WP_User::has_cap( string $cap, mixed $args )

Returns whether the user has the specified capability.


This function also accepts an ID of an object to check against if the capability is a meta capability. Meta capabilities such as edit_post and edit_user are capabilities used by the map_meta_cap() function to map to primitive capabilities that a user or role has, such as edit_posts and edit_others_posts.

Example usage:

$user->has_cap( 'edit_posts' );
$user->has_cap( 'edit_post', $post->ID );
$user->has_cap( 'edit_post_meta', $post->ID, $meta_key );

While checking against a role in place of a capability is supported in part, this practice is discouraged as it may produce unreliable results.

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See also

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(string) (Required) Capability name.


(mixed) (Optional) further parameters, typically starting with an object ID.

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(bool) Whether the user has the given capability, or, if an object ID is passed, whether the user has the given capability for that object.

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File: wp-includes/class-wp-user.php

	public function has_cap( $cap, ...$args ) {
		if ( is_numeric( $cap ) ) {
			_deprecated_argument( __FUNCTION__, '2.0.0', __( 'Usage of user levels is deprecated. Use capabilities instead.' ) );
			$cap = $this->translate_level_to_cap( $cap );

		$caps = map_meta_cap( $cap, $this->ID, ...$args );

		// Multisite super admin has all caps by definition, Unless specifically denied.
		if ( is_multisite() && is_super_admin( $this->ID ) ) {
			if ( in_array( 'do_not_allow', $caps, true ) ) {
				return false;
			return true;

		// Maintain BC for the argument passed to the "user_has_cap" filter.
		$args = array_merge( array( $cap, $this->ID ), $args );

		 * Dynamically filter a user's capabilities.
		 * @since 2.0.0
		 * @since 3.7.0 Added the `$user` parameter.
		 * @param bool[]   $allcaps Array of key/value pairs where keys represent a capability name
		 *                          and boolean values represent whether the user has that capability.
		 * @param string[] $caps    Required primitive capabilities for the requested capability.
		 * @param array    $args {
		 *     Arguments that accompany the requested capability check.
		 *     @type string    $0 Requested capability.
		 *     @type int       $1 Concerned user ID.
		 *     @type mixed  ...$2 Optional second and further parameters, typically object ID.
		 * }
		 * @param WP_User  $user    The user object.
		$capabilities = apply_filters( 'user_has_cap', $this->allcaps, $caps, $args, $this );

		// Everyone is allowed to exist.
		$capabilities['exist'] = true;

		// Nobody is allowed to do things they are not allowed to do.
		unset( $capabilities['do_not_allow'] );

		// Must have ALL requested caps.
		foreach ( (array) $caps as $cap ) {
			if ( empty( $capabilities[ $cap ] ) ) {
				return false;

		return true;

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Version Description
5.3.0 Formalized the existing and already documented ...$args parameter by adding it to the function signature.
2.0.0 Introduced.

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