make_clickable( string $text )

Convert plaintext URI to HTML links.


Description Description

Converts URI, www and ftp, and email addresses. Finishes by fixing links within links.


Parameters Parameters

$text

(string) (Required) Content to convert URIs.


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Return Return

(string) Content with converted URIs.


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Source Source

File: wp-includes/formatting.php

function make_clickable( $text ) {
	$r = '';
	$textarr = preg_split( '/(<[^<>]+>)/', $text, -1, PREG_SPLIT_DELIM_CAPTURE ); // split out HTML tags
	$nested_code_pre = 0; // Keep track of how many levels link is nested inside <pre> or <code>
	foreach ( $textarr as $piece ) {

		if ( preg_match( '|^<code[\s>]|i', $piece ) || preg_match( '|^<pre[\s>]|i', $piece ) || preg_match( '|^<script[\s>]|i', $piece ) || preg_match( '|^<style[\s>]|i', $piece ) )
			$nested_code_pre++;
		elseif ( $nested_code_pre && ( '</code>' === strtolower( $piece ) || '</pre>' === strtolower( $piece ) || '</script>' === strtolower( $piece ) || '</style>' === strtolower( $piece ) ) )
			$nested_code_pre--;

		if ( $nested_code_pre || empty( $piece ) || ( $piece[0] === '<' && ! preg_match( '|^<\s*[\w]{1,20}+://|', $piece ) ) ) {
			$r .= $piece;
			continue;
		}

		// Long strings might contain expensive edge cases ...
		if ( 10000 < strlen( $piece ) ) {
			// ... break it up
			foreach ( _split_str_by_whitespace( $piece, 2100 ) as $chunk ) { // 2100: Extra room for scheme and leading and trailing paretheses
				if ( 2101 < strlen( $chunk ) ) {
					$r .= $chunk; // Too big, no whitespace: bail.
				} else {
					$r .= make_clickable( $chunk );
				}
			}
		} else {
			$ret = " $piece "; // Pad with whitespace to simplify the regexes

			$url_clickable = '~
				([\\s(<.,;:!?])                                        # 1: Leading whitespace, or punctuation
				(                                                      # 2: URL
					[\\w]{1,20}+://                                # Scheme and hier-part prefix
					(?=\S{1,2000}\s)                               # Limit to URLs less than about 2000 characters long
					[\\w\\x80-\\xff#%\\~/@\\[\\]*(+=&$-]*+         # Non-punctuation URL character
					(?:                                            # Unroll the Loop: Only allow puctuation URL character if followed by a non-punctuation URL character
						[\'.,;:!?)]                            # Punctuation URL character
						[\\w\\x80-\\xff#%\\~/@\\[\\]*(+=&$-]++ # Non-punctuation URL character
					)*
				)
				(\)?)                                                  # 3: Trailing closing parenthesis (for parethesis balancing post processing)
			~xS'; // The regex is a non-anchored pattern and does not have a single fixed starting character.
			      // Tell PCRE to spend more time optimizing since, when used on a page load, it will probably be used several times.

			$ret = preg_replace_callback( $url_clickable, '_make_url_clickable_cb', $ret );

			$ret = preg_replace_callback( '#([\s>])((www|ftp)\.[\w\\x80-\\xff\#$%&~/.\-;:=,?@\[\]+]+)#is', '_make_web_ftp_clickable_cb', $ret );
			$ret = preg_replace_callback( '#([\s>])([.0-9a-z_+-]+)@(([0-9a-z-]+\.)+[0-9a-z]{2,})#i', '_make_email_clickable_cb', $ret );

			$ret = substr( $ret, 1, -1 ); // Remove our whitespace padding.
			$r .= $ret;
		}
	}

	// Cleanup of accidental links within links
	return preg_replace( '#(<a([ \r\n\t]+[^>]+?>|>))<a [^>]+?>([^>]+?)</a></a>#i', "$1$3</a>", $r );
}

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Changelog Changelog

Changelog
Version Description
0.71 Introduced.


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User Contributed Notes User Contributed Notes

  1. Skip to note 1 content
    Contributed by Nicola Mustone

    This example shows how to use make_clickable with a string of text to turn any URLs within into links.

    <?php echo make_clickable( '<p>To find out more about this function, visit this link: https://developer.wordpress.org/reference/functions/make_clickable/</p>' ); ?>
    

    The result will be:

    <p>To find out more about this function, visit this link: <a href="https://developer.wordpress.org/reference/functions/make_clickable/" rel="nofollow">https://developer.wordpress.org/reference/functions/make_clickable/</a></p>
    

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