wp_image_add_srcset_and_sizes( string $image, array $image_meta, int $attachment_id )

Adds ‘srcset’ and ‘sizes’ attributes to an existing ‘img’ element.


Description Description


Parameters Parameters

$image

(string) (Required) An HTML 'img' element to be filtered.

$image_meta

(array) (Required) The image meta data as returned by 'wp_get_attachment_metadata()'.

$attachment_id

(int) (Required) Image attachment ID.


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Return Return

(string) Converted 'img' element with 'srcset' and 'sizes' attributes added.


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Source Source

File: wp-includes/media.php

function wp_image_add_srcset_and_sizes( $image, $image_meta, $attachment_id ) {
	// Ensure the image meta exists.
	if ( empty( $image_meta['sizes'] ) ) {
		return $image;
	}

	$image_src = preg_match( '/src="([^"]+)"/', $image, $match_src ) ? $match_src[1] : '';
	list( $image_src ) = explode( '?', $image_src );

	// Return early if we couldn't get the image source.
	if ( ! $image_src ) {
		return $image;
	}

	// Bail early if an image has been inserted and later edited.
	if ( preg_match( '/-e[0-9]{13}/', $image_meta['file'], $img_edit_hash ) &&
		strpos( wp_basename( $image_src ), $img_edit_hash[0] ) === false ) {

		return $image;
	}

	$width  = preg_match( '/ width="([0-9]+)"/',  $image, $match_width  ) ? (int) $match_width[1]  : 0;
	$height = preg_match( '/ height="([0-9]+)"/', $image, $match_height ) ? (int) $match_height[1] : 0;

	if ( ! $width || ! $height ) {
		/*
		 * If attempts to parse the size value failed, attempt to use the image meta data to match
		 * the image file name from 'src' against the available sizes for an attachment.
		 */
		$image_filename = wp_basename( $image_src );

		if ( $image_filename === wp_basename( $image_meta['file'] ) ) {
			$width = (int) $image_meta['width'];
			$height = (int) $image_meta['height'];
		} else {
			foreach( $image_meta['sizes'] as $image_size_data ) {
				if ( $image_filename === $image_size_data['file'] ) {
					$width = (int) $image_size_data['width'];
					$height = (int) $image_size_data['height'];
					break;
				}
			}
		}
	}

	if ( ! $width || ! $height ) {
		return $image;
	}

	$size_array = array( $width, $height );
	$srcset = wp_calculate_image_srcset( $size_array, $image_src, $image_meta, $attachment_id );

	if ( $srcset ) {
		// Check if there is already a 'sizes' attribute.
		$sizes = strpos( $image, ' sizes=' );

		if ( ! $sizes ) {
			$sizes = wp_calculate_image_sizes( $size_array, $image_src, $image_meta, $attachment_id );
		}
	}

	if ( $srcset && $sizes ) {
		// Format the 'srcset' and 'sizes' string and escape attributes.
		$attr = sprintf( ' srcset="%s"', esc_attr( $srcset ) );

		if ( is_string( $sizes ) ) {
			$attr .= sprintf( ' sizes="%s"', esc_attr( $sizes ) );
		}

		// Add 'srcset' and 'sizes' attributes to the image markup.
		$image = preg_replace( '/<img ([^>]+?)[\/ ]*>/', '<img $1' . $attr . ' />', $image );
	}

	return $image;
}

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Changelog Changelog

Changelog
Version Description
4.4.0 Introduced.

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