_n( string $single, string $plural, int $number, string $domain = 'default' )

Translates and retrieves the singular or plural form based on the supplied number.


Description Description

Used when you want to use the appropriate form of a string based on whether a number is singular or plural.

Example:

printf( _n( '%s person', '%s people', $count, 'text-domain' ), number_format_i18n( $count ) );

Parameters Parameters

$single

(string) (Required) The text to be used if the number is singular.

$plural

(string) (Required) The text to be used if the number is plural.

$number

(int) (Required) The number to compare against to use either the singular or plural form.

$domain

(string) (Optional) Text domain. Unique identifier for retrieving translated strings.

Default value: 'default'


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Return Return

(string) The translated singular or plural form.


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Source Source

File: wp-includes/l10n.php

function _n( $single, $plural, $number, $domain = 'default' ) {
	$translations = get_translations_for_domain( $domain );
	$translation  = $translations->translate_plural( $single, $plural, $number );

	/**
	 * Filters the singular or plural form of a string.
	 *
	 * @since 2.2.0
	 *
	 * @param string $translation Translated text.
	 * @param string $single      The text to be used if the number is singular.
	 * @param string $plural      The text to be used if the number is plural.
	 * @param string $number      The number to compare against to use either the singular or plural form.
	 * @param string $domain      Text domain. Unique identifier for retrieving translated strings.
	 */
	return apply_filters( 'ngettext', $translation, $single, $plural, $number, $domain );
}

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Changelog Changelog

Changelog
Version Description
2.8.0 Introduced.


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User Contributed Notes User Contributed Notes

  1. Skip to note content
    Contributed by Codex

    Display either “1 star” or “x stars” for a star rating plugin.

    $rating = '3';
    
    $text = sprintf( _n( '%s star', '%s stars', $rating, 'wpdocs_textdomain' ), $rating );
    
    // "3 stars"
    echo $text;
    

    Important: Never do a calculation inside the sprintf() function! The following won’t work:

    $text = sprintf( 
    	_n( '%s star', '%s stars', $rating, 'wpdocs_textdomain' ), 
    	2 <= $rating ? $rating -1 : $rating
    );
    
    
  2. Skip to note content
    Contributed by Felipe Elia

    As explained by @sergeybiryukov here, here, here and here, this functions should NOT be use in one item or more than one item scenarios, but for singular form and plural forms, which is not the same thing. Also both strings should have placeholders.

    As he stated:

    In languages that have complex plural structures the singular form can be used for numbers other than 1, so if the goal is to display a string for exactly 1 item, an explicit check like

    1 === count( $items )

    should be used instead of

    _n()

    This problem is also covered in Codex.

    Although it would be possible address this issue changing the plural form for Russian and other slavic languages it would bring a too big effort as explained here.

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