add_metadata( string $meta_type, int $object_id, string $meta_key, mixed $meta_value, bool $unique = false )

Adds metadata for the specified object.


Parameters Parameters

$meta_type

(string) (Required) Type of object metadata is for. Accepts 'post', 'comment', 'term', 'user', or any other object type with an associated meta table.

$object_id

(int) (Required) ID of the object metadata is for.

$meta_key

(string) (Required) Metadata key.

$meta_value

(mixed) (Required) Metadata value. Must be serializable if non-scalar.

$unique

(bool) (Optional) Whether the specified metadata key should be unique for the object. If true, and the object already has a value for the specified metadata key, no change will be made.

Default value: false


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Return Return

(int|false) The meta ID on success, false on failure.


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Source Source

File: wp-includes/meta.php

function add_metadata( $meta_type, $object_id, $meta_key, $meta_value, $unique = false ) {
	global $wpdb;

	if ( ! $meta_type || ! $meta_key || ! is_numeric( $object_id ) ) {
		return false;
	}

	$object_id = absint( $object_id );
	if ( ! $object_id ) {
		return false;
	}

	$table = _get_meta_table( $meta_type );
	if ( ! $table ) {
		return false;
	}

	$meta_subtype = get_object_subtype( $meta_type, $object_id );

	$column = sanitize_key( $meta_type . '_id' );

	// expected_slashed ($meta_key)
	$meta_key   = wp_unslash( $meta_key );
	$meta_value = wp_unslash( $meta_value );
	$meta_value = sanitize_meta( $meta_key, $meta_value, $meta_type, $meta_subtype );

	/**
	 * Filters whether to add metadata of a specific type.
	 *
	 * The dynamic portion of the hook, `$meta_type`, refers to the meta
	 * object type (comment, post, term, or user). Returning a non-null value
	 * will effectively short-circuit the function.
	 *
	 * @since 3.1.0
	 *
	 * @param null|bool $check      Whether to allow adding metadata for the given type.
	 * @param int       $object_id  ID of the object metadata is for.
	 * @param string    $meta_key   Metadata key.
	 * @param mixed     $meta_value Metadata value. Must be serializable if non-scalar.
	 * @param bool      $unique     Whether the specified meta key should be unique for the object.
	 */
	$check = apply_filters( "add_{$meta_type}_metadata", null, $object_id, $meta_key, $meta_value, $unique );
	if ( null !== $check ) {
		return $check;
	}

	if ( $unique && $wpdb->get_var(
		$wpdb->prepare(
			"SELECT COUNT(*) FROM $table WHERE meta_key = %s AND $column = %d",
			$meta_key,
			$object_id
		)
	) ) {
		return false;
	}

	$_meta_value = $meta_value;
	$meta_value  = maybe_serialize( $meta_value );

	/**
	 * Fires immediately before meta of a specific type is added.
	 *
	 * The dynamic portion of the hook, `$meta_type`, refers to the meta
	 * object type (comment, post, term, or user).
	 *
	 * @since 3.1.0
	 *
	 * @param int    $object_id   ID of the object metadata is for.
	 * @param string $meta_key    Metadata key.
	 * @param mixed  $_meta_value Metadata value. Serialized if non-scalar.
	 */
	do_action( "add_{$meta_type}_meta", $object_id, $meta_key, $_meta_value );

	$result = $wpdb->insert(
		$table,
		array(
			$column      => $object_id,
			'meta_key'   => $meta_key,
			'meta_value' => $meta_value,
		)
	);

	if ( ! $result ) {
		return false;
	}

	$mid = (int) $wpdb->insert_id;

	wp_cache_delete( $object_id, $meta_type . '_meta' );

	/**
	 * Fires immediately after meta of a specific type is added.
	 *
	 * The dynamic portion of the hook, `$meta_type`, refers to the meta
	 * object type (comment, post, term, or user).
	 *
	 * @since 2.9.0
	 *
	 * @param int    $mid         The meta ID after successful update.
	 * @param int    $object_id   ID of the object metadata is for.
	 * @param string $meta_key    Metadata key.
	 * @param mixed  $_meta_value Metadata value. Serialized if non-scalar.
	 */
	do_action( "added_{$meta_type}_meta", $mid, $object_id, $meta_key, $_meta_value );

	return $mid;
}


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Changelog Changelog

Changelog
Version Description
2.9.0 Introduced.

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User Contributed Notes User Contributed Notes

  1. Skip to note 1 content
    Contributed by getmanzooronline

    Example:

    Add an additional meta value for comments. Here location is the meta key $location is the variable holds its value.

    function add_comment_location($comment_id, $location) {
    	return add_metadata( 'comment', $comment_id, 'location', wp_slash( $location ) );
    }
    

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