WP_Http

Core class used for managing HTTP transports and making HTTP requests.


Description Description

This class is used to consistently make outgoing HTTP requests easy for developers while still being compatible with the many PHP configurations under which WordPress runs.

Debugging includes several actions, which pass different variables for debugging the HTTP API.


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Source Source

File: wp-includes/class-http.php

class WP_Http {

	// Aliases for HTTP response codes.
	const HTTP_CONTINUE       = 100;
	const SWITCHING_PROTOCOLS = 101;
	const PROCESSING          = 102;
	const EARLY_HINTS         = 103;

	const OK                            = 200;
	const CREATED                       = 201;
	const ACCEPTED                      = 202;
	const NON_AUTHORITATIVE_INFORMATION = 203;
	const NO_CONTENT                    = 204;
	const RESET_CONTENT                 = 205;
	const PARTIAL_CONTENT               = 206;
	const MULTI_STATUS                  = 207;
	const IM_USED                       = 226;

	const MULTIPLE_CHOICES   = 300;
	const MOVED_PERMANENTLY  = 301;
	const FOUND              = 302;
	const SEE_OTHER          = 303;
	const NOT_MODIFIED       = 304;
	const USE_PROXY          = 305;
	const RESERVED           = 306;
	const TEMPORARY_REDIRECT = 307;
	const PERMANENT_REDIRECT = 308;

	const BAD_REQUEST                     = 400;
	const UNAUTHORIZED                    = 401;
	const PAYMENT_REQUIRED                = 402;
	const FORBIDDEN                       = 403;
	const NOT_FOUND                       = 404;
	const METHOD_NOT_ALLOWED              = 405;
	const NOT_ACCEPTABLE                  = 406;
	const PROXY_AUTHENTICATION_REQUIRED   = 407;
	const REQUEST_TIMEOUT                 = 408;
	const CONFLICT                        = 409;
	const GONE                            = 410;
	const LENGTH_REQUIRED                 = 411;
	const PRECONDITION_FAILED             = 412;
	const REQUEST_ENTITY_TOO_LARGE        = 413;
	const REQUEST_URI_TOO_LONG            = 414;
	const UNSUPPORTED_MEDIA_TYPE          = 415;
	const REQUESTED_RANGE_NOT_SATISFIABLE = 416;
	const EXPECTATION_FAILED              = 417;
	const IM_A_TEAPOT                     = 418;
	const MISDIRECTED_REQUEST             = 421;
	const UNPROCESSABLE_ENTITY            = 422;
	const LOCKED                          = 423;
	const FAILED_DEPENDENCY               = 424;
	const UPGRADE_REQUIRED                = 426;
	const PRECONDITION_REQUIRED           = 428;
	const TOO_MANY_REQUESTS               = 429;
	const REQUEST_HEADER_FIELDS_TOO_LARGE = 431;
	const UNAVAILABLE_FOR_LEGAL_REASONS   = 451;

	const INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR           = 500;
	const NOT_IMPLEMENTED                 = 501;
	const BAD_GATEWAY                     = 502;
	const SERVICE_UNAVAILABLE             = 503;
	const GATEWAY_TIMEOUT                 = 504;
	const HTTP_VERSION_NOT_SUPPORTED      = 505;
	const VARIANT_ALSO_NEGOTIATES         = 506;
	const INSUFFICIENT_STORAGE            = 507;
	const NOT_EXTENDED                    = 510;
	const NETWORK_AUTHENTICATION_REQUIRED = 511;

	/**
	 * Send an HTTP request to a URI.
	 *
	 * Please note: The only URI that are supported in the HTTP Transport implementation
	 * are the HTTP and HTTPS protocols.
	 *
	 * @since 2.7.0
	 *
	 * @param string       $url  The request URL.
	 * @param string|array $args {
	 *     Optional. Array or string of HTTP request arguments.
	 *
	 *     @type string       $method              Request method. Accepts 'GET', 'POST', 'HEAD', 'PUT', 'DELETE',
	 *                                             'TRACE', 'OPTIONS', or 'PATCH'.
	 *                                             Some transports technically allow others, but should not be
	 *                                             assumed. Default 'GET'.
	 *     @type float        $timeout             How long the connection should stay open in seconds. Default 5.
	 *     @type int          $redirection         Number of allowed redirects. Not supported by all transports
	 *                                             Default 5.
	 *     @type string       $httpversion         Version of the HTTP protocol to use. Accepts '1.0' and '1.1'.
	 *                                             Default '1.0'.
	 *     @type string       $user-agent          User-agent value sent.
	 *                                             Default 'WordPress/' . get_bloginfo( 'version' ) . '; ' . get_bloginfo( 'url' ).
	 *     @type bool         $reject_unsafe_urls  Whether to pass URLs through wp_http_validate_url().
	 *                                             Default false.
	 *     @type bool         $blocking            Whether the calling code requires the result of the request.
	 *                                             If set to false, the request will be sent to the remote server,
	 *                                             and processing returned to the calling code immediately, the caller
	 *                                             will know if the request succeeded or failed, but will not receive
	 *                                             any response from the remote server. Default true.
	 *     @type string|array $headers             Array or string of headers to send with the request.
	 *                                             Default empty array.
	 *     @type array        $cookies             List of cookies to send with the request. Default empty array.
	 *     @type string|array $body                Body to send with the request. Default null.
	 *     @type bool         $compress            Whether to compress the $body when sending the request.
	 *                                             Default false.
	 *     @type bool         $decompress          Whether to decompress a compressed response. If set to false and
	 *                                             compressed content is returned in the response anyway, it will
	 *                                             need to be separately decompressed. Default true.
	 *     @type bool         $sslverify           Whether to verify SSL for the request. Default true.
	 *     @type string       $sslcertificates     Absolute path to an SSL certificate .crt file.
	 *                                             Default ABSPATH . WPINC . '/certificates/ca-bundle.crt'.
	 *     @type bool         $stream              Whether to stream to a file. If set to true and no filename was
	 *                                             given, it will be droped it in the WP temp dir and its name will
	 *                                             be set using the basename of the URL. Default false.
	 *     @type string       $filename            Filename of the file to write to when streaming. $stream must be
	 *                                             set to true. Default null.
	 *     @type int          $limit_response_size Size in bytes to limit the response to. Default null.
	 *
	 * }
	 * @return array|WP_Error Array containing 'headers', 'body', 'response', 'cookies', 'filename'.
	 *                        A WP_Error instance upon error.
	 */
	public function request( $url, $args = array() ) {
		$defaults = array(
			'method'              => 'GET',
			/**
			 * Filters the timeout value for an HTTP request.
			 *
			 * @since 2.7.0
			 * @since 5.1.0 The `$url` parameter was added.
			 *
			 * @param float  $timeout_value Time in seconds until a request times out. Default 5.
			 * @param string $url           The request URL.
			 */
			'timeout'             => apply_filters( 'http_request_timeout', 5, $url ),
			/**
			 * Filters the number of redirects allowed during an HTTP request.
			 *
			 * @since 2.7.0
			 * @since 5.1.0 The `$url` parameter was added.
			 *
			 * @param int    $redirect_count Number of redirects allowed. Default 5.
			 * @param string $url            The request URL.
			 */
			'redirection'         => apply_filters( 'http_request_redirection_count', 5, $url ),
			/**
			 * Filters the version of the HTTP protocol used in a request.
			 *
			 * @since 2.7.0
			 * @since 5.1.0 The `$url` parameter was added.
			 *
			 * @param string $version Version of HTTP used. Accepts '1.0' and '1.1'. Default '1.0'.
			 * @param string $url     The request URL.
			 */
			'httpversion'         => apply_filters( 'http_request_version', '1.0', $url ),
			/**
			 * Filters the user agent value sent with an HTTP request.
			 *
			 * @since 2.7.0
			 * @since 5.1.0 The `$url` parameter was added.
			 *
			 * @param string $user_agent WordPress user agent string.
			 * @param string $url        The request URL.
			 */
			'user-agent'          => apply_filters( 'http_headers_useragent', 'WordPress/' . get_bloginfo( 'version' ) . '; ' . get_bloginfo( 'url' ), $url ),
			/**
			 * Filters whether to pass URLs through wp_http_validate_url() in an HTTP request.
			 *
			 * @since 3.6.0
			 * @since 5.1.0 The `$url` parameter was added.
			 *
			 * @param bool   $pass_url Whether to pass URLs through wp_http_validate_url(). Default false.
			 * @param string $url      The request URL.
			 */
			'reject_unsafe_urls'  => apply_filters( 'http_request_reject_unsafe_urls', false, $url ),
			'blocking'            => true,
			'headers'             => array(),
			'cookies'             => array(),
			'body'                => null,
			'compress'            => false,
			'decompress'          => true,
			'sslverify'           => true,
			'sslcertificates'     => ABSPATH . WPINC . '/certificates/ca-bundle.crt',
			'stream'              => false,
			'filename'            => null,
			'limit_response_size' => null,
		);

		// Pre-parse for the HEAD checks.
		$args = wp_parse_args( $args );

		// By default, HEAD requests do not cause redirections.
		if ( isset( $args['method'] ) && 'HEAD' === $args['method'] ) {
			$defaults['redirection'] = 0;
		}

		$parsed_args = wp_parse_args( $args, $defaults );
		/**
		 * Filters the arguments used in an HTTP request.
		 *
		 * @since 2.7.0
		 *
		 * @param array  $parsed_args An array of HTTP request arguments.
		 * @param string $url         The request URL.
		 */
		$parsed_args = apply_filters( 'http_request_args', $parsed_args, $url );

		// The transports decrement this, store a copy of the original value for loop purposes.
		if ( ! isset( $parsed_args['_redirection'] ) ) {
			$parsed_args['_redirection'] = $parsed_args['redirection'];
		}

		/**
		 * Filters the preemptive return value of an HTTP request.
		 *
		 * Returning a non-false value from the filter will short-circuit the HTTP request and return
		 * early with that value. A filter should return one of:
		 *
		 *  - An array containing 'headers', 'body', 'response', 'cookies', and 'filename' elements
		 *  - A WP_Error instance
		 *  - boolean false to avoid short-circuiting the response
		 *
		 * Returning any other value may result in unexpected behaviour.
		 *
		 * @since 2.9.0
		 *
		 * @param false|array|WP_Error $preempt     A preemptive return value of an HTTP request. Default false.
		 * @param array                $parsed_args HTTP request arguments.
		 * @param string               $url         The request URL.
		 */
		$pre = apply_filters( 'pre_http_request', false, $parsed_args, $url );

		if ( false !== $pre ) {
			return $pre;
		}

		if ( function_exists( 'wp_kses_bad_protocol' ) ) {
			if ( $parsed_args['reject_unsafe_urls'] ) {
				$url = wp_http_validate_url( $url );
			}
			if ( $url ) {
				$url = wp_kses_bad_protocol( $url, array( 'http', 'https', 'ssl' ) );
			}
		}

		$arrURL = parse_url( $url );

		if ( empty( $url ) || empty( $arrURL['scheme'] ) ) {
			$response = new WP_Error( 'http_request_failed', __( 'A valid URL was not provided.' ) );
			/** This action is documented in wp-includes/class-http.php */
			do_action( 'http_api_debug', $response, 'response', 'Requests', $parsed_args, $url );
			return $response;
		}

		if ( $this->block_request( $url ) ) {
			$response = new WP_Error( 'http_request_not_executed', __( 'User has blocked requests through HTTP.' ) );
			/** This action is documented in wp-includes/class-http.php */
			do_action( 'http_api_debug', $response, 'response', 'Requests', $parsed_args, $url );
			return $response;
		}

		// If we are streaming to a file but no filename was given drop it in the WP temp dir
		// and pick its name using the basename of the $url.
		if ( $parsed_args['stream'] ) {
			if ( empty( $parsed_args['filename'] ) ) {
				$parsed_args['filename'] = get_temp_dir() . basename( $url );
			}

			// Force some settings if we are streaming to a file and check for existence
			// and perms of destination directory.
			$parsed_args['blocking'] = true;
			if ( ! wp_is_writable( dirname( $parsed_args['filename'] ) ) ) {
				$response = new WP_Error( 'http_request_failed', __( 'Destination directory for file streaming does not exist or is not writable.' ) );
				/** This action is documented in wp-includes/class-http.php */
				do_action( 'http_api_debug', $response, 'response', 'Requests', $parsed_args, $url );
				return $response;
			}
		}

		if ( is_null( $parsed_args['headers'] ) ) {
			$parsed_args['headers'] = array();
		}

		// WP allows passing in headers as a string, weirdly.
		if ( ! is_array( $parsed_args['headers'] ) ) {
			$processedHeaders       = WP_Http::processHeaders( $parsed_args['headers'] );
			$parsed_args['headers'] = $processedHeaders['headers'];
		}

		// Setup arguments.
		$headers = $parsed_args['headers'];
		$data    = $parsed_args['body'];
		$type    = $parsed_args['method'];
		$options = array(
			'timeout'   => $parsed_args['timeout'],
			'useragent' => $parsed_args['user-agent'],
			'blocking'  => $parsed_args['blocking'],
			'hooks'     => new WP_HTTP_Requests_Hooks( $url, $parsed_args ),
		);

		// Ensure redirects follow browser behaviour.
		$options['hooks']->register( 'requests.before_redirect', array( get_class(), 'browser_redirect_compatibility' ) );

		// Validate redirected URLs.
		if ( function_exists( 'wp_kses_bad_protocol' ) && $parsed_args['reject_unsafe_urls'] ) {
			$options['hooks']->register( 'requests.before_redirect', array( get_class(), 'validate_redirects' ) );
		}

		if ( $parsed_args['stream'] ) {
			$options['filename'] = $parsed_args['filename'];
		}
		if ( empty( $parsed_args['redirection'] ) ) {
			$options['follow_redirects'] = false;
		} else {
			$options['redirects'] = $parsed_args['redirection'];
		}

		// Use byte limit, if we can.
		if ( isset( $parsed_args['limit_response_size'] ) ) {
			$options['max_bytes'] = $parsed_args['limit_response_size'];
		}

		// If we've got cookies, use and convert them to Requests_Cookie.
		if ( ! empty( $parsed_args['cookies'] ) ) {
			$options['cookies'] = WP_Http::normalize_cookies( $parsed_args['cookies'] );
		}

		// SSL certificate handling.
		if ( ! $parsed_args['sslverify'] ) {
			$options['verify']     = false;
			$options['verifyname'] = false;
		} else {
			$options['verify'] = $parsed_args['sslcertificates'];
		}

		// All non-GET/HEAD requests should put the arguments in the form body.
		if ( 'HEAD' !== $type && 'GET' !== $type ) {
			$options['data_format'] = 'body';
		}

		/**
		 * Filters whether SSL should be verified for non-local requests.
		 *
		 * @since 2.8.0
		 * @since 5.1.0 The `$url` parameter was added.
		 *
		 * @param bool   $ssl_verify Whether to verify the SSL connection. Default true.
		 * @param string $url        The request URL.
		 */
		$options['verify'] = apply_filters( 'https_ssl_verify', $options['verify'], $url );

		// Check for proxies.
		$proxy = new WP_HTTP_Proxy();
		if ( $proxy->is_enabled() && $proxy->send_through_proxy( $url ) ) {
			$options['proxy'] = new Requests_Proxy_HTTP( $proxy->host() . ':' . $proxy->port() );

			if ( $proxy->use_authentication() ) {
				$options['proxy']->use_authentication = true;
				$options['proxy']->user               = $proxy->username();
				$options['proxy']->pass               = $proxy->password();
			}
		}

		// Avoid issues where mbstring.func_overload is enabled.
		mbstring_binary_safe_encoding();

		try {
			$requests_response = Requests::request( $url, $headers, $data, $type, $options );

			// Convert the response into an array.
			$http_response = new WP_HTTP_Requests_Response( $requests_response, $parsed_args['filename'] );
			$response      = $http_response->to_array();

			// Add the original object to the array.
			$response['http_response'] = $http_response;
		} catch ( Requests_Exception $e ) {
			$response = new WP_Error( 'http_request_failed', $e->getMessage() );
		}

		reset_mbstring_encoding();

		/**
		 * Fires after an HTTP API response is received and before the response is returned.
		 *
		 * @since 2.8.0
		 *
		 * @param array|WP_Error $response    HTTP response or WP_Error object.
		 * @param string         $context     Context under which the hook is fired.
		 * @param string         $class       HTTP transport used.
		 * @param array          $parsed_args HTTP request arguments.
		 * @param string         $url         The request URL.
		 */
		do_action( 'http_api_debug', $response, 'response', 'Requests', $parsed_args, $url );
		if ( is_wp_error( $response ) ) {
			return $response;
		}

		if ( ! $parsed_args['blocking'] ) {
			return array(
				'headers'       => array(),
				'body'          => '',
				'response'      => array(
					'code'    => false,
					'message' => false,
				),
				'cookies'       => array(),
				'http_response' => null,
			);
		}

		/**
		 * Filters the HTTP API response immediately before the response is returned.
		 *
		 * @since 2.9.0
		 *
		 * @param array  $response    HTTP response.
		 * @param array  $parsed_args HTTP request arguments.
		 * @param string $url         The request URL.
		 */
		return apply_filters( 'http_response', $response, $parsed_args, $url );
	}

	/**
	 * Normalizes cookies for using in Requests.
	 *
	 * @since 4.6.0
	 *
	 * @param array $cookies Array of cookies to send with the request.
	 * @return Requests_Cookie_Jar Cookie holder object.
	 */
	public static function normalize_cookies( $cookies ) {
		$cookie_jar = new Requests_Cookie_Jar();

		foreach ( $cookies as $name => $value ) {
			if ( $value instanceof WP_Http_Cookie ) {
				$cookie_jar[ $value->name ] = new Requests_Cookie( $value->name, $value->value, $value->get_attributes(), array( 'host-only' => $value->host_only ) );
			} elseif ( is_scalar( $value ) ) {
				$cookie_jar[ $name ] = new Requests_Cookie( $name, $value );
			}
		}

		return $cookie_jar;
	}

	/**
	 * Match redirect behaviour to browser handling.
	 *
	 * Changes 302 redirects from POST to GET to match browser handling. Per
	 * RFC 7231, user agents can deviate from the strict reading of the
	 * specification for compatibility purposes.
	 *
	 * @since 4.6.0
	 *
	 * @param string            $location URL to redirect to.
	 * @param array             $headers  Headers for the redirect.
	 * @param string|array      $data     Body to send with the request.
	 * @param array             $options  Redirect request options.
	 * @param Requests_Response $original Response object.
	 */
	public static function browser_redirect_compatibility( $location, $headers, $data, &$options, $original ) {
		// Browser compatibility.
		if ( 302 === $original->status_code ) {
			$options['type'] = Requests::GET;
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Validate redirected URLs.
	 *
	 * @since 4.7.5
	 *
	 * @throws Requests_Exception On unsuccessful URL validation.
	 * @param string $location URL to redirect to.
	 */
	public static function validate_redirects( $location ) {
		if ( ! wp_http_validate_url( $location ) ) {
			throw new Requests_Exception( __( 'A valid URL was not provided.' ), 'wp_http.redirect_failed_validation' );
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Tests which transports are capable of supporting the request.
	 *
	 * @since 3.2.0
	 *
	 * @param array  $args Request arguments.
	 * @param string $url  URL to request.
	 * @return string|false Class name for the first transport that claims to support the request.
	 *                      False if no transport claims to support the request.
	 */
	public function _get_first_available_transport( $args, $url = null ) {
		$transports = array( 'curl', 'streams' );

		/**
		 * Filters which HTTP transports are available and in what order.
		 *
		 * @since 3.7.0
		 *
		 * @param string[] $transports Array of HTTP transports to check. Default array contains
		 *                             'curl' and 'streams', in that order.
		 * @param array    $args       HTTP request arguments.
		 * @param string   $url        The URL to request.
		 */
		$request_order = apply_filters( 'http_api_transports', $transports, $args, $url );

		// Loop over each transport on each HTTP request looking for one which will serve this request's needs.
		foreach ( $request_order as $transport ) {
			if ( in_array( $transport, $transports, true ) ) {
				$transport = ucfirst( $transport );
			}
			$class = 'WP_Http_' . $transport;

			// Check to see if this transport is a possibility, calls the transport statically.
			if ( ! call_user_func( array( $class, 'test' ), $args, $url ) ) {
				continue;
			}

			return $class;
		}

		return false;
	}

	/**
	 * Dispatches a HTTP request to a supporting transport.
	 *
	 * Tests each transport in order to find a transport which matches the request arguments.
	 * Also caches the transport instance to be used later.
	 *
	 * The order for requests is cURL, and then PHP Streams.
	 *
	 * @since 3.2.0
	 * @deprecated 5.1.0 Use WP_Http::request()
	 * @see WP_Http::request()
	 *
	 * @param string $url  URL to request.
	 * @param array  $args Request arguments.
	 * @return array|WP_Error Array containing 'headers', 'body', 'response', 'cookies', 'filename'.
	 *                        A WP_Error instance upon error.
	 */
	private function _dispatch_request( $url, $args ) {
		static $transports = array();

		$class = $this->_get_first_available_transport( $args, $url );
		if ( ! $class ) {
			return new WP_Error( 'http_failure', __( 'There are no HTTP transports available which can complete the requested request.' ) );
		}

		// Transport claims to support request, instantiate it and give it a whirl.
		if ( empty( $transports[ $class ] ) ) {
			$transports[ $class ] = new $class;
		}

		$response = $transports[ $class ]->request( $url, $args );

		/** This action is documented in wp-includes/class-http.php */
		do_action( 'http_api_debug', $response, 'response', $class, $args, $url );

		if ( is_wp_error( $response ) ) {
			return $response;
		}

		/** This filter is documented in wp-includes/class-http.php */
		return apply_filters( 'http_response', $response, $args, $url );
	}

	/**
	 * Uses the POST HTTP method.
	 *
	 * Used for sending data that is expected to be in the body.
	 *
	 * @since 2.7.0
	 *
	 * @param string       $url  The request URL.
	 * @param string|array $args Optional. Override the defaults.
	 * @return array|WP_Error Array containing 'headers', 'body', 'response', 'cookies', 'filename'.
	 *                        A WP_Error instance upon error.
	 */
	public function post( $url, $args = array() ) {
		$defaults    = array( 'method' => 'POST' );
		$parsed_args = wp_parse_args( $args, $defaults );
		return $this->request( $url, $parsed_args );
	}

	/**
	 * Uses the GET HTTP method.
	 *
	 * Used for sending data that is expected to be in the body.
	 *
	 * @since 2.7.0
	 *
	 * @param string       $url  The request URL.
	 * @param string|array $args Optional. Override the defaults.
	 * @return array|WP_Error Array containing 'headers', 'body', 'response', 'cookies', 'filename'.
	 *                        A WP_Error instance upon error.
	 */
	public function get( $url, $args = array() ) {
		$defaults    = array( 'method' => 'GET' );
		$parsed_args = wp_parse_args( $args, $defaults );
		return $this->request( $url, $parsed_args );
	}

	/**
	 * Uses the HEAD HTTP method.
	 *
	 * Used for sending data that is expected to be in the body.
	 *
	 * @since 2.7.0
	 *
	 * @param string       $url  The request URL.
	 * @param string|array $args Optional. Override the defaults.
	 * @return array|WP_Error Array containing 'headers', 'body', 'response', 'cookies', 'filename'.
	 *                        A WP_Error instance upon error.
	 */
	public function head( $url, $args = array() ) {
		$defaults    = array( 'method' => 'HEAD' );
		$parsed_args = wp_parse_args( $args, $defaults );
		return $this->request( $url, $parsed_args );
	}

	/**
	 * Parses the responses and splits the parts into headers and body.
	 *
	 * @since 2.7.0
	 *
	 * @param string $strResponse The full response string.
	 * @return array {
	 *     Array with response headers and body.
	 *
	 *     @type string $headers HTTP response headers.
	 *     @type string $body    HTTP response body.
	 * }
	 */
	public static function processResponse( $strResponse ) { // phpcs:ignore WordPress.NamingConventions.ValidFunctionName.MethodNameInvalid
		$res = explode( "\r\n\r\n", $strResponse, 2 );

		return array(
			'headers' => $res[0],
			'body'    => isset( $res[1] ) ? $res[1] : '',
		);
	}

	/**
	 * Transforms header string into an array.
	 *
	 * @since 2.7.0
	 *
	 * @param string|array $headers The original headers. If a string is passed, it will be converted
	 *                              to an array. If an array is passed, then it is assumed to be
	 *                              raw header data with numeric keys with the headers as the values.
	 *                              No headers must be passed that were already processed.
	 * @param string       $url     Optional. The URL that was requested. Default empty.
	 * @return array {
	 *     Processed string headers. If duplicate headers are encountered,
	 *     then a numbered array is returned as the value of that header-key.
	 *
	 *     @type array            $response {
	 *          @type int    $code    The response status code. Default 0.
	 *          @type string $message The response message. Default empty.
	 *     }
	 *     @type array            $newheaders The processed header data as a multidimensional array.
	 *     @type WP_Http_Cookie[] $cookies    If the original headers contain the 'Set-Cookie' key,
	 *                                        an array containing `WP_Http_Cookie` objects is returned.
	 * }
	 */
	public static function processHeaders( $headers, $url = '' ) { // phpcs:ignore WordPress.NamingConventions.ValidFunctionName.MethodNameInvalid
		// Split headers, one per array element.
		if ( is_string( $headers ) ) {
			// Tolerate line terminator: CRLF = LF (RFC 2616 19.3).
			$headers = str_replace( "\r\n", "\n", $headers );
			/*
			 * Unfold folded header fields. LWS = [CRLF] 1*( SP | HT ) <US-ASCII SP, space (32)>,
			 * <US-ASCII HT, horizontal-tab (9)> (RFC 2616 2.2).
			 */
			$headers = preg_replace( '/\n[ \t]/', ' ', $headers );
			// Create the headers array.
			$headers = explode( "\n", $headers );
		}

		$response = array(
			'code'    => 0,
			'message' => '',
		);

		/*
		 * If a redirection has taken place, The headers for each page request may have been passed.
		 * In this case, determine the final HTTP header and parse from there.
		 */
		for ( $i = count( $headers ) - 1; $i >= 0; $i-- ) {
			if ( ! empty( $headers[ $i ] ) && false === strpos( $headers[ $i ], ':' ) ) {
				$headers = array_splice( $headers, $i );
				break;
			}
		}

		$cookies    = array();
		$newheaders = array();
		foreach ( (array) $headers as $tempheader ) {
			if ( empty( $tempheader ) ) {
				continue;
			}

			if ( false === strpos( $tempheader, ':' ) ) {
				$stack   = explode( ' ', $tempheader, 3 );
				$stack[] = '';
				list( , $response['code'], $response['message']) = $stack;
				continue;
			}

			list($key, $value) = explode( ':', $tempheader, 2 );

			$key   = strtolower( $key );
			$value = trim( $value );

			if ( isset( $newheaders[ $key ] ) ) {
				if ( ! is_array( $newheaders[ $key ] ) ) {
					$newheaders[ $key ] = array( $newheaders[ $key ] );
				}
				$newheaders[ $key ][] = $value;
			} else {
				$newheaders[ $key ] = $value;
			}
			if ( 'set-cookie' === $key ) {
				$cookies[] = new WP_Http_Cookie( $value, $url );
			}
		}

		// Cast the Response Code to an int.
		$response['code'] = intval( $response['code'] );

		return array(
			'response' => $response,
			'headers'  => $newheaders,
			'cookies'  => $cookies,
		);
	}

	/**
	 * Takes the arguments for a ::request() and checks for the cookie array.
	 *
	 * If it's found, then it upgrades any basic name => value pairs to WP_Http_Cookie instances,
	 * which are each parsed into strings and added to the Cookie: header (within the arguments array).
	 * Edits the array by reference.
	 *
	 * @since 2.8.0
	 *
	 * @param array $r Full array of args passed into ::request()
	 */
	public static function buildCookieHeader( &$r ) { // phpcs:ignore WordPress.NamingConventions.ValidFunctionName.MethodNameInvalid
		if ( ! empty( $r['cookies'] ) ) {
			// Upgrade any name => value cookie pairs to WP_HTTP_Cookie instances.
			foreach ( $r['cookies'] as $name => $value ) {
				if ( ! is_object( $value ) ) {
					$r['cookies'][ $name ] = new WP_Http_Cookie(
						array(
							'name'  => $name,
							'value' => $value,
						)
					);
				}
			}

			$cookies_header = '';
			foreach ( (array) $r['cookies'] as $cookie ) {
				$cookies_header .= $cookie->getHeaderValue() . '; ';
			}

			$cookies_header         = substr( $cookies_header, 0, -2 );
			$r['headers']['cookie'] = $cookies_header;
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Decodes chunk transfer-encoding, based off the HTTP 1.1 specification.
	 *
	 * Based off the HTTP http_encoding_dechunk function.
	 *
	 * @link https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc2616#section-19.4.6 Process for chunked decoding.
	 *
	 * @since 2.7.0
	 *
	 * @param string $body Body content.
	 * @return string Chunked decoded body on success or raw body on failure.
	 */
	public static function chunkTransferDecode( $body ) { // phpcs:ignore WordPress.NamingConventions.ValidFunctionName.MethodNameInvalid
		// The body is not chunked encoded or is malformed.
		if ( ! preg_match( '/^([0-9a-f]+)[^\r\n]*\r\n/i', trim( $body ) ) ) {
			return $body;
		}

		$parsed_body = '';

		// We'll be altering $body, so need a backup in case of error.
		$body_original = $body;

		while ( true ) {
			$has_chunk = (bool) preg_match( '/^([0-9a-f]+)[^\r\n]*\r\n/i', $body, $match );
			if ( ! $has_chunk || empty( $match[1] ) ) {
				return $body_original;
			}

			$length       = hexdec( $match[1] );
			$chunk_length = strlen( $match[0] );

			// Parse out the chunk of data.
			$parsed_body .= substr( $body, $chunk_length, $length );

			// Remove the chunk from the raw data.
			$body = substr( $body, $length + $chunk_length );

			// End of the document.
			if ( '0' === trim( $body ) ) {
				return $parsed_body;
			}
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Determines whether an HTTP API request to the given URL should be blocked.
	 *
	 * Those who are behind a proxy and want to prevent access to certain hosts may do so. This will
	 * prevent plugins from working and core functionality, if you don't include `api.wordpress.org`.
	 *
	 * You block external URL requests by defining `WP_HTTP_BLOCK_EXTERNAL` as true in your `wp-config.php`
	 * file and this will only allow localhost and your site to make requests. The constant
	 * `WP_ACCESSIBLE_HOSTS` will allow additional hosts to go through for requests. The format of the
	 * `WP_ACCESSIBLE_HOSTS` constant is a comma separated list of hostnames to allow, wildcard domains
	 * are supported, eg `*.wordpress.org` will allow for all subdomains of `wordpress.org` to be contacted.
	 *
	 * @since 2.8.0
	 *
	 * @link https://core.trac.wordpress.org/ticket/8927 Allow preventing external requests.
	 * @link https://core.trac.wordpress.org/ticket/14636 Allow wildcard domains in WP_ACCESSIBLE_HOSTS
	 *
	 * @param string $uri URI of url.
	 * @return bool True to block, false to allow.
	 */
	public function block_request( $uri ) {
		// We don't need to block requests, because nothing is blocked.
		if ( ! defined( 'WP_HTTP_BLOCK_EXTERNAL' ) || ! WP_HTTP_BLOCK_EXTERNAL ) {
			return false;
		}

		$check = parse_url( $uri );
		if ( ! $check ) {
			return true;
		}

		$home = parse_url( get_option( 'siteurl' ) );

		// Don't block requests back to ourselves by default.
		if ( 'localhost' === $check['host'] || ( isset( $home['host'] ) && $home['host'] == $check['host'] ) ) {
			/**
			 * Filters whether to block local HTTP API requests.
			 *
			 * A local request is one to `localhost` or to the same host as the site itself.
			 *
			 * @since 2.8.0
			 *
			 * @param bool $block Whether to block local requests. Default false.
			 */
			return apply_filters( 'block_local_requests', false );
		}

		if ( ! defined( 'WP_ACCESSIBLE_HOSTS' ) ) {
			return true;
		}

		static $accessible_hosts = null;
		static $wildcard_regex   = array();
		if ( null === $accessible_hosts ) {
			$accessible_hosts = preg_split( '|,\s*|', WP_ACCESSIBLE_HOSTS );

			if ( false !== strpos( WP_ACCESSIBLE_HOSTS, '*' ) ) {
				$wildcard_regex = array();
				foreach ( $accessible_hosts as $host ) {
					$wildcard_regex[] = str_replace( '\*', '.+', preg_quote( $host, '/' ) );
				}
				$wildcard_regex = '/^(' . implode( '|', $wildcard_regex ) . ')$/i';
			}
		}

		if ( ! empty( $wildcard_regex ) ) {
			return ! preg_match( $wildcard_regex, $check['host'] );
		} else {
			return ! in_array( $check['host'], $accessible_hosts, true ); // Inverse logic, if it's in the array, then don't block it.
		}

	}

	/**
	 * Used as a wrapper for PHP's parse_url() function that handles edgecases in < PHP 5.4.7.
	 *
	 * @deprecated 4.4.0 Use wp_parse_url()
	 * @see wp_parse_url()
	 *
	 * @param string $url The URL to parse.
	 * @return bool|array False on failure; Array of URL components on success;
	 *                    See parse_url()'s return values.
	 */
	protected static function parse_url( $url ) {
		_deprecated_function( __METHOD__, '4.4.0', 'wp_parse_url()' );
		return wp_parse_url( $url );
	}

	/**
	 * Converts a relative URL to an absolute URL relative to a given URL.
	 *
	 * If an Absolute URL is provided, no processing of that URL is done.
	 *
	 * @since 3.4.0
	 *
	 * @param string $maybe_relative_path The URL which might be relative.
	 * @param string $url                 The URL which $maybe_relative_path is relative to.
	 * @return string An Absolute URL, in a failure condition where the URL cannot be parsed, the relative URL will be returned.
	 */
	public static function make_absolute_url( $maybe_relative_path, $url ) {
		if ( empty( $url ) ) {
			return $maybe_relative_path;
		}

		$url_parts = wp_parse_url( $url );
		if ( ! $url_parts ) {
			return $maybe_relative_path;
		}

		$relative_url_parts = wp_parse_url( $maybe_relative_path );
		if ( ! $relative_url_parts ) {
			return $maybe_relative_path;
		}

		// Check for a scheme on the 'relative' URL.
		if ( ! empty( $relative_url_parts['scheme'] ) ) {
			return $maybe_relative_path;
		}

		$absolute_path = $url_parts['scheme'] . '://';

		// Schemeless URLs will make it this far, so we check for a host in the relative URL
		// and convert it to a protocol-URL.
		if ( isset( $relative_url_parts['host'] ) ) {
			$absolute_path .= $relative_url_parts['host'];
			if ( isset( $relative_url_parts['port'] ) ) {
				$absolute_path .= ':' . $relative_url_parts['port'];
			}
		} else {
			$absolute_path .= $url_parts['host'];
			if ( isset( $url_parts['port'] ) ) {
				$absolute_path .= ':' . $url_parts['port'];
			}
		}

		// Start off with the absolute URL path.
		$path = ! empty( $url_parts['path'] ) ? $url_parts['path'] : '/';

		// If it's a root-relative path, then great.
		if ( ! empty( $relative_url_parts['path'] ) && '/' === $relative_url_parts['path'][0] ) {
			$path = $relative_url_parts['path'];

			// Else it's a relative path.
		} elseif ( ! empty( $relative_url_parts['path'] ) ) {
			// Strip off any file components from the absolute path.
			$path = substr( $path, 0, strrpos( $path, '/' ) + 1 );

			// Build the new path.
			$path .= $relative_url_parts['path'];

			// Strip all /path/../ out of the path.
			while ( strpos( $path, '../' ) > 1 ) {
				$path = preg_replace( '![^/]+/\.\./!', '', $path );
			}

			// Strip any final leading ../ from the path.
			$path = preg_replace( '!^/(\.\./)+!', '', $path );
		}

		// Add the query string.
		if ( ! empty( $relative_url_parts['query'] ) ) {
			$path .= '?' . $relative_url_parts['query'];
		}

		return $absolute_path . '/' . ltrim( $path, '/' );
	}

	/**
	 * Handles an HTTP redirect and follows it if appropriate.
	 *
	 * @since 3.7.0
	 *
	 * @param string $url      The URL which was requested.
	 * @param array  $args     The arguments which were used to make the request.
	 * @param array  $response The response of the HTTP request.
	 * @return array|false|WP_Error An HTTP API response array if the redirect is successfully followed,
	 *                              false if no redirect is present, or a WP_Error object if there's an error.
	 */
	public static function handle_redirects( $url, $args, $response ) {
		// If no redirects are present, or, redirects were not requested, perform no action.
		if ( ! isset( $response['headers']['location'] ) || 0 === $args['_redirection'] ) {
			return false;
		}

		// Only perform redirections on redirection http codes.
		if ( $response['response']['code'] > 399 || $response['response']['code'] < 300 ) {
			return false;
		}

		// Don't redirect if we've run out of redirects.
		if ( $args['redirection']-- <= 0 ) {
			return new WP_Error( 'http_request_failed', __( 'Too many redirects.' ) );
		}

		$redirect_location = $response['headers']['location'];

		// If there were multiple Location headers, use the last header specified.
		if ( is_array( $redirect_location ) ) {
			$redirect_location = array_pop( $redirect_location );
		}

		$redirect_location = WP_Http::make_absolute_url( $redirect_location, $url );

		// POST requests should not POST to a redirected location.
		if ( 'POST' === $args['method'] ) {
			if ( in_array( $response['response']['code'], array( 302, 303 ), true ) ) {
				$args['method'] = 'GET';
			}
		}

		// Include valid cookies in the redirect process.
		if ( ! empty( $response['cookies'] ) ) {
			foreach ( $response['cookies'] as $cookie ) {
				if ( $cookie->test( $redirect_location ) ) {
					$args['cookies'][] = $cookie;
				}
			}
		}

		return wp_remote_request( $redirect_location, $args );
	}

	/**
	 * Determines if a specified string represents an IP address or not.
	 *
	 * This function also detects the type of the IP address, returning either
	 * '4' or '6' to represent a IPv4 and IPv6 address respectively.
	 * This does not verify if the IP is a valid IP, only that it appears to be
	 * an IP address.
	 *
	 * @link http://home.deds.nl/~aeron/regex/ for IPv6 regex.
	 *
	 * @since 3.7.0
	 *
	 * @param string $maybe_ip A suspected IP address.
	 * @return integer|bool Upon success, '4' or '6' to represent a IPv4 or IPv6 address, false upon failure
	 */
	public static function is_ip_address( $maybe_ip ) {
		if ( preg_match( '/^\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3}$/', $maybe_ip ) ) {
			return 4;
		}

		if ( false !== strpos( $maybe_ip, ':' ) && preg_match( '/^(((?=.*(::))(?!.*\3.+\3))\3?|([\dA-F]{1,4}(\3|:\b|$)|\2))(?4){5}((?4){2}|(((2[0-4]|1\d|[1-9])?\d|25[0-5])\.?\b){4})$/i', trim( $maybe_ip, ' []' ) ) ) {
			return 6;
		}

		return false;
	}

}

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Version Description
2.7.0 Introduced.

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