class WP_HTML_Active_Formatting_Elements {}

Core class used by the HTML processor during HTML parsing for managing the stack of active formatting elements.

Description

This class is designed for internal use by the HTML processor.

Initially, the list of active formatting elements is empty.
It is used to handle mis-nested formatting element tags.

The list contains elements in the formatting category, and markers.
The markers are inserted when entering applet, object, marquee, template, td, th, and caption elements, and are used to prevent formatting from "leaking" into applet, object, marquee, template, td, th, and caption elements.

In addition, each element in the list of active formatting elements is associated with the token for which it was created, so that further elements can be created for that token if necessary.

See also

Methods

NameDescription
WP_HTML_Active_Formatting_Elements::contains_nodeReports if a specific node is in the stack of active formatting elements.
WP_HTML_Active_Formatting_Elements::countReturns how many nodes are currently in the stack of active formatting elements.
WP_HTML_Active_Formatting_Elements::current_nodeReturns the node at the end of the stack of active formatting elements, if one exists. If the stack is empty, returns null.
WP_HTML_Active_Formatting_Elements::pushPushes a node onto the stack of active formatting elements.
WP_HTML_Active_Formatting_Elements::remove_nodeRemoves a node from the stack of active formatting elements.
WP_HTML_Active_Formatting_Elements::walk_downSteps through the stack of active formatting elements, starting with the top element (added first) and walking downwards to the one added last.
WP_HTML_Active_Formatting_Elements::walk_upSteps through the stack of active formatting elements, starting with the bottom element (added last) and walking upwards to the one added first.

Source

class WP_HTML_Active_Formatting_Elements {
	/**
	 * Holds the stack of active formatting element references.
	 *
	 * @since 6.4.0
	 *
	 * @var WP_HTML_Token[]
	 */
	private $stack = array();

	/**
	 * Reports if a specific node is in the stack of active formatting elements.
	 *
	 * @since 6.4.0
	 *
	 * @param WP_HTML_Token $token Look for this node in the stack.
	 * @return bool Whether the referenced node is in the stack of active formatting elements.
	 */
	public function contains_node( $token ) {
		foreach ( $this->walk_up() as $item ) {
			if ( $token->bookmark_name === $item->bookmark_name ) {
				return true;
			}
		}

		return false;
	}

	/**
	 * Returns how many nodes are currently in the stack of active formatting elements.
	 *
	 * @since 6.4.0
	 *
	 * @return int How many node are in the stack of active formatting elements.
	 */
	public function count() {
		return count( $this->stack );
	}

	/**
	 * Returns the node at the end of the stack of active formatting elements,
	 * if one exists. If the stack is empty, returns null.
	 *
	 * @since 6.4.0
	 *
	 * @return WP_HTML_Token|null Last node in the stack of active formatting elements, if one exists, otherwise null.
	 */
	public function current_node() {
		$current_node = end( $this->stack );

		return $current_node ? $current_node : null;
	}

	/**
	 * Pushes a node onto the stack of active formatting elements.
	 *
	 * @since 6.4.0
	 *
	 * @see https://html.spec.whatwg.org/#push-onto-the-list-of-active-formatting-elements
	 *
	 * @param WP_HTML_Token $token Push this node onto the stack.
	 */
	public function push( $token ) {
		/*
		 * > If there are already three elements in the list of active formatting elements after the last marker,
		 * > if any, or anywhere in the list if there are no markers, that have the same tag name, namespace, and
		 * > attributes as element, then remove the earliest such element from the list of active formatting
		 * > elements. For these purposes, the attributes must be compared as they were when the elements were
		 * > created by the parser; two elements have the same attributes if all their parsed attributes can be
		 * > paired such that the two attributes in each pair have identical names, namespaces, and values
		 * > (the order of the attributes does not matter).
		 *
		 * @TODO: Implement the "Noah's Ark clause" to only add up to three of any given kind of formatting elements to the stack.
		 */
		// > Add element to the list of active formatting elements.
		$this->stack[] = $token;
	}

	/**
	 * Removes a node from the stack of active formatting elements.
	 *
	 * @since 6.4.0
	 *
	 * @param WP_HTML_Token $token Remove this node from the stack, if it's there already.
	 * @return bool Whether the node was found and removed from the stack of active formatting elements.
	 */
	public function remove_node( $token ) {
		foreach ( $this->walk_up() as $position_from_end => $item ) {
			if ( $token->bookmark_name !== $item->bookmark_name ) {
				continue;
			}

			$position_from_start = $this->count() - $position_from_end - 1;
			array_splice( $this->stack, $position_from_start, 1 );
			return true;
		}

		return false;
	}

	/**
	 * Steps through the stack of active formatting elements, starting with the
	 * top element (added first) and walking downwards to the one added last.
	 *
	 * This generator function is designed to be used inside a "foreach" loop.
	 *
	 * Example:
	 *
	 *     $html = '<em><strong><a>We are here';
	 *     foreach ( $stack->walk_down() as $node ) {
	 *         echo "{$node->node_name} -> ";
	 *     }
	 *     > EM -> STRONG -> A ->
	 *
	 * To start with the most-recently added element and walk towards the top,
	 * see WP_HTML_Active_Formatting_Elements::walk_up().
	 *
	 * @since 6.4.0
	 */
	public function walk_down() {
		$count = count( $this->stack );

		for ( $i = 0; $i < $count; $i++ ) {
			yield $this->stack[ $i ];
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Steps through the stack of active formatting elements, starting with the
	 * bottom element (added last) and walking upwards to the one added first.
	 *
	 * This generator function is designed to be used inside a "foreach" loop.
	 *
	 * Example:
	 *
	 *     $html = '<em><strong><a>We are here';
	 *     foreach ( $stack->walk_up() as $node ) {
	 *         echo "{$node->node_name} -> ";
	 *     }
	 *     > A -> STRONG -> EM ->
	 *
	 * To start with the first added element and walk towards the bottom,
	 * see WP_HTML_Active_Formatting_Elements::walk_down().
	 *
	 * @since 6.4.0
	 */
	public function walk_up() {
		for ( $i = count( $this->stack ) - 1; $i >= 0; $i-- ) {
			yield $this->stack[ $i ];
		}
	}
}

Changelog

VersionDescription
6.4.0Introduced.

User Contributed Notes

You must log in before being able to contribute a note or feedback.