hash_equals( string $a, string $b )

Timing attack safe string comparison


Description

Compares two strings using the same time whether they’re equal or not.

Note: It can leak the length of a string when arguments of differing length are supplied.

This function was added in PHP 5.6. However, the Hash extension may be explicitly disabled on select servers. As of PHP 7.4.0, the Hash extension is a core PHP extension and can no longer be disabled. I.e. when PHP 7.4.0 becomes the minimum requirement, this polyfill can be safely removed.


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Parameters

$a

(string) (Required) Expected string.

$b

(string) (Required) Actual, user supplied, string.


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Return

(bool) Whether strings are equal.


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Source

File: wp-includes/compat.php

	function hash_equals( $a, $b ) {
		$a_length = strlen( $a );
		if ( strlen( $b ) !== $a_length ) {
			return false;
		}
		$result = 0;

		// Do not attempt to "optimize" this.
		for ( $i = 0; $i < $a_length; $i++ ) {
			$result |= ord( $a[ $i ] ) ^ ord( $b[ $i ] );
		}

		return 0 === $result;
	}


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Changelog

Changelog
Version Description
3.9.2 Introduced.

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