wp_xmlrpc_server::pingback_ping( array $args )

Retrieves a pingback and registers it.


Description Description


Parameters Parameters

$args

(array) (Required) Method arguments. Note: arguments must be ordered as documented.

  • 'pagelinkedfrom'
    (string)
  • 'pagelinkedto'
    (string)


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Return Return

(string|IXR_Error)


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Source Source

File: wp-includes/class-wp-xmlrpc-server.php

	public function pingback_ping( $args ) {
		global $wpdb;

		/** This action is documented in wp-includes/class-wp-xmlrpc-server.php */
		do_action( 'xmlrpc_call', 'pingback.ping' );

		$this->escape( $args );

		$pagelinkedfrom = str_replace( '&', '&', $args[0] );
		$pagelinkedto   = str_replace( '&', '&', $args[1] );
		$pagelinkedto   = str_replace( '&', '&', $pagelinkedto );

		/**
		 * Filters the pingback source URI.
		 *
		 * @since 3.6.0
		 *
		 * @param string $pagelinkedfrom URI of the page linked from.
		 * @param string $pagelinkedto   URI of the page linked to.
		 */
		$pagelinkedfrom = apply_filters( 'pingback_ping_source_uri', $pagelinkedfrom, $pagelinkedto );

		if ( ! $pagelinkedfrom ) {
			return $this->pingback_error( 0, __( 'A valid URL was not provided.' ) );
		}

		// Check if the page linked to is in our site
		$pos1 = strpos( $pagelinkedto, str_replace( array( 'http://www.', 'http://', 'https://www.', 'https://' ), '', get_option( 'home' ) ) );
		if ( ! $pos1 ) {
			return $this->pingback_error( 0, __( 'Is there no link to us?' ) );
		}

		// let's find which post is linked to
		// FIXME: does url_to_postid() cover all these cases already?
		//        if so, then let's use it and drop the old code.
		$urltest = parse_url( $pagelinkedto );
		if ( $post_ID = url_to_postid( $pagelinkedto ) ) {
			// $way
		} elseif ( isset( $urltest['path'] ) && preg_match( '#p/[0-9]{1,}#', $urltest['path'], $match ) ) {
			// the path defines the post_ID (archives/p/XXXX)
			$blah    = explode( '/', $match[0] );
			$post_ID = (int) $blah[1];
		} elseif ( isset( $urltest['query'] ) && preg_match( '#p=[0-9]{1,}#', $urltest['query'], $match ) ) {
			// the querystring defines the post_ID (?p=XXXX)
			$blah    = explode( '=', $match[0] );
			$post_ID = (int) $blah[1];
		} elseif ( isset( $urltest['fragment'] ) ) {
			// an #anchor is there, it's either...
			if ( intval( $urltest['fragment'] ) ) {
				// ...an integer #XXXX (simplest case)
				$post_ID = (int) $urltest['fragment'];
			} elseif ( preg_match( '/post-[0-9]+/', $urltest['fragment'] ) ) {
				// ...a post id in the form 'post-###'
				$post_ID = preg_replace( '/[^0-9]+/', '', $urltest['fragment'] );
			} elseif ( is_string( $urltest['fragment'] ) ) {
				// ...or a string #title, a little more complicated
				$title = preg_replace( '/[^a-z0-9]/i', '.', $urltest['fragment'] );
				$sql   = $wpdb->prepare( "SELECT ID FROM $wpdb->posts WHERE post_title RLIKE %s", $title );
				if ( ! ( $post_ID = $wpdb->get_var( $sql ) ) ) {
					// returning unknown error '0' is better than die()ing
					return $this->pingback_error( 0, '' );
				}
			}
		} else {
			// TODO: Attempt to extract a post ID from the given URL
			return $this->pingback_error( 33, __( 'The specified target URL cannot be used as a target. It either doesn’t exist, or it is not a pingback-enabled resource.' ) );
		}
		$post_ID = (int) $post_ID;

		$post = get_post( $post_ID );

		if ( ! $post ) { // Post_ID not found
			return $this->pingback_error( 33, __( 'The specified target URL cannot be used as a target. It either doesn’t exist, or it is not a pingback-enabled resource.' ) );
		}

		if ( $post_ID == url_to_postid( $pagelinkedfrom ) ) {
			return $this->pingback_error( 0, __( 'The source URL and the target URL cannot both point to the same resource.' ) );
		}

		// Check if pings are on
		if ( ! pings_open( $post ) ) {
			return $this->pingback_error( 33, __( 'The specified target URL cannot be used as a target. It either doesn’t exist, or it is not a pingback-enabled resource.' ) );
		}

		// Let's check that the remote site didn't already pingback this entry
		if ( $wpdb->get_results( $wpdb->prepare( "SELECT * FROM $wpdb->comments WHERE comment_post_ID = %d AND comment_author_url = %s", $post_ID, $pagelinkedfrom ) ) ) {
			return $this->pingback_error( 48, __( 'The pingback has already been registered.' ) );
		}

		// very stupid, but gives time to the 'from' server to publish !
		sleep( 1 );

		$remote_ip = preg_replace( '/[^0-9a-fA-F:., ]/', '', $_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR'] );

		/** This filter is documented in wp-includes/class-http.php */
		$user_agent = apply_filters( 'http_headers_useragent', 'WordPress/' . get_bloginfo( 'version' ) . '; ' . get_bloginfo( 'url' ), $url );

		// Let's check the remote site
		$http_api_args = array(
			'timeout'             => 10,
			'redirection'         => 0,
			'limit_response_size' => 153600, // 150 KB
			'user-agent'          => "$user_agent; verifying pingback from $remote_ip",
			'headers'             => array(
				'X-Pingback-Forwarded-For' => $remote_ip,
			),
		);

		$request       = wp_safe_remote_get( $pagelinkedfrom, $http_api_args );
		$remote_source = $remote_source_original = wp_remote_retrieve_body( $request );

		if ( ! $remote_source ) {
			return $this->pingback_error( 16, __( 'The source URL does not exist.' ) );
		}

		/**
		 * Filters the pingback remote source.
		 *
		 * @since 2.5.0
		 *
		 * @param string $remote_source Response source for the page linked from.
		 * @param string $pagelinkedto  URL of the page linked to.
		 */
		$remote_source = apply_filters( 'pre_remote_source', $remote_source, $pagelinkedto );

		// Work around bug in strip_tags():
		$remote_source = str_replace( '<!DOC', '<DOC', $remote_source );
		$remote_source = preg_replace( '/[\r\n\t ]+/', ' ', $remote_source ); // normalize spaces
		$remote_source = preg_replace( '/<\/*(h1|h2|h3|h4|h5|h6|p|th|td|li|dt|dd|pre|caption|input|textarea|button|body)[^>]*>/', "\n\n", $remote_source );

		preg_match( '|<title>([^<]*?)</title>|is', $remote_source, $matchtitle );
		$title = isset( $matchtitle[1] ) ? $matchtitle[1] : '';
		if ( empty( $title ) ) {
			return $this->pingback_error( 32, __( 'We cannot find a title on that page.' ) );
		}

		$remote_source = strip_tags( $remote_source, '<a>' ); // just keep the tag we need

		$p = explode( "\n\n", $remote_source );

		$preg_target = preg_quote( $pagelinkedto, '|' );

		foreach ( $p as $para ) {
			if ( strpos( $para, $pagelinkedto ) !== false ) { // it exists, but is it a link?
				preg_match( '|<a[^>]+?' . $preg_target . '[^>]*>([^>]+?)</a>|', $para, $context );

				// If the URL isn't in a link context, keep looking
				if ( empty( $context ) ) {
					continue;
				}

				// We're going to use this fake tag to mark the context in a bit
				// the marker is needed in case the link text appears more than once in the paragraph
				$excerpt = preg_replace( '|\</?wpcontext\>|', '', $para );

				// prevent really long link text
				if ( strlen( $context[1] ) > 100 ) {
					$context[1] = substr( $context[1], 0, 100 ) . '&#8230;';
				}

				$marker      = '<wpcontext>' . $context[1] . '</wpcontext>';    // set up our marker
				$excerpt     = str_replace( $context[0], $marker, $excerpt ); // swap out the link for our marker
				$excerpt     = strip_tags( $excerpt, '<wpcontext>' );        // strip all tags but our context marker
				$excerpt     = trim( $excerpt );
				$preg_marker = preg_quote( $marker, '|' );
				$excerpt     = preg_replace( "|.*?\s(.{0,100}$preg_marker.{0,100})\s.*|s", '$1', $excerpt );
				$excerpt     = strip_tags( $excerpt ); // YES, again, to remove the marker wrapper
				break;
			}
		}

		if ( empty( $context ) ) { // Link to target not found
			return $this->pingback_error( 17, __( 'The source URL does not contain a link to the target URL, and so cannot be used as a source.' ) );
		}

		$pagelinkedfrom = str_replace( '&', '&amp;', $pagelinkedfrom );

		$context        = '[&#8230;] ' . esc_html( $excerpt ) . ' [&#8230;]';
		$pagelinkedfrom = $this->escape( $pagelinkedfrom );

		$comment_post_ID      = (int) $post_ID;
		$comment_author       = $title;
		$comment_author_email = '';
		$this->escape( $comment_author );
		$comment_author_url = $pagelinkedfrom;
		$comment_content    = $context;
		$this->escape( $comment_content );
		$comment_type = 'pingback';

		$commentdata = compact(
			'comment_post_ID',
			'comment_author',
			'comment_author_url',
			'comment_author_email',
			'comment_content',
			'comment_type',
			'remote_source',
			'remote_source_original'
		);

		$comment_ID = wp_new_comment( $commentdata );

		if ( is_wp_error( $comment_ID ) ) {
			return $this->pingback_error( 0, $comment_ID->get_error_message() );
		}

		/**
		 * Fires after a post pingback has been sent.
		 *
		 * @since 0.71
		 *
		 * @param int $comment_ID Comment ID.
		 */
		do_action( 'pingback_post', $comment_ID );

		/* translators: 1: URL of the page linked from, 2: URL of the page linked to */
		return sprintf( __( 'Pingback from %1$s to %2$s registered. Keep the web talking! :-)' ), $pagelinkedfrom, $pagelinkedto );
	}

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Version Description
1.5.0 Introduced.


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