERE post_content LIKE '%s'", $like );
	 *
	 * Example Escape Chain:
	 *
	 *     $sql  = esc_sql( $wpdb->esc_like( $input ) );
	 *
	 * @since 4.0.0
	 * @access public
	 *
	 * @param string $text The raw text to be escaped. The input typed by the user should have no
	 *                     extra or deleted slashes.
	 * @return string Text in the form of a LIKE phrase. The output is not SQL safe. Call $wpdb::prepare()
	 *                or real_escape next.
	 */
	public function esc_like( $text ) {
		return addcslashes( $text, '_%\\' );
	}

	/**
	 * Print SQL/DB error.
	 *
	 * @since 0.71
	 * @global array $EZSQL_ERROR Stores error information of query and error string
	 *
	 * @param string $str The error to display
	 * @return false|void False if the showing of errors is disabled.
	 */
	public function print_error( $str = '' ) {
		global $EZSQL_ERROR;

		if ( !$str ) {
			if ( $this->use_mysqli ) {
				$str = mysqli_error( $this->dbh );
			} else {
				$str = mysql_error( $this->dbh );
			}
		}
		$EZSQL_ERROR[] = array( 'query' => $this->last_query, 'error_str' => $str );

		if ( $this->suppress_errors )
			return false;

		wp_load_translations_early();

		if ( $caller = $this->get_caller() ) {
			/* translators: 1: Database error message, 2: SQL query, 3: Name of the calling function */
			$error_str = sprintf( __( 'WordPress database error %1$s for query %2$s made by %3$s' ), $str, $this->last_query, $caller );
		} else {
			/* translators: 1: Database error message, 2: SQL query */
			$error_str = sprintf( __( 'WordPress database error %1$s for query %2$s' ), $str, $this->last_query );
		}

		error_log( $error_str );

		// Are we showing errors?
		if ( ! $this->show_errors )
			return false;

		// If there is an error then take note of it
		if ( is_multisite() ) {
			$msg = sprintf(
				"%s [%s]\n%s\n",
				__( 'WordPress database error:' ),
				$str,
				$this->last_query
			);

			if ( defined( 'ERRORLOGFILE' ) ) {
				error_log( $msg, 3, ERRORLOGFILE );
			}
			if ( defined( 'DIEONDBERROR' ) ) {
				wp_die( $msg );
			}
		} else {
			$str   = htmlspecialchars( $str, ENT_QUOTES );
			$query = htmlspecialchars( $this->last_query, ENT_QUOTES );

			printf(
				'<div id="error"><p class="wpdberror"><strong>%s</strong> [%s]<br /><code>%s</code></p></div>',
				__( 'WordPress database error:' ),
				$str,
				$query
			);
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Enables showing of database errors.
	 *
	 * This function should be used only to enable showing of errors.
	 * wpdb::hide_errors() should be used instead for hiding of errors. However,
	 * this function can be used to enable and disable showing of database
	 * errors.
	 *
	 * @since 0.71
	 * @see wpdb::hide_errors()
	 *
	 * @param bool $show Whether to show or hide errors
	 * @return bool Old value for showing errors.
	 */
	public function show_errors( $show = true ) {
		$errors = $this->show_errors;
		$this->show_errors = $show;
		return $errors;
	}

	/**
	 * Disables showing of database errors.
	 *
	 * By default database errors are not shown.
	 *
	 * @since 0.71
	 * @see wpdb::show_errors()
	 *
	 * @return bool Whether showing of errors was active
	 */
	public function hide_errors() {
		$show = $this->show_errors;
		$this->show_errors = false;
		return $show;
	}

	/**
	 * Whether to suppress database errors.
	 *
	 * By default database errors are suppressed, with a simple
	 * call to this function they can be enabled.
	 *
	 * @since 2.5.0
	 * @see wpdb::hide_errors()
	 * @param bool $suppress Optional. New value. Defaults to true.
	 * @return bool Old value
	 */
	public function suppress_errors( $suppress = true ) {
		$errors = $this->suppress_errors;
		$this->suppress_errors = (bool) $suppress;
		return $errors;
	}

	/**
	 * Kill cached query results.
	 *
	 * @since 0.71
	 */
	public function flush() {
		$this->last_result = array();
		$this->col_info    = null;
		$this->last_query  = null;
		$this->rows_affected = $this->num_rows = 0;
		$this->last_error  = '';

		if ( $this->use_mysqli && $this->result instanceof mysqli_result ) {
			mysqli_free_result( $this->result );
			$this->result = null;

			// Sanity check before using the handle
			if ( empty( $this->dbh ) || !( $this->dbh instanceof mysqli ) ) {
				return;
			}

			// Clear out any results from a multi-query
			while ( mysqli_more_results( $this->dbh ) ) {
				mysqli_next_result( $this->dbh );
			}
		} elseif ( is_resource( $this->result ) ) {
			mysql_free_result( $this->result );
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Connect to and select database.
	 *
	 * If $allow_bail is false, the lack of database connection will need
	 * to be handled manually.
	 *
	 * @since 3.0.0
	 * @since 3.9.0 $allow_bail parameter added.
	 *
	 * @param bool $allow_bail Optional. Allows the function to bail. Default true.
	 * @return bool True with a successful connection, false on failure.
	 */
	public function db_connect( $allow_bail = true ) {
		$this->is_mysql = true;

		/*
		 * Deprecated in 3.9+ when using MySQLi. No equivalent
		 * $new_link parameter exists for mysqli_* functions.
		 */
		$new_link = defined( 'MYSQL_NEW_LINK' ) ? MYSQL_NEW_LINK : true;
		$client_flags = defined( 'MYSQL_CLIENT_FLAGS' ) ? MYSQL_CLIENT_FLAGS : 0;

		if ( $this->use_mysqli ) {
			$this->dbh = mysqli_init();

			// mysqli_real_connect doesn't support the host param including a port or socket
			// like mysql_connect does. This duplicates how mysql_connect detects a port and/or socket file.
			$port = null;
			$socket = null;
			$host = $this->dbhost;
			$port_or_socket = strstr( $host, ':' );
			if ( ! empty( $port_or_socket ) ) {
				$host = substr( $host, 0, strpos( $host, ':' ) );
				$port_or_socket = substr( $port_or_socket, 1 );
				if ( 0 !== strpos( $port_or_socket, '/' ) ) {
					$port = intval( $port_or_socket );
					$maybe_socket = strstr( $port_or_socket, ':' );
					if ( ! empty( $maybe_socket ) ) {
						$socket = substr( $maybe_socket, 1 );
					}
				} else {
					$socket = $port_or_socket;
				}
			}

			if ( WP_DEBUG ) {
				mysqli_real_connect( $this->dbh, $host, $this->dbuser, $this->dbpassword, null, $port, $socket, $client_flags );
			} else {
				@mysqli_real_connect( $this->dbh, $host, $this->dbuser, $this->dbpassword, null, $port, $socket, $client_flags );
			}

			if ( $this->dbh->connect_errno ) {
				$this->dbh = null;

				/* It's possible ext/mysqli is misconfigured. Fall back to ext/mysql if:
		 		 *  - We haven't previously connected, and
		 		 *  - WP_USE_EXT_MYSQL isn't set to false, and
		 		 *  - ext/mysql is loaded.
		 		 */
				$attempt_fallback = true;

				if ( $this->has_connected ) {
					$attempt_fallback = false;
				} elseif ( defined( 'WP_USE_EXT_MYSQL' ) && ! WP_USE_EXT_MYSQL ) {
					$attempt_fallback = false;
				} elseif ( ! function_exists( 'mysql_connect' ) ) {
					$attempt_fallback = false;
				}

				if ( $attempt_fallback ) {
					$this->use_mysqli = false;
					return $this->db_connect( $allow_bail );
				}
			}
		} else {
			if ( WP_DEBUG ) {
				$this->dbh = mysql_connect( $this->dbhost, $this->dbuser, $this->dbpassword, $new_link, $client_flags );
			} else {
				$this->dbh = @mysql_connect( $this->dbhost, $this->dbuser, $this->dbpassword, $new_link, $client_flags );
			}
		}

		if ( ! $this->dbh && $allow_bail ) {
			wp_load_translations_early();

			// Load custom DB error template, if present.
			if ( file_exists( WP_CONTENT_DIR . '/db-error.php' ) ) {
				require_once( WP_CONTENT_DIR . '/db-error.php' );
				die();
			}

			$message = '<h1>' . __( 'Error establishing a database connection' ) . "</h1>\n";

			$message .= '<p>' . sprintf(
				/* translators: 1: wp-config.php. 2: database host */
				__( 'This either means that the username and password information in your %1$s file is incorrect or we can&#8217;t contact the database server at %2$s. This could mean your host&#8217;s database server is down.' ),
				'<code>wp-config.php</code>',
				'<code>' . htmlspecialchars( $this->dbhost, ENT_QUOTES ) . '</code>'
			) . "</p>\n";

			$message .= "<ul>\n";
			$message .= '<li>' . __( 'Are you sure you have the correct username and password?' ) . "</li>\n";
			$message .= '<li>' . __( 'Are you sure that you have typed the correct hostname?' ) . "</li>\n";
			$message .= '<li>' . __( 'Are you sure that the database server is running?' ) . "</li>\n";
			$message .= "</ul>\n";

			$message .= '<p>' . sprintf(
				/* translators: %s: support forums URL */
				__( 'If you&#8217;re unsure what these terms mean you should probably contact your host. If you still need help you can always visit the <a href="%s">WordPress Support Forums</a>.' ),
				__( 'https://wordpress.org/support/' )
			) . "</p>\n";

			$this->bail( $message, 'db_connect_fail' );

			return false;
		} elseif ( $this->dbh ) {
			if ( ! $this->has_connected ) {
				$this->init_charset();
			}

			$this->has_connected = true;

			$this->set_charset( $this->dbh );

			$this->ready = true;
			$this->set_sql_mode();
			$this->select( $this->dbname, $this->dbh );

			return true;
		}

		return false;
	}

	/**
	 * Checks that the connection to the database is still up. If not, try to reconnect.
	 *
	 * If this function is unable to reconnect, it will forcibly die, or if after the
	 * the {@see 'template_redirect'} hook has been fired, return false instead.
	 *
	 * If $allow_bail is false, the lack of database connection will need
	 * to be handled manually.
	 *
	 * @since 3.9.0
	 *
	 * @param bool $allow_bail Optional. Allows the function to bail. Default true.
	 * @return bool|void True if the connection is up.
	 */
	public function check_connection( $allow_bail = true ) {
		if ( $this->use_mysqli ) {
			if ( ! empty( $this->dbh ) && mysqli_ping( $this->dbh ) ) {
				return true;
			}
		} else {
			if ( ! empty( $this->dbh ) && mysql_ping( $this->dbh ) ) {
				return true;
			}
		}

		$error_reporting = false;

		// Disable warnings, as we don't want to see a multitude of "unable to connect" messages
		if ( WP_DEBUG ) {
			$error_reporting = error_reporting();
			error_reporting( $error_reporting & ~E_WARNING );
		}

		for ( $tries = 1; $tries <= $this->reconnect_retries; $tries++ ) {
			// On the last try, re-enable warnings. We want to see a single instance of the
			// "unable to connect" message on the bail() screen, if it appears.
			if ( $this->reconnect_retries === $tries && WP_DEBUG ) {
				error_reporting( $error_reporting );
			}

			if ( $this->db_connect( false ) ) {
				if ( $error_reporting ) {
					error_reporting( $error_reporting );
				}

				return true;
			}

			sleep( 1 );
		}

		// If template_redirect has already happened, it's too late for wp_die()/dead_db().
		// Let's just return and hope for the best.
		if ( did_action( 'template_redirect' ) ) {
			return false;
		}

		if ( ! $allow_bail ) {
			return false;
		}

		wp_load_translations_early();

		$message = '<h1>' . __( 'Error reconnecting to the database' ) . "</h1>\n";

		$message .= '<p>' . sprintf(
			/* translators: %s: database host */
			__( 'This means that we lost contact with the database server at %s. This could mean your host&#8217;s database server is down.' ),
			'<code>' . htmlspecialchars( $this->dbhost, ENT_QUOTES ) . '</code>'
		) . "</p>\n";

		$message .= "<ul>\n";
		$message .= '<li>' . __( 'Are you sure that the database server is running?' ) . "</li>\n";
		$message .= '<li>' . __( 'Are you sure that the database server is not under particularly heavy load?' ) . "</li>\n";
		$message .= "</ul>\n";

		$message .= '<p>' . sprintf(
			/* translators: %s: support forums URL */
			__( 'If you&#8217;re unsure what these terms mean you should probably contact your host. If you still need help you can always visit the <a href="%s">WordPress Support Forums</a>.' ),
			__( 'https://wordpress.org/support/' )
		) . "</p>\n";

		// We weren't able to reconnect, so we better bail.
		$this->bail( $message, 'db_connect_fail' );

		// Call dead_db() if bail didn't die, because this database is no more. It has ceased to be (at least temporarily).
		dead_db();
	}

	/**
	 * Perform a MySQL database query, using current database connection.
	 *
	 * More information can be found on the codex page.
	 *
	 * @since 0.71
	 *
	 * @param string $query Database query
	 * @return int|false Number of rows affected/selected or false on error
	 */
	public function query( $query ) {
		if ( ! $this->ready ) {
			$this->check_current_query = true;
			return false;
		}

		/**
		 * Filters the database query.
		 *
		 * Some queries are made before the plugins have been loaded,
		 * and thus cannot be filtered with this method.
		 *
		 * @since 2.1.0
		 *
		 * @param string $query Database query.
		 */
		$query = apply_filters( 'query', $query );

		$this->flush();

		// Log how the function was called
		$this->func_call = "\$db->query(\"$query\")";

		// If we're writing to the database, make sure the query will write safely.
		if ( $this->check_current_query && ! $this->check_ascii( $query ) ) {
			$stripped_query = $this->strip_invalid_text_from_query( $query );
			// strip_invalid_text_from_query() can perform queries, so we need
			// to flush again, just to make sure everything is clear.
			$this->flush();
			if ( $stripped_query !== $query ) {
				$this->insert_id = 0;
				return false;
			}
		}

		$this->check_current_query = true;

		// Keep track of the last query for debug.
		$this->last_query = $query;

		$this->_do_query( $query );

		// MySQL server has gone away, try to reconnect.
		$mysql_errno = 0;
		if ( ! empty( $this->dbh ) ) {
			if ( $this->use_mysqli ) {
				if ( $this->dbh instanceof mysqli ) {
					$mysql_errno = mysqli_errno( $this->dbh );
				} else {
					// $dbh is defined, but isn't a real connection.
					// Something has gone horribly wrong, let's try a reconnect.
					$mysql_errno = 2006;
				}
			} else {
				if ( is_resource( $this->dbh ) ) {
					$mysql_errno = mysql_errno( $this->dbh );
				} else {
					$mysql_errno = 2006;
				}
			}
		}

		if ( empty( $this->dbh ) || 2006 == $mysql_errno ) {
			if ( $this->check_connection() ) {
				$this->_do_query( $query );
			} else {
				$this->insert_id = 0;
				return false;
			}
		}

		// If there is an error then take note of it.
		if ( $this->use_mysqli ) {
			if ( $this->dbh instanceof mysqli ) {
				$this->last_error = mysqli_error( $this->dbh );
			} else {
				$this->last_error = __( 'Unable to retrieve the error message from MySQL' );
			}
		} else {
			if ( is_resource( $this->dbh ) ) {
				$this->last_error = mysql_error( $this->dbh );
			} else {
				$this->last_error = __( 'Unable to retrieve the error message from MySQL' );
			}
		}

		if ( $this->last_error ) {
			// Clear insert_id on a subsequent failed insert.
			if ( $this->insert_id && preg_match( '/^\s*(insert|replace)\s/i', $query ) )
				$this->insert_id = 0;

			$this->print_error();
			return false;
		}

		if ( preg_match( '/^\s*(create|alter|truncate|drop)\s/i', $query ) ) {
			$return_val = $this->result;
		} elseif ( preg_match( '/^\s*(insert|delete|update|replace)\s/i', $query ) ) {
			if ( $this->use_mysqli ) {
				$this->rows_affected = mysqli_affected_rows( $this->dbh );
			} else {
				$this->rows_affected = mysql_affected_rows( $this->dbh );
			}
			// Take note of the insert_id
			if ( preg_match( '/^\s*(insert|replace)\s/i', $query ) ) {
				if ( $this->use_mysqli ) {
					$this->insert_id = mysqli_insert_id( $this->dbh );
				} else {
					$this->insert_id = mysql_insert_id( $this->dbh );
				}
			}
			// Return number of rows affected
			$return_val = $this->rows_affected;
		} else {
			$num_rows = 0;
			if ( $this->use_mysqli && $this->result instanceof mysqli_result ) {
				while ( $row = mysqli_fetch_object( $this->result ) ) {
					$this->last_result[$num_rows] = $row;
					$num_rows++;
				}
			} elseif ( is_resource( $this->result ) ) {
				while ( $row = mysql_fetch_object( $this->result ) ) {
					$this->last_result[$num_rows] = $row;
					$num_rows++;
				}
			}

			// Log number of rows the query returned
			// and return number of rows selected
			$this->num_rows = $num_rows;
			$return_val     = $num_rows;
		}

		return $return_val;
	}

	/**
	 * Internal function to perform the mysql_query() call.
	 *
	 * @since 3.9.0
	 *
	 * @access private
	 * @see wpdb::query()
	 *
	 * @param string $query The query to run.
	 */
	private function _do_query( $query ) {
		if ( defined( 'SAVEQUERIES' ) && SAVEQUERIES ) {
			$this->timer_start();
		}

		if ( ! empty( $this->dbh ) && $this->use_mysqli ) {
			$this->result = mysqli_query( $this->dbh, $query );
		} elseif ( ! empty( $this->dbh ) ) {
			$this->result = mysql_query( $query, $this->dbh );
		}
		$this->num_queries++;

		if ( defined( 'SAVEQUERIES' ) && SAVEQUERIES ) {
			$this->queries[] = array( $query, $this->timer_stop(), $this->get_caller() );
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Insert a row into a table.
	 *
	 *     wpdb::insert( 'table', array( 'column' => 'foo', 'field' => 'bar' ) )
	 *     wpdb::insert( 'table', array( 'column' => 'foo', 'field' => 1337 ), array( '%s', '%d' ) )
	 *
	 * @since 2.5.0
	 * @see wpdb::prepare()
	 * @see wpdb::$field_types
	 * @see wp_set_wpdb_vars()
	 *
	 * @param string       $table  Table name
	 * @param array        $data   Data to insert (in column => value pairs).
	 *                             Both $data columns and $data values should be "raw" (neither should be SQL escaped).
	 *                             Sending a null value will cause the column to be set to NULL - the corresponding format is ignored in this case.
	 * @param array|string $format Optional. An array of formats to be mapped to each of the value in $data.
	 *                             If string, that format will be used for all of the values in $data.
	 *                             A format is one of '%d', '%f', '%s' (integer, float, string).
	 *                             If omitted, all values in $data will be treated as strings unless otherwise specified in wpdb::$field_types.
	 * @return int|false The number of rows inserted, or false on error.
	 */
	public function insert( $table, $data, $format = null ) {
		return $this->_insert_replace_helper( $table, $data, $format, 'INSERT' );
	}

	/**
	 * Replace a row into a table.
	 *
	 *     wpdb::replace( 'table', array( 'column' => 'foo', 'field' => 'bar' ) )
	 *     wpdb::replace( 'table', array( 'column' => 'foo', 'field' => 1337 ), array( '%s', '%d' ) )
	 *
	 * @since 3.0.0
	 * @see wpdb::prepare()
	 * @see wpdb::$field_types
	 * @see wp_set_wpdb_vars()
	 *
	 * @param string       $table  Table name
	 * @param array        $data   Data to insert (in column => value pairs).
	 *                             Both $data columns and $data values should be "raw" (neither should be SQL escaped).
	 *                             Sending a null value will cause the column to be set to NULL - the corresponding format is ignored in this case.
	 * @param array|string $format Optional. An array of formats to be mapped to each of the value in $data.
	 *                             If string, that format will be used for all of the values in $data.
	 *                             A format is one of '%d', '%f', '%s' (integer, float, string).
	 *                             If omitted, all values in $data will be treated as strings unless otherwise specified in wpdb::$field_types.
	 * @return int|false The number of rows affected, or false on error.
	 */
	public function replace( $table, $data, $format = null ) {
		return $this->_insert_replace_helper( $table, $data, $format, 'REPLACE' );
	}

	/**
	 * Helper function for insert and replace.
	 *
	 * Runs an insert or replace query based on $type argument.
	 *
	 * @access private
	 * @since 3.0.0
	 * @see wpdb::prepare()
	 * @see wpdb::$field_types
	 * @see wp_set_wpdb_vars()
	 *
	 * @param string       $table  Table name
	 * @param array        $data   Data to insert (in column => value pairs).
	 *                             Both $data columns and $data values should be "raw" (neither should be SQL escaped).
	 *                             Sending a null value will cause the column to be set to NULL - the corresponding format is ignored in this case.
	 * @param array|string $format Optional. An array of formats to be mapped to each of the value in $data.
	 *                             If string, that format will be used for all of the values in $data.
	 *                             A format is one of '%d', '%f', '%s' (integer, float, string).
	 *                             If omitted, all values in $data will be treated as strings unless otherwise specified in wpdb::$field_types.
	 * @param string $type         Optional. What type of operation is this? INSERT or REPLACE. Defaults to INSERT.
	 * @return int|false The number of rows affected, or false on error.
	 */
	function _insert_replace_helper( $table, $data, $format = null, $type = 'INSERT' ) {
		$this->insert_id = 0;

		if ( ! in_array( strtoupper( $type ), array( 'REPLACE', 'INSERT' ) ) ) {
			return false;
		}

		$data = $this->process_fields( $table, $data, $format );
		if ( false === $data ) {
			return false;
		}

		$formats = $values = array();
		foreach ( $data as $value ) {
			if ( is_null( $value['value'] ) ) {
				$formats[] = 'NULL';
				continue;
			}

			$formats[] = $value['format'];
			$values[]  = $value['value'];
		}

		$fields  = '`' . implode( '`, `', array_keys( $data ) ) . '`';
		$formats = implode( ', ', $formats );

		$sql = "$type INTO `$table` ($fields) VALUES ($formats)";

		$this->check_current_query = false;
		return $this->query( $this->prepare( $sql, $values ) );
	}

	/**
	 * Update a row in the table
	 *
	 *     wpdb::update( 'table', array( 'column' => 'foo', 'field' => 'bar' ), array( 'ID' => 1 ) )
	 *     wpdb::update( 'table', array( 'column' => 'foo', 'field' => 1337 ), array( 'ID' => 1 ), array( '%s', '%d' ), array( '%d' ) )
	 *
	 * @since 2.5.0
	 * @see wpdb::prepare()
	 * @see wpdb::$field_types
	 * @see wp_set_wpdb_vars()
	 *
	 * @param string       $table        Table name
	 * @param array        $data         Data to update (in column => value pairs).
	 *                                   Both $data columns and $data values should be "raw" (neither should be SQL escaped).
	 *                                   Sending a null value will cause the column to be set to NULL - the corresponding
	 *                                   format is ignored in this case.
	 * @param array        $where        A named array of WHERE clauses (in column => value pairs).
	 *                                   Multiple clauses will be joined with ANDs.
	 *                                   Both $where columns and $where values should be "raw".
	 *                                   Sending a null value will create an IS NULL comparison - the corresponding format will be ignored in this case.
	 * @param array|string $format       Optional. An array of formats to be mapped to each of the values in $data.
	 *                                   If string, that format will be used for all of the values in $data.
	 *                                   A format is one of '%d', '%f', '%s' (integer, float, string).
	 *                                   If omitted, all values in $data will be treated as strings unless otherwise specified in wpdb::$field_types.
	 * @param array|string $where_format Optional. An array of formats to be mapped to each of the values in $where.
	 *                                   If string, that format will be used for all of the items in $where.
	 *                                   A format is one of '%d', '%f', '%s' (integer, float, string).
	 *                                   If omitted, all values in $where will be treated as strings.
	 * @return int|false The number of rows updated, or false on error.
	 */
	public function update( $table, $data, $where, $format = null, $where_format = null ) {
		if ( ! is_array( $data ) || ! is_array( $where ) ) {
			return false;
		}

		$data = $this->process_fields( $table, $data, $format );
		if ( false === $data ) {
			return false;
		}
		$where = $this->process_fields( $table, $where, $where_format );
		if ( false === $where ) {
			return false;
		}

		$fields = $conditions = $values = array();
		foreach ( $data as $field => $value ) {
			if ( is_null( $value['value'] ) ) {
				$fields[] = "`$field` = NULL";
				continue;
			}

			$fields[] = "`$field` = " . $value['format'];
			$values[] = $value['value'];
		}
		foreach ( $where as $field => $value ) {
			if ( is_null( $value['value'] ) ) {
				$conditions[] = "`$field` IS NULL";
				continue;
			}

			$conditions[] = "`$field` = " . $value['format'];
			$values[] = $value['value'];
		}

		$fields = implode( ', ', $fields );
		$conditions = implode( ' AND ', $conditions );

		$sql = "UPDATE `$table` SET $fields WHERE $conditions";

		$this->check_current_query = false;
		return $this->query( $this->prepare( $sql, $values ) );
	}

	/**
	 * Delete a row in the table
	 *
	 *     wpdb::delete( 'table', array( 'ID' => 1 ) )
	 *     wpdb::delete( 'table', array( 'ID' => 1 ), array( '%d' ) )
	 *
	 * @since 3.4.0
	 * @see wpdb::prepare()
	 * @see wpdb::$field_types
	 * @see wp_set_wpdb_vars()
	 *
	 * @param string       $table        Table name
	 * @param array        $where        A named array of WHERE clauses (in column => value pairs).
	 *                                   Multiple clauses will be joined with ANDs.
	 *                                   Both $where columns and $where values should be "raw".
	 *                                   Sending a null value will create an IS NULL comparison - the corresponding format will be ignored in this case.
	 * @param array|string $where_format Optional. An array of formats to be mapped to each of the values in $where.
	 *                                   If string, that format will be used for all of the items in $where.
	 *                                   A format is one of '%d', '%f', '%s' (integer, float, string).
	 *                                   If omitted, all values in $where will be treated as strings unless otherwise specified in wpdb::$field_types.
	 * @return int|false The number of rows updated, or false on error.
	 */
	public function delete( $table, $where, $where_format = null ) {
		if ( ! is_array( $where ) ) {
			return false;
		}

		$where = $this->process_fields( $table, $where, $where_format );
		if ( false === $where ) {
			return false;
		}

		$conditions = $values = array();
		foreach ( $where as $field => $value ) {
			if ( is_null( $value['value'] ) ) {
				$conditions[] = "`$field` IS NULL";
				continue;
			}

			$conditions[] = "`$field` = " . $value['format'];
			$values[] = $value['value'];
		}

		$conditions = implode( ' AND ', $conditions );

		$sql = "DELETE FROM `$table` WHERE $conditions";

		$this->check_current_query = false;
		return $this->query( $this->prepare( $sql, $values ) );
	}

	/**
	 * Processes arrays of field/value pairs and field formats.
	 *
	 * This is a helper method for wpdb's CRUD methods, which take field/value
	 * pairs for inserts, updates, and where clauses. This method first pairs
	 * each value with a format. Then it determines the charset of that field,
	 * using that to determine if any invalid text would be stripped. If text is
	 * stripped, then field processing is rejected and the query fails.
	 *
	 * @since 4.2.0
	 * @access protected
	 *
	 * @param string $table  Table name.
	 * @param array  $data   Field/value pair.
	 * @param mixed  $format Format for each field.
	 * @return array|false Returns an array of fields that contain paired values
	 *                    and formats. Returns false for invalid values.
	 */
	protected function process_fields( $table, $data, $format ) {
		$data = $this->process_field_formats( $data, $format );
		if ( false === $data ) {
			return false;
		}

		$data = $this->process_field_charsets( $data, $table );
		if ( false === $data ) {
			return false;
		}

		$data = $this->process_field_lengths( $data, $table );
		if ( false === $data ) {
			return false;
		}

		$converted_data = $this->strip_invalid_text( $data );

		if ( $data !== $converted_data ) {
			return false;
		}

		return $data;
	}

	/**
	 * Prepares arrays of value/format pairs as passed to wpdb CRUD methods.
	 *
	 * @since 4.2.0
	 * @access protected
	 *
	 * @param array $data   Array of fields to values.
	 * @param mixed $format Formats to be mapped to the values in $data.
	 * @return array Array, keyed by field names with values being an array
	 *               of 'value' and 'format' keys.
	 */
	protected function process_field_formats( $data, $format ) {
		$formats = $original_formats = (array) $format;

		foreach ( $data as $field => $value ) {
			$value = array(
				'value'  => $value,
				'format' => '%s',
			);

			if ( ! empty( $format ) ) {
				$value['format'] = array_shift( $formats );
				if ( ! $value['format'] ) {
					$value['format'] = reset( $original_formats );
				}
			} elseif ( isset( $this->field_types[ $field ] ) ) {
				$value['format'] = $this->field_types[ $field ];
			}

			$data[ $field ] = $value;
		}

		return $data;
	}

	/**
	 * Adds field charsets to field/value/format arrays generated by
	 * the wpdb::process_field_formats() method.
	 *
	 * @since 4.2.0
	 * @access protected
	 *
	 * @param array  $data  As it comes from the wpdb::process_field_formats() method.
	 * @param string $table Table name.
	 * @return array|false The same array as $data with additional 'charset' keys.
	 */
	protected function process_field_charsets( $data, $table ) {
		foreach ( $data as $field => $value ) {
			if ( '%d' === $value['format'] || '%f' === $value['format'] ) {
				/*
				 * We can skip this field if we know it isn't a string.
				 * This checks %d/%f versus ! %s because its sprintf() could take more.
				 */
				$value['charset'] = false;
			} else {
				$value['charset'] = $this->get_col_charset( $table, $field );
				if ( is_wp_error( $value['charset'] ) ) {
					return false;
				}
			}

			$data[ $field ] = $value;
		}

		return $data;
	}

	/**
	 * For string fields, record the maximum string length that field can safely save.
	 *
	 * @since 4.2.1
	 * @access protected
	 *
	 * @param array  $data  As it comes from the wpdb::process_field_charsets() method.
	 * @param string $table Table name.
	 * @return array|false The same array as $data with additional 'length' keys, or false if
	 *                     any of the values were too long for their corresponding field.
	 */
	protected function process_field_lengths( $data, $table ) {
		foreach ( $data as $field => $value ) {
			if ( '%d' === $value['format'] || '%f' === $value['format'] ) {
				/*
				 * We can skip this field if we know it isn't a string.
				 * This checks %d/%f versus ! %s because its sprintf() could take more.
				 */
				$value['length'] = false;
			} else {
				$value['length'] = $this->get_col_length( $table, $field );
				if ( is_wp_error( $value['length'] ) ) {
					return false;
				}
			}

			$data[ $field ] = $value;
		}

		return $data;
	}

	/**
	 * Retrieve one variable from the database.
	 *
	 * Executes a SQL query and returns the value from the SQL result.
	 * If the SQL result contains more than one column and/or more than one row, this function returns the value in the column and row specified.
	 * If $query is null, this function returns the value in the specified column and row from the previous SQL result.
	 *
	 * @since 0.71
	 *
	 * @param string|null $query Optional. SQL query. Defaults to null, use the result from the previous query.
	 * @param int         $x     Optional. Column of value to return. Indexed from 0.
	 * @param int         $y     Optional. Row of value to return. Indexed from 0.
	 * @return string|null Database query result (as string), or null on failure
	 */
	public function get_var( $query = null, $x = 0, $y = 0 ) {
		$this->func_call = "\$db->get_var(\"$query\", $x, $y)";

		if ( $this->check_current_query && $this->check_safe_collation( $query ) ) {
			$this->check_current_query = false;
		}

		if ( $query ) {
			$this->query( $query );
		}

		// Extract var out of cached results based x,y vals
		if ( !empty( $this->last_result[$y] ) ) {
			$values = array_values( get_object_vars( $this->last_result[$y] ) );
		}

		// If there is a value return it else return null
		return ( isset( $values[$x] ) && $values[$x] !== '' ) ? $values[$x] : null;
	}

	/**
	 * Retrieve one row from the database.
	 *
	 * Executes a SQL query and returns the row from the SQL result.
	 *
	 * @since 0.71
	 *
	 * @param string|null $query  SQL query.
	 * @param string      $output Optional. The required return type. One of OBJECT, ARRAY_A, or ARRAY_N, which correspond to
	 *                            an stdClass object, an associative array, or a numeric array, respectively. Default OBJECT.
	 * @param int         $y      Optional. Row to return. Indexed from 0.
	 * @return array|object|null|void Database query result in format specified by $output or null on failure
	 */
	public function get_row( $query = null, $output = OBJECT, $y = 0 ) {
		$this->func_call = "\$db->get_row(\"$query\",$output,$y)";

		if ( $this->check_current_query && $this->check_safe_collation( $query ) ) {
			$this->check_current_query = false;
		}

		if ( $query ) {
			$this->query( $query );
		} else {
			return null;
		}

		if ( !isset( $this->last_result[$y] ) )
			return null;

		if ( $output == OBJECT ) {
			return $this->last_result[$y] ? $this->last_result[$y] : null;
		} elseif ( $output == ARRAY_A ) {
			return $this->last_result[$y] ? get_object_vars( $this->last_result[$y] ) : null;
		} elseif ( $output == ARRAY_N ) {
			return $this->last_result[$y] ? array_values( get_object_vars( $this->last_result[$y] ) ) : null;
		} elseif ( strtoupper( $output ) === OBJECT ) {
			// Back compat for OBJECT being previously case insensitive.
			return $this->last_result[$y] ? $this->last_result[$y] : null;
		} else {
			$this->print_error( " \$db->get_row(string query, output type, int offset) -- Output type must be one of: OBJECT, ARRAY_A, ARRAY_N" );
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Retrieve one column from the database.
	 *
	 * Executes a SQL query and returns the column from the SQL result.
	 * If the SQL result contains more than one column, this function returns the column specified.
	 * If $query is null, this function returns the specified column from the previous SQL result.
	 *
	 * @since 0.71
	 *
	 * @param string|null $query Optional. SQL query. Defaults to previous query.
	 * @param int         $x     Optional. Column to return. Indexed from 0.
	 * @return array Database query result. Array indexed from 0 by SQL result row number.
	 */
	public function get_col( $query = null , $x = 0 ) {
		if ( $this->check_current_query && $this->check_safe_collation( $query ) ) {
			$this->check_current_query = false;
		}

		if ( $query ) {
			$this->query( $query );
		}

		$new_array = array();
		// Extract the column values
		for ( $i = 0, $j = count( $this->last_result ); $i < $j; $i++ ) {
			$new_array[$i] = $this->get_var( null, $x, $i );
		}
		return $new_array;
	}

	/**
	 * Retrieve an entire SQL result set from the database (i.e., many rows)
	 *
	 * Executes a SQL query and returns the entire SQL result.
	 *
	 * @since 0.71
	 *
	 * @param string $query  SQL query.
	 * @param string $output Optional. Any of ARRAY_A | ARRAY_N | OBJECT | OBJECT_K constants.
	 *                       With one of the first three, return an array of rows indexed from 0 by SQL result row number.
	 *                       Each row is an associative array (column => value, ...), a numerically indexed array (0 => value, ...), or an object. ( ->column = value ), respectively.
	 *                       With OBJECT_K, return an associative array of row objects keyed by the value of each row's first column's value.
	 *                       Duplicate keys are discarded.
	 * @return array|object|null Database query results
	 */
	public function get_results( $query = null, $output = OBJECT ) {
		$this->func_call = "\$db->get_results(\"$query\", $output)";

		if ( $this->check_current_query && $this->check_safe_collation( $query ) ) {
			$this->check_current_query = false;
		}

		if ( $query ) {
			$this->query( $query );
		} else {
			return null;
		}

		$new_array = array();
		if ( $output == OBJECT ) {
			// Return an integer-keyed array of row objects
			return $this->last_result;
		} elseif ( $output == OBJECT_K ) {
			// Return an array of row objects with keys from column 1
			// (Duplicates are discarded)
			foreach ( $this->last_result as $row ) {
				$var_by_ref = get_object_vars( $row );
				$key = array_shift( $var_by_ref );
				if ( ! isset( $new_array[ $key ] ) )
					$new_array[ $key ] = $row;
			}
			return $new_array;
		} elseif ( $output == ARRAY_A || $output == ARRAY_N ) {
			// Return an integer-keyed array of...
			if ( $this->last_result ) {
				foreach ( (array) $this->last_result as $row ) {
					if ( $output == ARRAY_N ) {
						// ...integer-keyed row arrays
						$new_array[] = array_values( get_object_vars( $row ) );
					} else {
						// ...column name-keyed row arrays
						$new_array[] = get_object_vars( $row );
					}
				}
			}
			return $new_array;
		} elseif ( strtoupper( $output ) === OBJECT ) {
			// Back compat for OBJECT being previously case insensitive.
			return $this->last_result;
		}
		return null;
	}

	/**
	 * Retrieves the character set for the given table.
	 *
	 * @since 4.2.0
	 * @access protected
	 *
	 * @param string $table Table name.
	 * @return string|WP_Error Table character set, WP_Error object if it couldn't be found.
	 */
	protected function get_table_charset( $table ) {
		$tablekey = strtolower( $table );

		/**
		 * Filters the table charset value before the DB is checked.
		 *
		 * Passing a non-null value to the filter will effectively short-circuit
		 * checking the DB for the charset, returning that value instead.
		 *
		 * @since 4.2.0
		 *
		 * @param string $charset The character set to use. Default null.
		 * @param string $table   The name of the table being checked.
		 */
		$charset = apply_filters( 'pre_get_table_charset', null, $table );
		if ( null !== $charset ) {
			return $charset;
		}

		if ( isset( $this->table_charset[ $tablekey ] ) ) {
			return $this->table_charset[ $tablekey ];
		}

		$charsets = $columns = array();

		$table_parts = explode( '.', $table );
		$table = '`' . implode( '`.`', $table_parts ) . '`';
		$results = $this->get_results( "SHOW FULL COLUMNS FROM $table" );
		if ( ! $results ) {
			return new WP_Error( 'wpdb_get_table_charset_failure' );
		}

		foreach ( $results as $column ) {
			$columns[ strtolower( $column->Field ) ] = $column;
		}

		$this->col_meta[ $tablekey ] = $columns;

		foreach ( $columns as $column ) {
			if ( ! empty( $column->Collation ) ) {
				list( $charset ) = explode( '_', $column->Collation );

				// If the current connection can't support utf8mb4 characters, let's only send 3-byte utf8 characters.
				if ( 'utf8mb4' === $charset && ! $this->has_cap( 'utf8mb4' ) ) {
					$charset = 'utf8';
				}

				$charsets[ strtolower( $charset ) ] = true;
			}

			list( $type ) = explode( '(', $column->Type );

			// A binary/blob means the whole query gets treated like this.
			if ( in_array( strtoupper( $type ), array( 'BINARY', 'VARBINARY', 'TINYBLOB', 'MEDIUMBLOB', 'BLOB', 'LONGBLOB' ) ) ) {
				$this->table_charset[ $tablekey ] = 'binary';
				return 'binary';
			}
		}

		// utf8mb3 is an alias for utf8.
		if ( isset( $charsets['utf8mb3'] ) ) {
			$charsets['utf8'] = true;
			unset( $charsets['utf8mb3'] );
		}

		// Check if we have more than one charset in play.
		$count = count( $charsets );
		if ( 1 === $count ) {
			$charset = key( $charsets );
		} elseif ( 0 === $count ) {
			// No charsets, assume this table can store whatever.
			$charset = false;
		} else {
			// More than one charset. Remove latin1 if present and recalculate.
			unset( $charsets['latin1'] );
			$count = count( $charsets );
			if ( 1 === $count ) {
				// Only one charset (besides latin1).
				$charset = key( $charsets );
			} elseif ( 2 === $count && isset( $charsets['utf8'], $charsets['utf8mb4'] ) ) {
				// Two charsets, but they're utf8 and utf8mb4, use utf8.
				$charset = 'utf8';
			} else {
				// Two mixed character sets. ascii.
				$charset = 'ascii';
			}
		}

		$this->table_charset[ $tablekey ] = $charset;
		return $charset;
	}

	/**
	 * Retrieves the character set for the given column.
	 *
	 * @since 4.2.0
	 * @access public
	 *
	 * @param string $table  Table name.
	 * @param string $column Column name.
	 * @return string|false|WP_Error Column character set as a string. False if the column has no
	 *                               character set. WP_Error object if there was an error.
	 */
	public function get_col_charset( $table, $column ) {
		$tablekey = strtolower( $table );
		$columnkey = strtolower( $column );

		/**
		 * Filters the column charset value before the DB is checked.
		 *
		 * Passing a non-null value to the filter will short-circuit
		 * checking the DB for the charset, returning that value instead.
		 *
		 * @since 4.2.0
		 *
		 * @param string $charset The character set to use. Default null.
		 * @param string $table   The name of the table being checked.
		 * @param string $column  The name of the column being checked.
		 */
		$charset = apply_filters( 'pre_get_col_charset', null, $table, $column );
		if ( null !== $charset ) {
			return $charset;
		}

		// Skip this entirely if this isn't a MySQL database.
		if ( empty( $this->is_mysql ) ) {
			return false;
		}

		if ( empty( $this->table_charset[ $tablekey ] ) ) {
			// This primes column information for us.
			$table_charset = $this->get_table_charset( $table );
			if ( is_wp_error( $table_charset ) ) {
				return $table_charset;
			}
		}

		// If still no column information, return the table charset.
		if ( empty( $this->col_meta[ $tablekey ] ) ) {
			return $this->table_charset[ $tablekey ];
		}

		// If this column doesn't exist, return the table charset.
		if ( empty( $this->col_meta[ $tablekey ][ $columnkey ] ) ) {
			return $this->table_charset[ $tablekey ];
		}

		// Return false when it's not a string column.
		if ( empty( $this->col_meta[ $tablekey ][ $columnkey ]->Collation ) ) {
			return false;
		}

		list( $charset ) = explode( '_', $this->col_meta[ $tablekey ][ $columnkey ]->Collation );
		return $charset;
	}

	/**
	 * Retrieve the maximum string length allowed in a given column.
	 * The length may either be specified as a byte length or a character length.
	 *
	 * @since 4.2.1
	 * @access public
	 *
	 * @param string $table  Table name.
	 * @param string $column Column name.
	 * @return array|false|WP_Error array( 'length' => (int), 'type' => 'byte' | 'char' )
	 *                              false if the column has no length (for example, numeric column)
	 *                              WP_Error object if there was an error.
	 */
	public function get_col_length( $table, $column ) {
		$tablekey = strtolower( $table );
		$columnkey = strtolower( $column );

		// Skip this entirely if this isn't a MySQL database.
		if ( empty( $this->is_mysql ) ) {
			return false;
		}

		if ( empty( $this->col_meta[ $tablekey ] ) ) {
			// This primes column information for us.
			$table_charset = $this->get_table_charset( $table );
			if ( is_wp_error( $table_charset ) ) {
				return $table_charset;
			}
		}

		if ( empty( $this->col_meta[ $tablekey ][ $columnkey ] ) ) {
			return false;
		}

		$typeinfo = explode( '(', $this->col_meta[ $tablekey ][ $columnkey ]->Type );

		$type = strtolower( $typeinfo[0] );
		if ( ! empty( $typeinfo[1] ) ) {
			$length = trim( $typeinfo[1], ')' );
		} else {
			$length = false;
		}

		switch( $type ) {
			case 'char':
			case 'varchar':
				return array(
					'type'   => 'char',
					'length' => (int) $length,
				);

			case 'binary':
			case 'varbinary':
				return array(
					'type'   => 'byte',
					'length' => (int) $length,
				);

			case 'tinyblob':
			case 'tinytext':
				return array(
					'type'   => 'byte',
					'length' => 255,        // 2^8 - 1
				);

			case 'blob':
			case 'text':
				return array(
					'type'   => 'byte',
					'length' => 65535,      // 2^16 - 1
				);

			case 'mediumblob':
			case 'mediumtext':
				return array(
					'type'   => 'byte',
					'length' => 16777215,   // 2^24 - 1
				);

			case 'longblob':
			case 'longtext':
				return array(
					'type'   => 'byte',
					'length' => 4294967295, // 2^32 - 1
				);

			default:
				return false;
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Check if a string is ASCII.
	 *
	 * The negative regex is faster for non-ASCII strings, as it allows
	 * the search to finish as soon as it encounters a non-ASCII character.
	 *
	 * @since 4.2.0
	 * @access protected
	 *
	 * @param string $string String to check.
	 * @return bool True if ASCII, false if not.
	 */
	protected function check_ascii( $string ) {
		if ( function_exists( 'mb_check_encoding' ) ) {
			if ( mb_check_encoding( $string, 'ASCII' ) ) {
				return true;
			}
		} elseif ( ! preg_match( '/[^\x00-\x7F]/', $string ) ) {
			return true;
		}

		return false;
	}

	/**
	 * Check if the query is accessing a collation considered safe on the current version of MySQL.
	 *
	 * @since 4.2.0
	 * @access protected
	 *
	 * @param string $query The query to check.
	 * @return bool True if the collation is safe, false if it isn't.
	 */
	protected function check_safe_collation( $query ) {
		if ( $this->checking_collation ) {
			return true;
		}

		// We don't need to check the collation for queries that don't read data.
		$query = ltrim( $query, "\r\n\t (" );
		if ( preg_match( '/^(?:SHOW|DESCRIBE|DESC|EXPLAIN|CREATE)\s/i', $query ) ) {
			return true;
		}

		// All-ASCII queries don't need extra checking.
		if ( $this->check_ascii( $query ) ) {
			return true;
		}

		$table = $this->get_table_from_query( $query );
		if ( ! $table ) {
			return false;
		}

		$this->checking_collation = true;
		$collation = $this->get_table_charset( $table );
		$this->checking_collation = false;

		// Tables with no collation, or latin1 only, don't need extra checking.
		if ( false === $collation || 'latin1' === $collation ) {
			return true;
		}

		$table = strtolower( $table );
		if ( empty( $this->col_meta[ $table ] ) ) {
			return false;
		}

		// If any of the columns don't have one of these collations, it needs more sanity checking.
		foreach ( $this->col_meta[ $table ] as $col ) {
			if ( empty( $col->Collation ) ) {
				continue;
			}

			if ( ! in_array( $col->Collation, array( 'utf8_general_ci', 'utf8_bin', 'utf8mb4_general_ci', 'utf8mb4_bin' ), true ) ) {
				return false;
			}
		}

		return true;
	}

	/**
	 * Strips any invalid characters based on value/charset pairs.
	 *
	 * @since 4.2.0
	 * @access protected
	 *
	 * @param array $data Array of value arrays. Each value array has the keys
	 *                    'value' and 'charset'. An optional 'ascii' key can be
	 *                    set to false to avoid redundant ASCII checks.
	 * @return array|WP_Error The $data parameter, with invalid characters removed from
	 *                        each value. This works as a passthrough: any additional keys
	 *                        such as 'field' are retained in each value array. If we cannot
	 *                        remove invalid characters, a WP_Error object is returned.
	 */
	protected function strip_invalid_text( $data ) {
		$db_check_string = false;

		foreach ( $data as &$value ) {
			$charset = $value['charset'];

			if ( is_array( $value['length'] ) ) {
				$length = $value['length']['length'];
				$truncate_by_byte_length = 'byte' === $value['length']['type'];
			} else {
				$length = false;
				// Since we have no length, we'll never truncate.
				// Initialize the variable to false. true would take us
				// through an unnecessary (for this case) codepath below.
				$truncate_by_byte_length = false;
			}

			// There's no charset to work with.
			if ( false === $charset ) {
				continue;
			}

			// Column isn't a string.
			if ( ! is_string( $value['value'] ) ) {
				continue;
			}

			$needs_validation = true;
			if (
				// latin1 can store any byte sequence
				'latin1' === $charset
			||
				// ASCII is always OK.
				( ! isset( $value['ascii'] ) && $this->check_ascii( $value['value'] ) )
			) {
				$truncate_by_byte_length = true;
				$needs_validation = false;
			}

			if ( $truncate_by_byte_length ) {
				mbstring_binary_safe_encoding();
				if ( false !== $length && strlen( $value['value'] ) > $length ) {
					$value['value'] = substr( $value['value'], 0, $length );
				}
				reset_mbstring_encoding();

				if ( ! $needs_validation ) {
					continue;
				}
			}

			// utf8 can be handled by regex, which is a bunch faster than a DB lookup.
			if ( ( 'utf8' === $charset || 'utf8mb3' === $charset || 'utf8mb4' === $charset ) && function_exists( 'mb_strlen' ) ) {
				$regex = '/
					(
						(?: [\x00-\x7F]                  # single-byte sequences   0xxxxxxx
						|   [\xC2-\xDF][\x80-\xBF]       # double-byte sequences   110xxxxx 10xxxxxx
						|   \xE0[\xA0-\xBF][\x80-\xBF]   # triple-byte sequences   1110xxxx 10xxxxxx * 2
						|   [\xE1-\xEC][\x80-\xBF]{2}
						|   \xED[\x80-\x9F][\x80-\xBF]
						|   [\xEE-\xEF][\x80-\xBF]{2}';

				if ( 'utf8mb4' === $charset ) {
					$regex .= '
						|    \xF0[\x90-\xBF][\x80-\xBF]{2} # four-byte sequences   11110xxx 10xxxxxx * 3
						|    [\xF1-\xF3][\x80-\xBF]{3}
						|    \xF4[\x80-\x8F][\x80-\xBF]{2}
					';
				}

				$regex .= '){1,40}                          # ...one or more times
					)
					| .                                  # anything else
					/x';
				$value['value'] = preg_replace( $regex, '$1', $value['value'] );


				if ( false !== $length && mb_strlen( $value['value'], 'UTF-8' ) > $length ) {
					$value['value'] = mb_substr( $value['value'], 0, $length, 'UTF-8' );
				}
				continue;
			}

			// We couldn't use any local conversions, send it to the DB.
			$value['db'] = $db_check_string = true;
		}
		unset( $value ); // Remove by reference.

		if ( $db_check_string ) {
			$queries = array();
			foreach ( $data as $col => $value ) {
				if ( ! empty( $value['db'] ) ) {
					// We're going to need to truncate by characters or bytes, depending on the length value we have.
					if ( 'byte' === $value['length']['type'] ) {
						// Using binary causes LEFT() to truncate by bytes.
						$charset = 'binary';
					} else {
						$charset = $value['charset'];
					}

					if ( $this->charset ) {
						$connection_charset = $this->charset;
					} else {
						if ( $this->use_mysqli ) {
							$connection_charset = mysqli_character_set_name( $this->dbh );
						} else {
							$connection_charset = mysql_client_encoding();
						}
					}

					if ( is_array( $value['length'] ) ) {
						$queries[ $col ] = $this->prepare( "CONVERT( LEFT( CONVERT( %s USING $charset ), %.0f ) USING $connection_charset )", $value['value'], $value['length']['length'] );
					} else if ( 'binary' !== $charset ) {
						// If we don't have a length, there's no need to convert binary - it will always return the same result.
						$queries[ $col ] = $this->prepare( "CONVERT( CONVERT( %s USING $charset ) USING $connection_charset )", $value['value'] );
					}

					unset( $data[ $col ]['db'] );
				}
			}

			$sql = array();
			foreach ( $queries as $column => $query ) {
				if ( ! $query ) {
					continue;
				}

				$sql[] = $query . " AS x_$column";
			}

			$this->check_current_query = false;
			$row = $this->get_row( "SELECT " . implode( ', ', $sql ), ARRAY_A );
			if ( ! $row ) {
				return new WP_Error( 'wpdb_strip_invalid_text_failure' );
			}

			foreach ( array_keys( $data ) as $column ) {
				if ( isset( $row["x_$column"] ) ) {
					$data[ $column ]['value'] = $row["x_$column"];
				}
			}
		}

		return $data;
	}

	/**
	 * Strips any invalid characters from the query.
	 *
	 * @since 4.2.0
	 * @access protected
	 *
	 * @param string $query Query to convert.
	 * @return string|WP_Error The converted query, or a WP_Error object if the conversion fails.
	 */
	protected function strip_invalid_text_from_query( $query ) {
		// We don't need to check the collation for queries that don't read data.
		$trimmed_query = ltrim( $query, "\r\n\t (" );
		if ( preg_match( '/^(?:SHOW|DESCRIBE|DESC|EXPLAIN|CREATE)\s/i', $trimmed_query ) ) {
			return $query;
		}

		$table = $this->get_table_from_query( $query );
		if ( $table ) {
			$charset = $this->get_table_charset( $table );
			if ( is_wp_error( $charset ) ) {
				return $charset;
			}

			// We can't reliably strip text from tables containing binary/blob columns
			if ( 'binary' === $charset ) {
				return $query;
			}
		} else {
			$charset = $this->charset;
		}

		$data = array(
			'value'   => $query,
			'charset' => $charset,
			'ascii'   => false,
			'length'  => false,
		);

		$data = $this->strip_invalid_text( array( $data ) );
		if ( is_wp_error( $data ) ) {
			return $data;
		}

		return $data[0]['value'];
	}

	/**
	 * Strips any invalid characters from the string for a given table and column.
	 *
	 * @since 4.2.0
	 * @access public
	 *
	 * @param string $table  Table name.
	 * @param string $column Column name.
	 * @param string $value  The text to check.
	 * @return string|WP_Error The converted string, or a WP_Error object if the conversion fails.
	 */
	public function strip_invalid_text_for_column( $table, $column, $value ) {
		if ( ! is_string( $value ) ) {
			return $value;
		}

		$charset = $this->get_col_charset( $table, $column );
		if ( ! $charset ) {
			// Not a string column.
			return $value;
		} elseif ( is_wp_error( $charset ) ) {
			// Bail on real errors.
			return $charset;
		}

		$data = array(
			$column => array(
				'value'   => $value,
				'charset' => $charset,
				'length'  => $this->get_col_length( $table, $column ),
			)
		);

		$data = $this->strip_invalid_text( $data );
		if ( is_wp_error( $data ) ) {
			return $data;
		}

		return $data[ $column ]['value'];
	}

	/**
	 * Find the first table name referenced in a query.
	 *
	 * @since 4.2.0
	 * @access protected
	 *
	 * @param string $query The query to search.
	 * @return string|false $table The table name found, or false if a table couldn't be found.
	 */
	protected function get_table_from_query( $query ) {
		// Remove characters that can legally trail the table name.
		$query = rtrim( $query, ';/-#' );

		// Allow (select...) union [...] style queries. Use the first query's table name.
		$query = ltrim( $query, "\r\n\t (" );

		// Strip everything between parentheses except nested selects.
		$query = preg_replace( '/\((?!\s*select)[^(]*?\)/is', '()', $query );

		// Quickly match most common queries.
		if ( preg_match( '/^\s*(?:'
				. 'SELECT.*?\s+FROM'
				. '|INSERT(?:\s+LOW_PRIORITY|\s+DELAYED|\s+HIGH_PRIORITY)?(?:\s+IGNORE)?(?:\s+INTO)?'
				. '|REPLACE(?:\s+LOW_PRIORITY|\s+DELAYED)?(?:\s+INTO)?'
				. '|UPDATE(?:\s+LOW_PRIORITY)?(?:\s+IGNORE)?'
				. '|DELETE(?:\s+LOW_PRIORITY|\s+QUICK|\s+IGNORE)*(?:.+?FROM)?'
				. ')\s+((?:[0-9a-zA-Z$_.`-]|[\xC2-\xDF][\x80-\xBF])+)/is', $query, $maybe ) ) {
			return str_replace( '`', '', $maybe[1] );
		}

		// SHOW TABLE STATUS and SHOW TABLES WHERE Name = 'wp_posts'
		if ( preg_match( '/^\s*SHOW\s+(?:TABLE\s+STATUS|(?:FULL\s+)?TABLES).+WHERE\s+Name\s*=\s*("|\')((?:[0-9a-zA-Z$_.-]|[\xC2-\xDF][\x80-\xBF])+)\\1/is', $query, $maybe ) ) {
			return $maybe[2];
		}

		// SHOW TABLE STATUS LIKE and SHOW TABLES LIKE 'wp\_123\_%'
		// This quoted LIKE operand seldom holds a full table name.
		// It is usually a pattern for matching a prefix so we just
		// strip the trailing % and unescape the _ to get 'wp_123_'
		// which drop-ins can use for routing these SQL statements.
		if ( preg_match( '/^\s*SHOW\s+(?:TABLE\s+STATUS|(?:FULL\s+)?TABLES)\s+(?:WHERE\s+Name\s+)?LIKE\s*("|\')((?:[\\\\0-9a-zA-Z$_.-]|[\xC2-\xDF][\x80-\xBF])+)%?\\1/is', $query, $maybe ) ) {
			return str_replace( '\\_', '_', $maybe[2] );
		}

		// Big pattern for the rest of the table-related queries.
		if ( preg_match( '/^\s*(?:'
				. '(?:EXPLAIN\s+(?:EXTENDED\s+)?)?SELECT.*?\s+FROM'
				. '|DESCRIBE|DESC|EXPLAIN|HANDLER'
				. '|(?:LOCK|UNLOCK)\s+TABLE(?:S)?'
				. '|(?:RENAME|OPTIMIZE|BACKUP|RESTORE|CHECK|CHECKSUM|ANALYZE|REPAIR).*\s+TABLE'
				. '|TRUNCATE(?:\s+TABLE)?'
				. '|CREATE(?:\s+TEMPORARY)?\s+TABLE(?:\s+IF\s+NOT\s+EXISTS)?'
				. '|ALTER(?:\s+IGNORE)?\s+TABLE'
				. '|DROP\s+TABLE(?:\s+IF\s+EXISTS)?'
				. '|CREATE(?:\s+\w+)?\s+INDEX.*\s+ON'
				. '|DROP\s+INDEX.*\s+ON'
				. '|LOAD\s+DATA.*INFILE.*INTO\s+TABLE'
				. '|(?:GRANT|REVOKE).*ON\s+TABLE'
				. '|SHOW\s+(?:.*FROM|.*TABLE)'
				. ')\s+\(*\s*((?:[0-9a-zA-Z$_.`-]|[\xC2-\xDF][\x80-\xBF])+)\s*\)*/is', $query, $maybe ) ) {
			return str_replace( '`', '', $maybe[1] );
		}

		return false;
	}

	/**
	 * Load the column metadata from the last query.
	 *
	 * @since 3.5.0
	 *
	 * @access protected
	 */
	protected function load_col_info() {
		if ( $this->col_info )
			return;

		if ( $this->use_mysqli ) {
			$num_fields = mysqli_num_fields( $this->result );
			for ( $i = 0; $i < $num_fields; $i++ ) {
				$this->col_info[ $i ] = mysqli_fetch_field( $this->result );
			}
		} else {
			$num_fields = mysql_num_fields( $this->result );
			for ( $i = 0; $i < $num_fields; $i++ ) {
				$this->col_info[ $i ] = mysql_fetch_field( $this->result, $i );
			}
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Retrieve column metadata from the last query.
	 *
	 * @since 0.71
	 *
	 * @param string $info_type  Optional. Type one of name, table, def, max_length, not_null, primary_key, multiple_key, unique_key, numeric, blob, type, unsigned, zerofill
	 * @param int    $col_offset Optional. 0: col name. 1: which table the col's in. 2: col's max length. 3: if the col is numeric. 4: col's type
	 * @return mixed Column Results
	 */
	public function get_col_info( $info_type = 'name', $col_offset = -1 ) {
		$this->load_col_info();

		if ( $this->col_info ) {
			if ( $col_offset == -1 ) {
				$i = 0;
				$new_array = array();
				foreach ( (array) $this->col_info as $col ) {
					$new_array[$i] = $col->{$info_type};
					$i++;
				}
				return $new_array;
			} else {
				return $this->col_info[$col_offset]->{$info_type};
			}
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Starts the timer, for debugging purposes.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 *
	 * @return true
	 */
	public function timer_start() {
		$this->time_start = microtime( true );
		return true;
	}

	/**
	 * Stops the debugging timer.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 *
	 * @return float Total time spent on the query, in seconds
	 */
	public function timer_stop() {
		return ( microtime( true ) - $this->time_start );
	}

	/**
	 * Wraps errors in a nice header and footer and dies.
	 *
	 * Will not die if wpdb::$show_errors is false.
	 *
	 * @since 1.5.0
	 *
	 * @param string $message    The Error message
	 * @param string $error_code Optional. A Computer readable string to identify the error.
	 * @return false|void
	 */
	public function bail( $message, $error_code = '500' ) {
		if ( !$this->show_errors ) {
			if ( class_exists( 'WP_Error', false ) ) {
				$this->error = new WP_Error($error_code, $message);
			} else {
				$this->error = $message;
			}
			return false;
		}
		wp_die($message);
	}


	/**
	 * Closes the current database connection.
	 *
	 * @since 4.5.0
	 * @access public
	 *
	 * @return bool True if the connection was successfully closed, false if it wasn't,
	 *              or the connection doesn't exist.
	 */
	public function close() {
		if ( ! $this->dbh ) {
			return false;
		}

		if ( $this->use_mysqli ) {
			$closed = mysqli_close( $this->dbh );
		} else {
			$closed = mysql_close( $this->dbh );
		}

		if ( $closed ) {
			$this->dbh = null;
			$this->ready = false;
			$this->has_connected = false;
		}

		return $closed;
	}

	/**
	 * Whether MySQL database is at least the required minimum version.
	 *
	 * @since 2.5.0
	 *
	 * @global string $wp_version
	 * @global string $required_mysql_version
	 *
	 * @return WP_Error|void
	 */
	public function check_database_version() {
		global $wp_version, $required_mysql_version;
		// Make sure the server has the required MySQL version
		if ( version_compare($this->db_version(), $required_mysql_version, '<') ) {
			/* translators: 1: WordPress version number, 2: Minimum required MySQL version number */
			return new WP_Error('database_version', sprintf( __( '<strong>ERROR</strong>: WordPress %1$s requires MySQL %2$s or higher' ), $wp_version, $required_mysql_version ));
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Whether the database supports collation.
	 *
	 * Called when WordPress is generating the table scheme.
	 *
	 * Use `wpdb::has_cap( 'collation' )`.
	 *
	 * @since 2.5.0
	 * @deprecated 3.5.0 Use wpdb::has_cap()
	 *
	 * @return bool True if collation is supported, false if version does not
	 */
	public function supports_collation() {
		_deprecated_function( __FUNCTION__, '3.5.0', 'wpdb::has_cap( \'collation\' )' );
		return $this->has_cap( 'collation' );
	}

	/**
	 * The database character collate.
	 *
	 * @since 3.5.0
	 *
	 * @return string The database character collate.
	 */
	public function get_charset_collate() {
		$charset_collate = '';

		if ( ! empty( $this->charset ) )
			$charset_collate = "DEFAULT CHARACTER SET $this->charset";
		if ( ! empty( $this->collate ) )
			$charset_collate .= " COLLATE $this->collate";

		return $charset_collate;
	}

	/**
	 * Determine if a database supports a particular feature.
	 *
	 * @since 2.7.0
	 * @since 4.1.0 Added support for the 'utf8mb4' feature.
	 * @since 4.6.0 Added support for the 'utf8mb4_520' feature.
	 *
	 * @see wpdb::db_version()
	 *
	 * @param string $db_cap The feature to check for. Accepts 'collation',
	 *                       'group_concat', 'subqueries', 'set_charset',
	 *                       or 'utf8mb4'.
	 * @return int|false Whether the database feature is supported, false otherwise.
	 */
	public function has_cap( $db_cap ) {
		$version = $this->db_version();

		switch ( strtolower( $db_cap ) ) {
			case 'collation' :    // @since 2.5.0
			case 'group_concat' : // @since 2.7.0
			case 'subqueries' :   // @since 2.7.0
				return version_compare( $version, '4.1', '>=' );
			case 'set_charset' :
				return version_compare( $version, '5.0.7', '>=' );
			case 'utf8mb4' :      // @since 4.1.0
				if ( version_compare( $version, '5.5.3', '<' ) ) {
					return false;
				}
				if ( $this->use_mysqli ) {
					$client_version = mysqli_get_client_info();
				} else {
					$client_version = mysql_get_client_info();
				}

				/*
				 * libmysql has supported utf8mb4 since 5.5.3, same as the MySQL server.
				 * mysqlnd has supported utf8mb4 since 5.0.9.
				 */
				if ( false !== strpos( $client_version, 'mysqlnd' ) ) {
					$client_version = preg_replace( '/^\D+([\d.]+).*/', '$1', $client_version );
					return version_compare( $client_version, '5.0.9', '>=' );
				} else {
					return version_compare( $client_version, '5.5.3', '>=' );
				}
			case 'utf8mb4_520' : // @since 4.6.0
				return version_compare( $version, '5.6', '>=' );
		}

		return false;
	}

	/**
	 * Retrieve the name of the function that called wpdb.
	 *
	 * Searches up the list of functions until it reaches
	 * the one that would most logically had called this method.
	 *
	 * @since 2.5.0
	 *
	 * @return string|array The name of the calling function
	 */
	public function get_caller() {
		return wp_debug_backtrace_summary( __CLASS__ );
	}

	/**
	 * Retrieves the MySQL server version.
	 *
	 * @since 2.7.0
	 *
	 * @return null|string Null on failure, version number on success.
	 */
	public function db_version() {
		if ( $this->use_mysqli ) {
			$server_info = mysqli_get_server_info( $this->dbh );
		} else {
			$server_info = mysql_get_server_info( $this->dbh );
		}
		return preg_replace( '/[^0-9.].*/', '', $server_info );
	}
}

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Changelog Changelog

Changelog
Version Description
0.71 Introduced.

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Methods Methods

  • __construct — Connects to the database server and selects a database
  • __destruct — PHP5 style destructor and will run when database object is destroyed.
  • __get — Makes private properties readable for backward compatibility.
  • __isset — Makes private properties check-able for backward compatibility.
  • __set — Makes private properties settable for backward compatibility.
  • __unset — Makes private properties un-settable for backward compatibility.
  • _do_query — Internal function to perform the mysql_query() call.
  • _escape — Escape data. Works on arrays.
  • _insert_replace_helper — Helper function for insert and replace.
  • _real_escape — Real escape, using mysqli_real_escape_string() or mysql_real_escape_string()
  • _weak_escape — Do not use, deprecated. — deprecated
  • bail — Wraps errors in a nice header and footer and dies.
  • check_ascii — Check if a string is ASCII.
  • check_connection — Checks that the connection to the database is still up. If not, try to reconnect.
  • check_database_version — Whether MySQL database is at least the required minimum version.
  • check_safe_collation — Check if the query is accessing a collation considered safe on the current version of MySQL.
  • close — Closes the current database connection.
  • db_connect — Connect to and select database.
  • db_version — Retrieves the MySQL server version.
  • delete — Delete a row in the table
  • determine_charset — Determines the best charset and collation to use given a charset and collation.
  • esc_like — First half of escaping for LIKE special characters % and _ before preparing for MySQL.
  • escape — Do not use, deprecated. — deprecated
  • escape_by_ref — Escapes content by reference for insertion into the database, for security
  • flush — Kill cached query results.
  • get_blog_prefix — Gets blog prefix.
  • get_caller — Retrieve the name of the function that called wpdb.
  • get_charset_collate — The database character collate.
  • get_col — Retrieve one column from the database.
  • get_col_charset — Retrieves the character set for the given column.
  • get_col_info — Retrieve column metadata from the last query.
  • get_col_length — Retrieve the maximum string length allowed in a given column.
  • get_results — Retrieve an entire SQL result set from the database (i.e., many rows)
  • get_row — Retrieve one row from the database.
  • get_table_charset — Retrieves the character set for the given table.
  • get_table_from_query — Find the first table name referenced in a query.
  • get_var — Retrieve one variable from the database.
  • has_cap — Determine if a database supports a particular feature.
  • hide_errors — Disables showing of database errors.
  • init_charset — Set $this->charset and $this->collate
  • insert — Insert a row into a table.
  • load_col_info — Load the column metadata from the last query.
  • prepare — Prepares a SQL query for safe execution. Uses sprintf()-like syntax.
  • print_error — Print SQL/DB error.
  • process_field_charsets — Adds field charsets to field/value/format arrays generated by the wpdb::process_field_formats() method.
  • process_field_formats — Prepares arrays of value/format pairs as passed to wpdb CRUD methods.
  • process_field_lengths — For string fields, record the maximum string length that field can safely save.
  • process_fields — Processes arrays of field/value pairs and field formats.
  • query — Perform a MySQL database query, using current database connection.
  • replace — Replace a row into a table.
  • select — Selects a database using the current database connection.
  • set_blog_id — Sets blog id.
  • set_charset — Sets the connection's character set.
  • set_prefix — Sets the table prefix for the WordPress tables.
  • set_sql_mode — Change the current SQL mode, and ensure its WordPress compatibility.
  • show_errors — Enables showing of database errors.
  • strip_invalid_text — Strips any invalid characters based on value/charset pairs.
  • strip_invalid_text_for_column — Strips any invalid characters from the string for a given table and column.
  • strip_invalid_text_from_query — Strips any invalid characters from the query.
  • supports_collation — Whether the database supports collation. — deprecated
  • suppress_errors — Whether to suppress database errors.
  • tables — Returns an array of WordPress tables.
  • timer_start — Starts the timer, for debugging purposes.
  • timer_stop — Stops the debugging timer.
  • update — Update a row in the table

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User Contributed Notes User Contributed Notes

  1. Skip to note content
    Contributed by Priyanka Behera

    Retrieve and display the sum of a Custom Field value.

    // set the meta_key to the appropriate custom field meta key
    $meta_key = 'miles';
    $allmiles = $wpdb->get_var( $wpdb->prepare( 
    	"
    		SELECT sum(meta_value) 
    		FROM $wpdb->postmeta 
    		WHERE meta_key = %s
    	", 
    	$meta_key
    ) );
    echo "<p>Total miles is {$allmiles}</p>";
    
    

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