WP_REST_Attachments_Controller::edit_media_item( WP_REST_Request $request )

Applies edits to a media item and creates a new attachment record.


Parameters Parameters

$request

(WP_REST_Request) (Required) Full details about the request.


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Return Return

(WP_REST_Response|WP_Error) Response object on success, WP_Error object on failure.


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Source Source

File: wp-includes/rest-api/endpoints/class-wp-rest-attachments-controller.php

	public function edit_media_item( $request ) {
		require_once ABSPATH . 'wp-admin/includes/image.php';

		$attachment_id = $request['id'];

		// This also confirms the attachment is an image.
		$image_file = wp_get_original_image_path( $attachment_id );
		$image_meta = wp_get_attachment_metadata( $attachment_id );

		if (
			! $image_meta ||
			! $image_file ||
			! wp_image_file_matches_image_meta( $request['src'], $image_meta, $attachment_id )
		) {
			return new WP_Error(
				'rest_unknown_attachment',
				__( 'Unable to get meta information for file.' ),
				array( 'status' => 404 )
			);
		}

		$supported_types = array( 'image/jpeg', 'image/png', 'image/gif', 'image/webp' );
		$mime_type       = get_post_mime_type( $attachment_id );
		if ( ! in_array( $mime_type, $supported_types, true ) ) {
			return new WP_Error(
				'rest_cannot_edit_file_type',
				__( 'This type of file cannot be edited.' ),
				array( 'status' => 400 )
			);
		}

		// The `modifiers` param takes precedence over the older format.
		if ( isset( $request['modifiers'] ) ) {
			$modifiers = $request['modifiers'];
		} else {
			$modifiers = array();

			if ( ! empty( $request['rotation'] ) ) {
				$modifiers[] = array(
					'type' => 'rotate',
					'args' => array(
						'angle' => $request['rotation'],
					),
				);
			}

			if ( isset( $request['x'], $request['y'], $request['width'], $request['height'] ) ) {
				$modifiers[] = array(
					'type' => 'crop',
					'args' => array(
						'left'   => $request['x'],
						'top'    => $request['y'],
						'width'  => $request['width'],
						'height' => $request['height'],
					),
				);
			}

			if ( 0 === count( $modifiers ) ) {
				return new WP_Error(
					'rest_image_not_edited',
					__( 'The image was not edited. Edit the image before applying the changes.' ),
					array( 'status' => 400 )
				);
			}
		}

		/*
		 * If the file doesn't exist, attempt a URL fopen on the src link.
		 * This can occur with certain file replication plugins.
		 * Keep the original file path to get a modified name later.
		 */
		$image_file_to_edit = $image_file;
		if ( ! file_exists( $image_file_to_edit ) ) {
			$image_file_to_edit = _load_image_to_edit_path( $attachment_id );
		}

		$image_editor = wp_get_image_editor( $image_file_to_edit );

		if ( is_wp_error( $image_editor ) ) {
			return new WP_Error(
				'rest_unknown_image_file_type',
				__( 'Unable to edit this image.' ),
				array( 'status' => 500 )
			);
		}

		foreach ( $modifiers as $modifier ) {
			$args = $modifier['args'];
			switch ( $modifier['type'] ) {
				case 'rotate':
					// Rotation direction: clockwise vs. counter clockwise.
					$rotate = 0 - $args['angle'];

					if ( 0 !== $rotate ) {
						$result = $image_editor->rotate( $rotate );

						if ( is_wp_error( $result ) ) {
							return new WP_Error(
								'rest_image_rotation_failed',
								__( 'Unable to rotate this image.' ),
								array( 'status' => 500 )
							);
						}
					}

					break;

				case 'crop':
					$size = $image_editor->get_size();

					$crop_x = round( ( $size['width'] * $args['left'] ) / 100.0 );
					$crop_y = round( ( $size['height'] * $args['top'] ) / 100.0 );
					$width  = round( ( $size['width'] * $args['width'] ) / 100.0 );
					$height = round( ( $size['height'] * $args['height'] ) / 100.0 );

					if ( $size['width'] !== $width && $size['height'] !== $height ) {
						$result = $image_editor->crop( $crop_x, $crop_y, $width, $height );

						if ( is_wp_error( $result ) ) {
							return new WP_Error(
								'rest_image_crop_failed',
								__( 'Unable to crop this image.' ),
								array( 'status' => 500 )
							);
						}
					}

					break;

			}
		}

		// Calculate the file name.
		$image_ext  = pathinfo( $image_file, PATHINFO_EXTENSION );
		$image_name = wp_basename( $image_file, ".{$image_ext}" );

		// Do not append multiple `-edited` to the file name.
		// The user may be editing a previously edited image.
		if ( preg_match( '/-edited(-\d+)?$/', $image_name ) ) {
			// Remove any `-1`, `-2`, etc. `wp_unique_filename()` will add the proper number.
			$image_name = preg_replace( '/-edited(-\d+)?$/', '-edited', $image_name );
		} else {
			// Append `-edited` before the extension.
			$image_name .= '-edited';
		}

		$filename = "{$image_name}.{$image_ext}";

		// Create the uploads sub-directory if needed.
		$uploads = wp_upload_dir();

		// Make the file name unique in the (new) upload directory.
		$filename = wp_unique_filename( $uploads['path'], $filename );

		// Save to disk.
		$saved = $image_editor->save( $uploads['path'] . "/$filename" );

		if ( is_wp_error( $saved ) ) {
			return $saved;
		}

		// Create new attachment post.
		$new_attachment_post = array(
			'post_mime_type' => $saved['mime-type'],
			'guid'           => $uploads['url'] . "/$filename",
			'post_title'     => $image_name,
			'post_content'   => '',
		);

		// Copy post_content, post_excerpt, and post_title from the edited image's attachment post.
		$attachment_post = get_post( $attachment_id );

		if ( $attachment_post ) {
			$new_attachment_post['post_content'] = $attachment_post->post_content;
			$new_attachment_post['post_excerpt'] = $attachment_post->post_excerpt;
			$new_attachment_post['post_title']   = $attachment_post->post_title;
		}

		$new_attachment_id = wp_insert_attachment( wp_slash( $new_attachment_post ), $saved['path'], 0, true );

		if ( is_wp_error( $new_attachment_id ) ) {
			if ( 'db_update_error' === $new_attachment_id->get_error_code() ) {
				$new_attachment_id->add_data( array( 'status' => 500 ) );
			} else {
				$new_attachment_id->add_data( array( 'status' => 400 ) );
			}

			return $new_attachment_id;
		}

		// Copy the image alt text from the edited image.
		$image_alt = get_post_meta( $attachment_id, '_wp_attachment_image_alt', true );

		if ( ! empty( $image_alt ) ) {
			// update_post_meta() expects slashed.
			update_post_meta( $new_attachment_id, '_wp_attachment_image_alt', wp_slash( $image_alt ) );
		}

		if ( defined( 'REST_REQUEST' ) && REST_REQUEST ) {
			// Set a custom header with the attachment_id.
			// Used by the browser/client to resume creating image sub-sizes after a PHP fatal error.
			header( 'X-WP-Upload-Attachment-ID: ' . $new_attachment_id );
		}

		// Generate image sub-sizes and meta.
		$new_image_meta = wp_generate_attachment_metadata( $new_attachment_id, $saved['path'] );

		// Copy the EXIF metadata from the original attachment if not generated for the edited image.
		if ( isset( $image_meta['image_meta'] ) && isset( $new_image_meta['image_meta'] ) && is_array( $new_image_meta['image_meta'] ) ) {
			// Merge but skip empty values.
			foreach ( (array) $image_meta['image_meta'] as $key => $value ) {
				if ( empty( $new_image_meta['image_meta'][ $key ] ) && ! empty( $value ) ) {
					$new_image_meta['image_meta'][ $key ] = $value;
				}
			}
		}

		// Reset orientation. At this point the image is edited and orientation is correct.
		if ( ! empty( $new_image_meta['image_meta']['orientation'] ) ) {
			$new_image_meta['image_meta']['orientation'] = 1;
		}

		// The attachment_id may change if the site is exported and imported.
		$new_image_meta['parent_image'] = array(
			'attachment_id' => $attachment_id,
			// Path to the originally uploaded image file relative to the uploads directory.
			'file'          => _wp_relative_upload_path( $image_file ),
		);

		/**
		 * Filters the meta data for the new image created by editing an existing image.
		 *
		 * @since 5.5.0
		 *
		 * @param array $new_image_meta    Meta data for the new image.
		 * @param int   $new_attachment_id Attachment post ID for the new image.
		 * @param int   $attachment_id     Attachment post ID for the edited (parent) image.
		 */
		$new_image_meta = apply_filters( 'wp_edited_image_metadata', $new_image_meta, $new_attachment_id, $attachment_id );

		wp_update_attachment_metadata( $new_attachment_id, $new_image_meta );

		$response = $this->prepare_item_for_response( get_post( $new_attachment_id ), $request );
		$response->set_status( 201 );
		$response->header( 'Location', rest_url( sprintf( '%s/%s/%s', $this->namespace, $this->rest_base, $new_attachment_id ) ) );

		return $response;
	}


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Version Description
5.5.0 Introduced.

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